A Delphi study to determine expert consensus on the behavioural indicators of stress in horses undergoing veterinary care
Contributor(s):: Pearson, Gemma, Waran, Natalie, Reardon, Richard J. M., Keen, John, Dwyer, Cathy
Evaluation of Horses’ Daytime Activity Budget in a Model of Ethological Stable: A Case Study in Italy
Contributor(s):: Marliani, Giovanna, Sprocatti, Ilaria, Schiavoni, Giulia, Bellodi, Andrea, Accorsi, Pier Attilio
Effect of animal’s experience and rodeo procedures on behaviour of bucking horses at a large commercial rodeo in Canada
Contributor(s):: Goldhawk, Christy, Grandin, Temple, Pajor, Ed
Horses associate individual human voices with the valence of past interactions: a behavioural and electrophysiological study
Contributor(s):: d'Ingeo, S., Quaranta, A., Siniscalchi, M., Stomp, M., Coste, C., Bagnard, C., Hausberger, M., Cousillas, H.
Does training style affect the human-horse relationship? Asking the horse in a separation–reunion experiment with the owner and a stranger
Contributor(s):: Lundberg, Paulina, Hartmann, Elke, Roth, Lina S. V.
Humans have shared a long history with horses and today we mainly consider horses as companions for sports and leisure activities. Previously, the human perspective of the human-horse relationship has been investigated but there has been little focus on the horse’s perspective. This study aimed...
Effects of grazing muzzles on behavior, voluntary exercise, and physiological stress of miniature horses housed in a herd
Contributor(s):: Davis, Kristina M., Iwaniuk, Marie E., Dennis, Rachel L., Harris, Patricia A., Burk, Amy O.
Grazing muzzles are a popular and effective management tool used to help prevent weight gain in obese-prone equids. Concerns have been raised over their possible negative impact on horse well-being as muzzles may interfere with normal grazing and social behaviors. The objective of this study was...
Caring for the horse in a cold climate—Reviewing principles for thermoregulation and horse preferences
Contributor(s):: Mejdell, Cecilie M., Bøe, Knut Egil, Jørgensen, Grete H. M.
In the Nordic countries, permanent outdoor housing of horses in winter is gaining popularity. This practice will expose the horses to harsh weather conditions. However, horses that are kept indoors at night and turned out in the cold during daytime also experience thermoregulatory challenges....
Examining Canadian Equine Industry Participants' Perceptions of Horses and Their Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Cordelie DuBois, Lindsay Nakonechny, Emilie Derisoud, Katrina Merkies
The diversity of the Canadian equine industry makes determining baseline attitudes and beliefs a challenge. Adult members of the Canadian equine industry (n = 901) participated in an online survey to report demographic information and views on the role of horses and their ability to experience...
The Impact of Equine-Assisted Therapy on Equine Behavioral and Physiological Responses
| Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Fanny Menuge, Julien Leclercq, Céline Lafont-Lecuelle, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat
Equine-assisted therapies (EATs) have been widely used in the treatment of patients with mental or physical conditions. However, studies on the influence of equine-assisted therapy (EAT) on equine welfare are very recent, and the need for further research is often highlighted. The aim of this...
Physiological and Behavioral Responses of Horses to Wither Scratching and Patting the Neck When Under Saddle
| Contributor(s):: Thorbergson, Zoë W., Nielsen, Sharon G., Beaulieu, Rodney J., Doyle, Rebecca E.
Riding is considered to be an arousing activity for horses. It has been suggested that wither scratching may be a more useful tool for relaxation compared with the common practice of neck patting. In the current study, 18 horses were exposed to 3 treatments, including control or no interaction,...
The Effect of an Irregular Feeding Schedule on Equine Behavior
| Contributor(s):: Zupan, Manja, Štuhec, Ivan, Jordan, Dušanka
We used eight horses 1 to 12 years old to investigate the influence of irregular feeding times on the behavior. The animals were housed in individual boxes, fed with hay ad libitum and barley-oat mixture at three set times; 05:00 (earlier feeding) on Thursdays, 07:00 (delayed feeding) on...
The Anthropomorphic Application of Gender Stereotypes to Horses
| Contributor(s):: Dashper, Katherine, Fenner, Kate, Hyde, Michelle, Probyn-Rapsey, Fiona, Caspar, Georgie, Henshall, Cathrynne, McGreevy, Paul
Gender stereotypes shape human social interaction, often to the detriment of women and those who do not comply with normative expectations of gender. So far, little research has assessed the extent to which people apply gender stereotypes to animals, and the implications this may have for...
Pedometers as supervision tools for mares in the prepartal period
| Contributor(s):: Bachmann, Martin, Wensch-Dorendorf, Monika, Hoffmann, Gundula, Steinhöfel, Ilka, Bothendorf, Steffen, Kemper, Nicole
To assess the practical use of pedometers as supervision tools in the equine prepartal period, two types, IceQube®- and ALT-sensors, were tested. Nine mares were randomly fitted with devices of the respective types on the front legs (ALT: n=9, IceQube®: n=7), and with an IceQube®-sensor on a neck...
An objective measure of reactive behaviour in horses
| Contributor(s):: Noble, Glenys K., Blackshaw, Kathryn L., Cowling, Ann, Harris, Patricia A., Sillence, Martin N.
Several tests have been devised in an attempt to detect behaviour modification due to training, supplements or diet in horses. These tests rely on subjective observations in combination with physiological measures, such as heart rate (HR) and plasma cortisol concentrations, but these measures do...
A novel approach to systematically compare behavioural patterns between and within groups of horses
| Contributor(s):: Ellis, Andrea D., Stephenson, Melissa, Preece, Michaela, Harris, Pat
This study piloted a multiple aspect approach to assess differences or changes in equine behaviour, using physiological (heart rates – HR, salivary cortisol – SC) and behavioural measures in various routine (feed-time, riding, turning out) and test situations (novel situation tests NS: 2×...
The enriching effect of non-commercial items in stabled horses
| Contributor(s):: Bulens, Anneleen, Van Beirendonck, Sanne, Van Thielen, Jos, Driessen, Bert
The effect of the provision of simple objects to stabled horses on their behaviour was investigated to determine whether these objects can affect horses’ behaviour in a positive way and thus enrich their environment. A positive influence can for example be measured by a decrease in stereotypical...
Crib-biting and its heritability in Finnhorses
| Contributor(s):: Hemmann, Karin, Raekallio, Marja, Vainio, Outi, Juga, Jarmo
Crib-biting in horses is a stereotypical oral behaviour with a prevalence of 2.8–15%, varying between breeds. A genetic basis for crib-biting has been suggested by many researchers, but due to incomplete information on families or the lack of a sufficient number of verified crib-biters,...
Application of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment to horses during an endurance ride
| Contributor(s):: Fleming, Patricia A., Paisley, Cheree L., Barnes, Anne L., Wemelsfelder, Françoise
Endurance horses are considered subject to a unique set of training and competing pressures due to the long distances travelled. The health and welfare of these horses could be compromised if they have not been adequately trained or are pushed beyond their limits, and there are increasing...
Towards a more objective assessment of equine personality using behavioural and physiological observations from performance test training
| Contributor(s):: König von Borstel, Uta, Pasing, Stephanie, Gauly, Matthias
Current definitions of horse personality traits are rather vague, lacking clear, universally accepted guidelines for evaluation in performance tests. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to screen behavioural and physiological measurements taken during riding for potential links with...
Keeping horses in groups: A review
| Contributor(s):: Hartmann, Elke, Søndergaard, Eva, Keeling, Linda J.
Although husbandry conditions for horses have improved over the last decades, many horses are still kept singly with limited or no physical contact to other horses. This is surprising, given the fact that keeping horses in groups is recognised best to fulfil their physical and behavioural needs,...