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  1. Eye Blink Rates and Eyelid Twitches as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress in the Domestic Horse

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katrina Merkies, Chloe Ready, Leanne Farkas, Abigail Hodder

    Physiological changes provide indices of stress responses, however, behavioural measures may be easier to determine. Spontaneous eye blink rate has potential as a non-invasive indicator of stress. Eyelid movements, along with heart rate (HR) and behaviour, from 33 horses were evaluated over...

  2. Behavioral and Physiological Differences between Working Horses and Chilean Rodeo Horses in a Handling Test

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Rosselot, Tiago Mendonça, Igor González, Tamara Tadich

    Non-invasive measures are preferred when assessing animal welfare. Differences in behavioral and physiological responses toward a stressor could be the result of the selection of horses for specific uses. Behavioral and physiological responses of working and Chilean rodeo horses subjected to a...

  3. Comprehensive Report of the Caseload of Donkeys and Mules Presented to a Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital over a Ten-Year Period

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lais R. R. Costa, Monica Aleman, Eric Davis

    Comprehensive reports of the caseload of donkeys and mules in veterinary hospitals in the United States are lacking. We compiled the information of the caseload of donkeys and mules at the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital at the University of California, Davis for a ten-year period, from...

  4. A Pilot Welfare Assessment of Working Ponies on Gili Trawangan, Indonesia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tova C. Pinsky, I Ketut Puja, Joshua Aleri, Jennifer Hood, Maria M. Sasadara, Teresa Collins

    Many working equids in developing countries experience poor health and welfare due to environmental and management factors. Collecting baseline data on these populations is essential to inform education projects to improve equid health and welfare. Gili Trawangan is an island in Indonesia that...

  5. Editorial: The Implications of Transport Practices for Horse Health and Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara Padalino, Christopher Riley

  6. Equine Activities Influence Horses' Responses to Different Stimuli: Could This Have an Impact on Equine Welfare?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Izabela Kowalczyk, Julien Leclercq, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat

    The learning and cognitive challenges that horses may face differ according to the activities in which they are involved. The aim of this investigation was to study the influence of equine activities on the behavioral responses and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity of adult horses....

  7. Voluntary Rein Tension in Horses When Moving Unridden in a Dressage Frame Compared with Ridden Tests of the Same Horses—A Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lara Piccolo, Kathrin Kienapfel

    Too much rein tension while riding may compromise the welfare of the horse. But who generates the tension on the reins—the horse or the rider? The primary aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the maximum rein tension that horses voluntarily maintain without a rider compared to rein...

  8. Becoming the centaur : developing non-dominant human-horse relationships in Yorkshire

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kirsty Roisin Cameron Ferrier

    This project will add to and build upon the existing anthropological literature on human-animal relations by challenging how categories such as ‘nature’, ‘culture’, ‘ethics’, ‘domestication’, and ‘kinship’ are deployed in a...

  9. Responding to Risk: Regulation or Prohibition? New Zealand Media Reporting of Thoroughbred Jumps Racing 2016–2018

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kylie A. Legg, Mary Breheny, Erica K. Gee, Chris W. Rogers

    Jumps racing involves a higher risk of accident and fatality than flat racing. The wide accessibility of media, combined with alternate views regarding the place of animals in society, raises the question of the acceptability of the continuation of jumps racing. Racing data and media articles...

  10. Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol

    | Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.

  11. Characterization of Horse Use in Therapeutic Horseback Riding Programs in the United States: A Pilot Survey

    | Contributor(s):: Watson, E., Davis, A., Splan, R., Porr, C. A. S.

  12. Text Mining Analysis to Evaluate Stakeholders' Perception Regarding Welfare of Equines, Small Ruminants, and Turkeys

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Emanuela Dalla Costa, Vito Tranquillo, Francesca Dai, Michela Minero, Monica Battini, Silvana Mattiello, Sara Barbieri, Valentina Ferrante, Lorenzo Ferrari, Adroaldo Zanella, Elisabetta Canali

    Welfare of animals significantly depends on how stakeholders perceive their needs and behave in a way to favor production systems that promote better welfare outcomes. This study aimed at investigating stakeholders’ perception of the welfare of equines, small ruminants, and turkeys using...

  13. Guiding Reins

    Full-text: Available

    Our goal is two-fold; we are rescuing horses and giving them a high noble purpose - rescuing loved ones and restoring meaning to their lives. Guiding Reins offers an alternative to improve mental/physical health for all ages. Horses once destined for disposal create a unique and powerful...

  14. Health and Body Conditions of Riding School Horses Housed in Groups or Kept in Conventional Tie-Stall/Box Housing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jenny Yngvesson, Juan Carlos Rey Torres, Jasmine Lindholm, Annika Pättiniemi, Petra Andersson, Hanna Sassner

    We compared welfare measures of horses among Swedish riding schools (RS) during winter where horses were kept either in group housing (n = 8) or in tie-stalls/boxes (n = 8), Health data for six previous months were obtained for all horses at each RS from their records. Ten horses per...

  15. Dually investigated: The effect of a pressure headcollar on the behaviour, discomfort and stress of trained horses

    | Contributor(s):: Ijichi, Carrie, Wild, Hayley, Dai, Francesca, Bordin, Alexandre, Cameron-Whytock, Heather, White, Samuel J., Yarnell, Kelly, Starbuck, Gareth, Jolivald, Aurelie, Birkbeck, Lauren, Hallam, Sarah, Costa, Emanuela Dalla

    The Dually™ is a control headcollar designed to improve equine behaviour during handling challenges by applying greater pressure than a standard headcollar. Previous research indicated it did not improve compliance in naïve horses but did result in higher Horse Grimace Scale scores (HGS)...

  16. Examining Canadian Equine Industry Participants' Perceptions of Horses and Their Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cordelie DuBois, Lindsay Nakonechny, Emilie Derisoud, Katrina Merkies

    The diversity of the Canadian equine industry makes determining baseline attitudes and beliefs a challenge. Adult members of the Canadian equine industry (n = 901) participated in an online survey to report demographic information and views on the role of horses and their ability to experience...

  17. Excluded but not forgotten: Veterinary emergency care during emergencies and disasters

    | Contributor(s):: Martin, N. D., Pascual, J. L., Hirsch, J., Holena, D. N., Kaplan, L. J.

  18. The Impact of Equine-Assisted Therapy on Equine Behavioral and Physiological Responses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Fanny Menuge, Julien Leclercq, Céline Lafont-Lecuelle, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat

    Equine-assisted therapies (EATs) have been widely used in the treatment of patients with mental or physical conditions. However, studies on the influence of equine-assisted therapy (EAT) on equine welfare are very recent, and the need for further research is often highlighted. The aim of this...

  19. A Study of Traveller Horse Owners' Attitudes to Horse Care and Welfare Using an Equine Body Condition Scoring System

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Marie Rowland, Tamsin Coombs, Melanie Connor

    Traveller horses are often perceived to be exposed to poor welfare due to Travellers’ traditional way of horsemanship. However, few studies have investigated Traveller horse welfare. Hence, the present study aims to explore Traveller horse owners’ attitudes to horse care and...

  20. Toward a Choice-Based Judgment Bias Task for Horses

    | Contributor(s):: Hintze, Sara, Roth, Emma, Bachmann, Iris, Würbel, Hanno

    Judgment bias tasks for nonhuman animals are promising tools to assess emotional valence as a measure of animal welfare. In view of establishing a valid judgment bias task for horses, the present study aimed to evaluate 2 versions (go/no-go and active choice) of an auditory judgment bias task for...