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  1. Improving the Recognition of Equine Affective States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine Bell, Suzanne Rogers, Julie Taylor, Debbie Busby

    A key welfare problem for horses is that people commonly fail to recognise, and consequently neglect to resolve, equine behavioural signs of distress, worsening the welfare of the horse and potentially putting the safety of the handler at risk as a result. Members of equestrian Facebook groups...

  2. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  3. Conceptualization of psychotherapy incorporating equine interactions in the United States

    | Contributor(s):: Fry, N. E.

  4. The role of hormones during equine-assisted activity and therapy: a literature review

    | Contributor(s):: Ferlazzo, A., Fazio, E., Cravana, C., Medica, P.

  5. Serum Cortisol Concentrations and Behavior Assessment as Tools for Evaluating Stress in Horses Used in Therapeutic or University Riding Programs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shikun Chen

    Stress is known to have a negative impact on the health and well-being of animals. Physiological and behavioral changes offer objective and easy to use methods of evaluating stress in horses. However, there are limited studies showing a relationship between changes in stress-related behavior...

  6. Perceptions and attitudes towards mules in a group of soldiers

    | Contributor(s):: Lagos, J., Rojas, M., Rodrigues, J. B., Tadich, T.

  7. Miniature horse training (Equus caballus) for use in equine assisted therapy, according to equine learning theory

    | Contributor(s):: Rocha Medeiros, B. da, Silva, M. M. da, Zanette, P. R. K., Claus, M. P., Cardoso, J.

  8. Benefits of Animal Exposure on Veterinary Students' Understanding of Equine Behaviour and Self-Assessed Equine Handling Skills

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lauréline Guinnefollau, Erica K. Gee, Charlotte F. Bolwell, Elizabeth J. Norman, Chris W. Rogers

    Horses are one of the most dangerous animals veterinarians have to work with. For many veterinary students, their first exposure to horses occurs during practical classes. To evaluate the level of knowledge students have of equine behaviour and their equine handling competency when entering...

  9. Eye Blink Rates and Eyelid Twitches as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress in the Domestic Horse

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katrina Merkies, Chloe Ready, Leanne Farkas, Abigail Hodder

    Physiological changes provide indices of stress responses, however, behavioural measures may be easier to determine. Spontaneous eye blink rate has potential as a non-invasive indicator of stress. Eyelid movements, along with heart rate (HR) and behaviour, from 33 horses were evaluated over...

  10. Equine Activities Influence Horses' Responses to Different Stimuli: Could This Have an Impact on Equine Welfare?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Izabela Kowalczyk, Julien Leclercq, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat

    The learning and cognitive challenges that horses may face differ according to the activities in which they are involved. The aim of this investigation was to study the influence of equine activities on the behavioral responses and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity of adult horses....

  11. Voluntary Rein Tension in Horses When Moving Unridden in a Dressage Frame Compared with Ridden Tests of the Same Horses—A Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lara Piccolo, Kathrin Kienapfel

    Too much rein tension while riding may compromise the welfare of the horse. But who generates the tension on the reins—the horse or the rider? The primary aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the maximum rein tension that horses voluntarily maintain without a rider compared to rein...

  12. Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol

    | Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.

  13. Effects of Rider Experience Level on Horse Kinematics and Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Rebekah Strunk

    Large riding lesson programs are an essential part of the horse industry. To meet demand and remain profitable, lesson barns sometimes require horses to work multiple times a day with different rider levels. There is little guidance as to the behavioral and physical effects of such protocols,...

  14. A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids—A method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)

    | Contributor(s):: Ali, Ahmed B. A., El Sayed, Mohammed A., Matoock, Mohamed Y., Fouad, Manal A., Heleski, Camie R.

    There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or...

  15. Plains zebra (Equus quagga) behaviour in a restored population reveals seasonal resource limitations

    | Contributor(s):: de Vos, Charli, Leslie, Alison J., Ransom, Jason I.

    A once abundant species, plains zebra (Equus quagga), is declining across much of sub-Saharan Africa. Reintroduction efforts at Majete Wildlife Reserve, Malawi, have resulted in rapid population increases, but little is known about how such populations resemble natural populations socially or...

  16. An unexpected acoustic indicator of positive emotions in horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mathilde Stomp, Maël Leroux, Marjorie Cellier, Séverine Henry, Alban Lemasson, Martine Hausberger

    Indicators of positive emotions are still scarce and many proposed behavioural markers have proven ambiguous. Studies established a link between acoustic signals and emitter’s internal state, but few related to positive emotions and still fewer considered non-vocal sounds. One of them,...

  17. Veterinary and Equine Science Students' Interpretation of Horse Behaviour

    | Contributor(s):: Gabriella Gronqvist, Chris Rogers, Erica Gee, Audrey Martinez, Charlotte Bolwell

    We assessed first-year veterinary science and veterinary technology and undergraduate equine science students interpretation of expressive horse behaviours. Previous experience with horses appeared to influence the students’ perception of the horses’ behaviour. Qualitative assessments...

  18. Face processing of animal and human static stimuli by children with autism spectrum disorder: a pilot study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marine Grandgeorge, CÈline Degrez, Zarrin Alavi, Eric Lemonnier

    Animals are part of humans' social environment and present numerous benefits. Each partner in a human-animal interaction uses signals emitted by the other (e.g. postures, gestures or gaze directions) to collect information to adjust their behaviour. Face processing impairment is associated...

  19. Exploring the existence and potential underpinnings of dog-human and horse-human attachment bonds

    | Contributor(s):: Payne, E., Dearaugo, J., Bennett, P., McGreevy, P.

    This article reviews evidence for the existence of attachment bonds directed toward humans in dog-human and horse-human dyads. It explores each species' alignment with the four features of a typical attachment bond: separation-related distress, safe haven, secure base and proximity seeking. While...

  20. Cognition and learning in horses (Equus caballus): what we know and why we should ask more

    | Contributor(s):: Brubaker, L., Udell, M. A. R.

    Horses (Equus caballus) have a rich history in their relationship with humans. Across different cultures and eras they have been utilized for work, show, cultural rituals, consumption, therapy, and companionship and continue to serve in many of these roles today. As one of the most commonly...