Eye Blink Rates and Eyelid Twitches as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress in the Domestic Horse
| Contributor(s):: Katrina Merkies, Chloe Ready, Leanne Farkas, Abigail Hodder
Physiological changes provide indices of stress responses, however, behavioural measures may be easier to determine. Spontaneous eye blink rate has potential as a non-invasive indicator of stress. Eyelid movements, along with heart rate (HR) and behaviour, from 33 horses were evaluated over...
Equine Activities Influence Horses' Responses to Different Stimuli: Could This Have an Impact on Equine Welfare?
| Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Izabela Kowalczyk, Julien Leclercq, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat
The learning and cognitive challenges that horses may face differ according to the activities in which they are involved. The aim of this investigation was to study the influence of equine activities on the behavioral responses and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity of adult horses....
Voluntary Rein Tension in Horses When Moving Unridden in a Dressage Frame Compared with Ridden Tests of the Same Horses—A Pilot Study
| Contributor(s):: Lara Piccolo, Kathrin Kienapfel
Too much rein tension while riding may compromise the welfare of the horse. But who generates the tension on the reins—the horse or the rider? The primary aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the maximum rein tension that horses voluntarily maintain without a rider compared to rein...
Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol
| Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.
Effects of Rider Experience Level on Horse Kinematics and Behavior
| Contributor(s):: Rebekah Strunk
Large riding lesson programs are an essential part of the horse industry. To meet demand and remain profitable, lesson barns sometimes require horses to work multiple times a day with different rider levels. There is little guidance as to the behavioral and physical effects of such protocols,...
Plains zebra (Equus quagga) behaviour in a restored population reveals seasonal resource limitations
| Contributor(s):: de Vos, Charli, Leslie, Alison J., Ransom, Jason I.
A once abundant species, plains zebra (Equus quagga), is declining across much of sub-Saharan Africa. Reintroduction efforts at Majete Wildlife Reserve, Malawi, have resulted in rapid population increases, but little is known about how such populations resemble natural populations socially or...
An unexpected acoustic indicator of positive emotions in horses
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Mathilde Stomp, Maël Leroux, Marjorie Cellier, Séverine Henry, Alban Lemasson, Martine Hausberger
Indicators of positive emotions are still scarce and many proposed behavioural markers have proven ambiguous. Studies established a link between acoustic signals and emitter’s internal state, but few related to positive emotions and still fewer considered non-vocal sounds. One of them,...
Veterinary and Equine Science Students' Interpretation of Horse Behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Audrey Martinez, Charlotte Bolwell
We assessed first-year veterinary science and veterinary technology and undergraduate equine science students interpretation of expressive horse behaviours. Previous experience with horses appeared to influence the students’ perception of the horses’ behaviour. Qualitative assessments...
Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study
| Contributor(s):: Marine Grandgeorge, CÈline Degrez, Zarrin Alavi, Eric Lemonnier
Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated...
Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds
| Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.
This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...
Cognition and learning in horses (Equus caballus): what we know and why we should ask more
| Contributor(s):: Brubaker, L., Udell, M. A. R.
Horses (Equus caballus) have a rich history in their relationship with humans. Across different cultures and eras they have been utilized for work, show, cultural rituals, consumption, therapy, and companionship and continue to serve in many of these roles today. As one of the most commonly...
Changing human-animal relationships in sport: an analysis of the UK and Australian horse racing whips debates
| Contributor(s):: Graham, R., McManus, P.
Changing social values and new technologies have contributed to increasing media attention and debate about the acceptable use of animals in sport. This paper focuses on the use of the whip in thoroughbred horse racing. Those who defend its use argue it is a necessary tool needed for safety,...
Evidence of heterospecific referential communication from domestic horses (Equus caballus) to humans
| Contributor(s):: Malavasi, R., Huber, L.
Referential communication occurs when a sender elaborates its gestures to direct the attention of a recipient to its role in pursuit of the desired goal, e.g. by pointing or showing an object, thereby informing the recipient what it wants. If the gesture is successful, the sender and the...
The interaction of the pantaneiro man with his horse.
| Contributor(s):: RS Juliano, SA Santos, UGP de Abreu, Rams Silva, MTBD Araujo
The importance of the Pantaneiro horse for the man who lives in the field, creating and working the cattle, is evident and it is an interface of pantanal everyday life, still little studied, under the specific perspective of science. The text brings information from the literature and from...
Horse Injury during Non-Commercial Transport: Findings from Researcher-Assisted Intercept Surveys at Southeastern Australian Equestrian Events
| Contributor(s):: Christopher B. Riley, Belinda R. Noble, Janis Bridges, Susan J. Hazel, Kirrilly Thompson
Equine transportation research has largely focused on the commercial land movement of horses. Data on the incidence and factors associated with horse injuries during non-commercial transportation (privately owned horse trucks and trailers) is scant. This study surveyed 223 drivers transporting...
The Human and Animal Bond in The Red Pony
| Contributor(s):: Chaker Mohamed Ben Ali
John Steinbeck perceives the natural world in The Red Pony as uncaring and unforgiving and predatory since it is full of predators which are in a constant conflict against one another. Such a conflict occurs either between animals and animals or between humans and animals or between humans and...
Apr 08 2017
International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants Conference 2017
Factors Influencing the Safety Behavior of German Equestrians: Attitudes towards Protective Equipment and Peer Behaviors
| Contributor(s):: Christina-Maria Ikinger, Jana Baldamus, Achim Spiller
Human interactions with horses entail certain risks. Although the acceptance and use of protective gear is increasing, a high number of incidents and very low or inconsistent voluntary use of safety equipment are reported. While past studies have examined factors influencing the use of safety...
Look Before You Leap: What Are the Obstacles to Risk Calculation in the Equestrian Sport of Eventing?
| Contributor(s):: Denzil O'Brien
All horse-riding is risky. In competitive horse sports, eventing is considered the riskiest, and is often characterised as very dangerous. But based on what data? There has been considerable research on the risks and unwanted outcomes of horse-riding in general, and on particular subsets of...
Reconciling Horse Welfare, Worker Safety, and Public Expectations: Horse Event Incident Management Systems in Australia
| Contributor(s):: Julie M. Fiedler, Paul D. McGreevy
Human-horse interactions have a rich tradition and can be highly rewarding, particularly within sport and recreation pursuits, but they can also be dangerous or even life-threatening. In parallel, sport and recreation pursuits involving animals, including horses, are facing an increased level of...