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  1. Measuring Equine-Assisted Therapy: Validation and Confirmatory Factor Analysis of an ICF-Based Standardized Assessment-Tool

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stolz, I., Anneken, V., Froböse, I.

    The International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (ICF) of the World Health Organization (WHO) was established as an international framework for monitoring rehabilitation outcomes and the impacts of health interventions since, as the term “functioning” implies,...

  2. Historical development of horse breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Tuncer, S. S., Kozat, S.

    This study was conducted to examine the historical development process of modern horse breeds. Horses are among the few species that have managed to become domesticated on earth. The domestication of horses took place after dogs, goats, sheep, pigs, reindeer and poultry. It is accepted that the...

  3. Development of an ICF-based assessment tool for equine-assisted therapy: model structure and reliability

    | Contributor(s):: Stolz, I., Tillmann, V., Anneken, V., Froboese, I.

    BACKGROUND: Scientific investigation and documentation of equine-assisted therapy has increased over the past several years. Yet there are no standardized and validated tools for evidence-based measurement of processes and outcomes to assess equine-assisted interventions. AIM: The objective of...

  4. An observational evaluation of stress in horses during therapeutic riding sessions

    | Contributor(s):: McDuffee, L., Carr, L., Montelpare, W.

    Therapeutic riding (TR) provides benefits to participants with cognitive and physical disabilities. Horses participating in TR programs are typically selected because of their calm temperament and may not show obvious signs of stress. However, the welfare of horses in TR programs is an important...

  5. Androstenone induces horses to be more compliant with human-horse interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Choi, Yeonju, Yoon, MinJung

    Olfactory signals play an essential role in communication in animals. Pheromones are volatile or nonvolatile chemicals that trigger social responses among animals. Therefore, pheromone treatment could, in theory, be used to modify horse behavior to improve human-horse relationships. Androstenone...

  6. Occurrence of suspected zoophilia in veterinary clinical care in Marilia/SP in 2018-2019: veiled and neglected animal abuseOcorrencia de suspeitas de zoofilia no atendimento clinico medico-veterinario em Marilia/SP no periodo de 2018-2019: maus-trato

    | Contributor(s):: Polegato, E. P. dos S., Teixeira, I. B., Angeli, M. V., Paie, J. P.

  7. Manualized equine-assisted therapy protocol for clients with autism spectrum disorder

    | Contributor(s):: McKissock, H. B., Bowen, A., Dawson, S., Eldridge, L., McIntire, J., Stanojevic, C., Tamas, D., McCormick, B. P.

  8. Effect of Equine-Assisted Activities and Therapies on Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Children with Cerebral Palsy: A Randomized Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Suk, M. H., Kwon, J. Y.

  9. Equine-Assisted Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Military Veterans: An Open Trial

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fisher, P. W., Lazarov, A., Lowell, A., Arnon, S., Turner, J. B., Bergman, M., Ryba, M., Such, S., Marohasy, C., Zhu, X., Suarez-Jimenez, B., Markowitz, J. C., Neria, Y.

    Objective: As veterans have high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and historically poor treatment outcomes and high attrition, alternative treatments have gained much popularity despite lack of rigorous research. In this study, a recently developed and manualized 8-session group...

  10. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  11. Community attitudes reflect reporting rates and prevalence of animal mistreatment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Glanville, C., Ford, J., Cook, R., Coleman, G. J.

    Community attitudes toward the treatment of animals are important to understand for the development of intervention programs to prevent mistreatment. We aimed to investigate whether previously identified differences between local government areas (LGAs) in the rates of animal mistreatment...

  12. Ultrasonographic examination of equine fetal growth parameters throughout gestation in pony for Equine-Assisted Therapy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gao, Y., Hannan, M. A., Murata, K., Rajabi-Toustani, R., Nambo, Y.

    Equine-Assisted Therapy (EAT) is gaining popularity. Ultrasound examination is used to decrease the abortion rate in horses. In this study, to monitor fetal well-being throughout the gestation for EAT, we measured fetal heart rate (FHR), fetal eye orbit (FEO), fetal gonad length (FGL), fetal...

  13. Conceptualization of psychotherapy incorporating equine interactions in the United States

    | Contributor(s):: Fry, N. E.

  14. The role of hormones during equine-assisted activity and therapy: a literature review

    | Contributor(s):: Ferlazzo, A., Fazio, E., Cravana, C., Medica, P.

  15. Physical therapy treatments incorporating equine movement: a pilot study exploring interactions between children with cerebral palsy and the horse

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lightsey, P., Lee, Y., Krenek, N., Hur, P.

    BACKGROUND: Physical therapy treatments incorporating equine movement are recognized as an effective tool to treat functional mobility and balance in children with cerebral palsy (CP). To date, only a few studies examined kinematic outputs of the horses and children when mounted. In this pilot...

  16. Equine-assisted activities and therapies in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A systematic review

    | Contributor(s):: Pérez-Gómez, J., Amigo-Gamero, H., Collado-Mateo, D., Barrios-Fernandez, S., Muñoz-Bermejo, L., Garcia-Gordillo, MÁ, Carlos-Vivas, J., Adsuar, J. C.

  17. Equine-assisted psychotherapy with traumatized couples-Improvement of relationship quality and psychological symptoms

    | Contributor(s):: Willmund, G., Zimmermann, P., Alliger-Horn, C., Varn, A., Fischer, C., Parent, I., Sobottka, A., Bering, R., Rose, C., Ströhle, A., Köhler, K.

  18. The Horse as a Therapist: Effects of an Equine Program Without "Therapy" on the Attention and Behavior of Youth Disengaged from Traditional School

    | Contributor(s):: Norwood, M. F., Lakhani, A., Maujean, A., Downes, M., Fullagar, S., Barber, B. L., Kendall, E.

  19. Effectiveness of equine-assisted therapies for improving health outcomes in people with multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis

    | Contributor(s):: Suárez-Iglesias, D., Bidaurrazaga-Letona, I., Sanchez-Lastra, M. A., Gil, S. M., Ayán, C.

  20. [Physiotherapy interventions through hippotherapy in the treatment of cerebral palsy. A literature review]

    | Contributor(s):: Mendizábal Alonso, P.