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  1. Domestic Foal Weaning: Need for Re-Thinking Breeding Practices?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Séverine Henry, Hrefna Sigurjónsdóttir, Aziliz Klapper, Julie Joubert, Gabrielle Montier, Martine Hausberger

    Artificial weaning is a standard practice known to be one of the most stressful events in a domestic foal’s life. Research has mainly focused on ways to alleviate weaning stress. However, there is still a need for more detailed research on what should constitute best practices with...

  2. Risk Factors of Anesthesia-Related Mortality and Morbidity in One Equine Hospital: A Retrospective Study on 1,161 Cases Undergoing Elective or Emergency Surgeries

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Chiara Laurenza, Lèa Ansart, Karine Portier

    A retrospective analysis was performed to determine mortality and morbidity rates for elective and emergency cases in an equine university teaching hospital. It investigated the effect of horse-, anesthetic-, timing, and clinician experience-related variables on anesthetic complications. In...

  3. Increased Rider Weight Did Not Induce Changes in Behavior and Physiological Parameters in Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: JanneWinther Christensen, Suzie Bathellier, Marie Rhodin, Rupert Palme, Mette Uldahl

    Recent studies have reported significant alterations in horse physiological and gait parameters when exposed to increased rider weight during moderate to high intensity exercise. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of increased rider weight (+15% and +25% of the regular rider’s...

  4. A Ten-Stage Protocol for Assessing the Welfare of Individual Non-Captive Wild Animals: Free-Roaming Horses (Equus Ferus Caballus) as an Example

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Andrea M. Harvey, Ngaio J. Beausoleil, Daniel Ramp, David J. Mellor

    Knowledge of the welfare status of wild animals is vital for informing debates about the ways in which we interact with wild animals and their habitats. Currently, there is no published information about how to scientifically assess the welfare of free-roaming wild animals during their normal...

  5. Effects of Transport Conditions on Behavioural and Physiological Responses of Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Barbara Padalino, Sharanne L Raidal

    The regulations for minimal space and direction of travel for land transport in horses vary worldwide and there is currently no definitive guidance to promote equine health and welfare. This study evaluated the effects of bay size and direction of travel (forwards/backwards) in horses by...

  6. An observational evaluation of stress in horses during therapeutic riding sessions

    | Contributor(s):: McDuffee, L., Carr, L., Montelpare, W.

    Therapeutic riding (TR) provides benefits to participants with cognitive and physical disabilities. Horses participating in TR programs are typically selected because of their calm temperament and may not show obvious signs of stress. However, the welfare of horses in TR programs is an important...

  7. A Review of Contemporary Contraceptives and Sterilization Techniques for Feral Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Albert J. Kane

    This commentary provides a brief review of the history of contraceptive research eff orts for feral horses (Equus ferus caballus) as well as the contraceptives and sterilization techniques currently available for feral horses. Porcine zona pellucida (PZP) immunocontraceptives have received the...

  8. Occurrence of suspected zoophilia in veterinary clinical care in Marilia/SP in 2018-2019: veiled and neglected animal abuseOcorrencia de suspeitas de zoofilia no atendimento clinico medico-veterinario em Marilia/SP no periodo de 2018-2019: maus-trato

    | Contributor(s):: Polegato, E. P. dos S., Teixeira, I. B., Angeli, M. V., Paie, J. P.

  9. Survey on Equine Parasite Control in the Midwestern and Southwestern United States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Gary W. Webb, Heidi Brady, Cassandra O'Hara, Sadie Sacra

    We conducted a survey to assess parasite control programs used by three groups of horse owners. The majority of those surveyed indicated that they received information on parasite control from veterinarians, with only 6% indicating reliance on Extension materials for such information. Most...

  10. Improving the Recognition of Equine Affective States

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Catherine Bell, Suzanne Rogers, Julie Taylor, Debbie Busby

    A key welfare problem for horses is that people commonly fail to recognise, and consequently neglect to resolve, equine behavioural signs of distress, worsening the welfare of the horse and potentially putting the safety of the handler at risk as a result. Members of equestrian Facebook groups...

  11. Practice of Noseband Use and Intentions towards Behavioural Change in Dutch Equestrians

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: E. Kathalijne Visser, Monique M. F. Kuypers, Jennifer S. M. Stam, Bernd Riedstra

    Understanding equestrians’ noseband tightening practices and intentions is necessary to target welfare improvement strategies. Firstly, we measured tightness in dressage and show jumping horses in The Netherlands, shortly after implementation of the two-finger rule by the Royal Dutch...

  12. Pilot study of the influence of equine assisted therapy on physiological and behavioral parameters related to welfare of horses and patients

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Dolores Ayala, M., Carrillo, A., Iniesta, P., Ferrer, P.

    Different welfare indicators were studied in three patients with psychomotor alterations and in two horses throughout 9-10 equine assisted therapy sessions in each patient. In horses, heart and respiratory rates, blood pressure, temperature and behavioral signs were studied. In patients, heart...

  13. Community attitudes reflect reporting rates and prevalence of animal mistreatment

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Glanville, C., Ford, J., Cook, R., Coleman, G. J.

    Community attitudes toward the treatment of animals are important to understand for the development of intervention programs to prevent mistreatment. We aimed to investigate whether previously identified differences between local government areas (LGAs) in the rates of animal mistreatment...

  14. The role of hormones during equine-assisted activity and therapy: a literature review

    | Contributor(s):: Ferlazzo, A., Fazio, E., Cravana, C., Medica, P.

  15. Cultural "Blind Spots," Social Influence and the Welfare of Working Donkeys in Brick Kilns in Northern India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tamlin L. Watson, Laura M. Kubasiewicz, Natasha Chamberlain, Caroline Nye, Zoe Raw, Faith A. Burden

    Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) work across the globe to improve the welfare of working equids. Despite decades of veterinary and other interventions, welfare issues persist with equids working in brick kilns. Engagement with all stakeholders is integral to creating abiding improvements...

  16. The Use of Draught Animals in Rural Labour

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mota-Rojas, D., Braghieri, A., Álvarez-Macías, A., Serrapica, F., Ramírez-Bribiesca, E., Cruz-Monterrosa, R., Masucci, F., Mora-Medina, P., Napolitano, F.

    This study discusses scientific findings on the use of draught animals such as equids (i.e., horses, mules, and donkeys) and bovids (i.e., cattle and water buffaloes) in rural labours. Relevant peer-reviewed literature published between 1980 and 2021 was retrieved from CAB Abstracts, PubMed,...

  17. Donkey welfare assessment in north-east Portugal

    | Contributor(s):: Cruz, Z., Novoa, M., Leiva, B., Andrade, D., Quaresma, M.

  18. Evaluation of consistency over time of the use of the Animal Welfare Indicators protocol for horses

    | Contributor(s):: Czycholl, I., Buttner, K., Klingbeil, P., Krieter, J.

  19. Comparison of the socio-economic value and welfare of working donkeys in rural and urban Ethiopia

    | Contributor(s):: Geiger, M., Hockenhull, J., Buller, H., Kedir, M. J., Engida, G. T., Getachew, M., Burden, F. A., Whay, H. R.

  20. Can eye surface temperature be used to indicate a stress response in harbour seals (Phoca vitulina)?

    | Contributor(s):: MacRae, A. M., McGreevy, P., Daros, R. R., Fraser, D.