The current state of welfare, housing and husbandry of the English pet rabbit population
Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Blackwell, E. J., Mullan, S. M., Saunders, R., Baker, P. E., Hill, J. M., Sealey, C. E., Turner, M. J., Held, S. D.
Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance
Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.
An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...
Oral/nasal/facial and other behaviors of sows kept individually outdoors on pasture, soil or indoors in gestation crates
Contributor(s):: Dailey, J. W., McGlone, J. J.
PIC Camborough-15 sows were housed either on pasture (n=8), on soil (n=8) or in gestation crates (n=16). All were fed 2.0 kg of fortified sorghum-soybean diet each day in pellet form, except half of the crated sows which were fed meal. The occurrences of standing, lying, sitting, feeding,...
Pregnant gilt behavior in outdoor and indoor intensive pork production systems
The behaviour of three genotypes of gilts, PIC Camborough-15 (C-15), PIC Camborough-Blue (CB), and YorkxLandrace (YL), were compared in an English-style extensive outdoor production system and an intensive indoor system. Mutually exclusive behaviours were defined and recorded and included...
The behavioural and physiological responses of farmed red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) penned adjacent to other species
Contributor(s):: Abeyesinghe, S. M., Goddard, P. J., Cockram, M. S.
This experiment describes the implications of red deer being kept in pens in close proximity to other species as may occur during abattoir lairage. 20 groups of 5 male yearling red deer were used to study behavioural and physiological responses over a 2-h period to 1 of 5 treatments: red deer...
The effects of some factors associated with transportation on the behavioural and physiological reactions of farmed red deer
Contributor(s):: Grigor, P. N., Goddard, P. J., Cockram, M. S., Rennie, S. C., Macdonald, A. J.
The effects of several aspects of transportation on the behavioural and physiological responses of red deer (Cervus elaphus) were studied. In two experiments conducted in winter and summer, two groups of five adult male castrated red deer (housed at a space allowance of 2.7 msuperscript 2 per...
The effect of cage size on play and aggression between dogs in purpose-bred beagles
Contributor(s):: Bebak, J., Beck, A. M.
A synthesis of the inter-relations animal house, environment, rentability, human and animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Maton, A.
Types of housing for dairy cattle, pigs and poultry are assessed in terms of environmental impact, economic factors and animal and human welfare.
Behavioral responses to short-term social isolation in sheep and goats
Contributor(s):: Price, E. O., Thos, J.
Temporary isolation from social partners under modern husbandry practices is often accompanied by psychological distress. The effects of short-term social isolation were studied in forty ten-week-old domestic sheep and goats reared in intra- and inter-specific pairs. Goats bleated and reared...
Effects of male presence on agonistic behavior and productivity of White Leghorn hens
Contributor(s):: Bhagwat, A. L., Craig, J. V.
Three experiments were performed, involving 18, 16 and 48 flocks with 9-16 females and 0-4 males per flock. The White Leghorn strains used had been selected either for egg mass or age at sexual maturity, or were unselected. Age at 50% egg production, rate of lay, survival rate, egg weight, egg...
Factors affecting lying behaviour and stall utilization of dairy cattle
Contributor(s):: Arave, C. W., Walters, J. L.
Stall usage under relatively uncrowded conditions by 59 dry Holstein cows and 18 heifers in late pregnancy were evaluated during 24-h periods. Left laterality (lying down on the left side) was observed 74.7 plus or minus 1.1% of the time for cows and 61.8 plus or minus 2.7% of the time for...
Fearful behavior by caged hens of two genetic stocks
Contributor(s):: Craig, J. V., Craig, T. P., Dayton, A. D.
Two White Leghorn strains which had both been selected for increased part-year egg mass but differed significantly from each other in agonistic behaviour, and sire families within each strain, were compared for nervousness scores and for latencies to feed and to return to normal activity after...
Relationship between production factors and dominance in White Leghorn hens in a study on social rank and cage design
Contributor(s):: Cunningham, D. L., Tienhoven, A. van
The effects of social rank and cage shape on feeding frequency, weight gain, production rate, egg size, shell strength and overt aggressive activity were determined for layers housed 6 per cage in deep and shallow cages. Social rank significantly affected feeding frequency, production rate, egg...
The influence of social interactions upon the performance of laying hens in battery cages
Contributor(s):: Hughes, B. O., Black, A. J.
The importance of social interaction and dominance relationships in influencing egg production in battery cages was assessed. A light and a medium hybrid (Shaver 288 and Thornber 909) were housed as single birds, as pairs of the same strain or as mixed pairs. The light hybrid was more aggressive...
A note on the influence of visual conspecific contact on the behaviour of sheltered dogs
Contributor(s):: Wells, D. L., Hepper, P. G.
The effects of visual contact with other dogs on the behaviour of dogs housed in a rescue shelter were examined. 407 dogs were studied: 212 dogs were housed in cages that allowed for visual contact with dogs in opposite pens; 195 dogs were deprived of visual contact with other dogs by being...
Behaviour and distribution of fattening pigs in the multi-activity pen
Contributor(s):: Simonsen, H. B.
Five groups of fattening pigs were observed in an experimental multi-activity pen with environmental enrichment. The pen measuring 36 msuperscript 2 included sections containing straw, feed and water connected by two corridors. In addition the pigs had access to straw racks, a shower and...
Behaviour and production of laying hens in three prototypes of cages incorporating nests
Contributor(s):: Sherwin, C. M., Nicol, C. J.
Laying hens were housed in groups of 4 in 3 prototypes of cage, each incorporating 4 roll-away nest hollows. Observation on behaviour and production were conducted for 111 days. The hens consistently laid eggs in the nests despite their rudimentary design. The choice of nest for oviposition was...
Behaviour of fattening pigs in a labyrinth pen with environmental variation
Contributor(s):: Simonsen, H. B., Agger, J. F.
Social interactions and the use of feeders, water nipples and a shower were recorded for 8 pigs in an experimental pen. The incidence rate of the total number of social interactions was highest (3.55 per 15 pig-minutes) in the water supply section and lowest in the straw section (1.97 per 15...
Behavioural reaction of individual pigs raised in different environments to a novel object and to handling at slaughter in relation to measurements of the adrenal cortex
Contributor(s):: Rasmussen, A. A.
Effect of housing on in situ postures of gestating gilts
Contributor(s):: Taylor, L., Friend, T., Smith, L. A.
Behaviour of gilts housed in tethered housing, crates, loose housing or dirtlot was video-recorded for 48-h observation periods commencing on days 0, 7 and 63. Lying was the most frequent activity, ranging from 65 to 90