Single- or Pair-Housed: Which Is Better for Captive Southern Tamanduas?
Contributor(s):: Catapani, Mariana Labão, Pires, José Salatiel Rodrigues, Vasconcellos, Angélica da Silva
The captive environment can limit some important behavioral options for nonhuman animals, which often results in decreased welfare. The companion of a conspecific can be a source of complexity in captivity, but this aspect has received little attention for solitary species. This study...
Preference of dairy cows: Indoor cubicle housing with access to a total mixed ration vs. access to pasture
Contributor(s):: Charlton, Gemma L., Rutter, Steven Mark, East, Martyn, Sinclair, Liam A.
Cattle are grazing animals so it is generally assumed that pasture is a welfare friendly system as it is natural and allows the expression of normal behaviour, which may be restricted indoors. However, high yielding dairy cows may not be able to fulfil their nutritional demands from grass alone...
The course of parturition in two sow genotypes and two hut designs under free-range conditions
Contributor(s):: Schild, S. L. A., Rangstrup-Christensen, L., Thorsen, C. K., Bonde, M. K., Pedersen, L. J.
High piglet mortality remains a major challenge in outdoor pig production. The use of hyper prolific sow genotypes giving birth to large litters may prolong parturition and cause parturition-related problems under outdoor conditions where birth assistance cannot easily be provided. Therefore, the...
"Pets Negotiable": How Do the Perspectives of Landlords and Property Managers Compare with Those of Younger Tenants with Dogs?
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Taryn M. Graham, Katrina J. Milaney, Cindy L. Adams, Melanie J Rock
In rental housing policy, pets are rarely considered as valued household members. Instead, landlords and property managers are often permitted to ban pets outright, or to advertise them as merely negotiable in their listings for rental housing. In fact, previous research has shown that moving...
The welfare of ornamental fish in the home aquarium
| Contributor(s):: Chris Walster, Ellen Rasidi, Nick Saint-Erne, Richmond Loh
A Comparison of Cats (Felis silvestris catus) Housed in Groups and Single Cages at a Shelter: A Retrospective Matched Cohort Study
| Contributor(s):: Malini Suchak, Jacalyn Lamica
When cats are relinquished to shelters, they frequently experience a great deal of stress. Shelters often try to control certain aspects of their environment, such as housing, to help them relax. Some cats are placed in small group rooms upon entry, whereas others are placed in single cages....
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
No Room to Swing a Cat? Animal Treatment and Urban Space in Singapore
| Contributor(s):: Ying-kit Chan
Since Singapore's independence in 1965, the People's Action Party government has launched an extensive urban planning program to transform the island into a modern metropolis. This paper discusses human-animal relations and the management of stray cats in postcolonial Singapore. In...
The current state of welfare, housing and husbandry of the English pet rabbit population
| Contributor(s):: Rooney, N. J., Blackwell, E. J., Mullan, S. M., Saunders, R., Baker, P. E., Hill, J. M., Sealey, C. E., Turner, M. J., Held, S. D.
A critically appraised topic (CAT) to compare the effects of single and multi-cat housing on physiological and behavioural measures of stress in domestic cats in confined environments
| Contributor(s):: Lauren R Finka, Sarah LH Ellis, Jenny Stavisky
BackgroundDomestic cats have evolved from solitary, asocial predators and whilst they may display social behaviours, they can still exist as solitary survivors. Over-population and relinquishment of pet cats are ubiquitous problems worldwide, and rehoming centres (also known as rescues/ shelters)...
Information Resources on the Care and Welfare of Dairy Cattle
| Contributor(s):: Cynthia P. Smith
This document contains two introductory articles written by experts in the farm animal welfare field from North America and Europe respectively. Each article ends with a list of references cited by the author. The second section of this publication consists of an extensive bibliography...
The impact of light, noise, cage cleaning and in-house transport on welfare and stress of laboratory rats
| Contributor(s):: Castelhano-Carlos, M. J., Baumans, V.
Human interaction and physical environmental factors are part of the stimuli presented to laboratory animals everyday, influencing their behaviour and physiology and contributing to their welfare. Certain environmental conditions and routine procedures in the animal facility might induce stress...
Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning
| Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.
A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...
Behavioural effects of environmental enrichment for individually caged rabbits
| Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L.
The behavioural effects of providing 60 male New Zealand laboratory rabbits with one of four objects in their individual cages as environmental enrichment were investigated. The rabbits were assigned to one of 5 treatments by a random procedure; hay in a water bottle, grass-cubes, two gnawing...
Effects of straw bedding and high fibre diets on the behaviour of floor fed group-housed sows
| Contributor(s):: Whittaker, X., Edwards, S. A., Spoolder, H. A. M., Lawrence, A. B., Corning, S.
Twenty groups of 7 multiparous Landrace x Large White sows were used in a 2 x 2 factorial design to investigate the effects on behaviour of floor feeding sows the same daily weight of isoenergetic conventional (C) or high fibre (H containing 600 g of unmolassed sugar beet pulp/kg diet) pregnancy...
Noise in dog kennelling: is barking a welfare problem for dogs?
| Contributor(s):: Sales, G., Hubrecht, R., Peyvandi, A., Milligan, S., Shield, B.
Noise levels (sound pressure levels, SPLs) were monitored over 24 and 48 h in a number of different types of kennels including shelters, training establishments and research laboratories. Two measures of SPL were used, Lpeak and Leq, over both low (1 Hz-20 kHz) and high (12.5-70 kHz) frequency...
Effects of mixed-species stocking and space allowance on the behaviour and growth of red deer hinds and ewes at pasture
| Contributor(s):: Blanc, F., Theriez, M., Brelurut, A.
A study was conducted to test whether the effects of space allowance on social interactions, activity patterns and growth rates of hinds reared at pasture in single-species groups, were modified by mixing them with ewes. 30 red deer hinds (10 months old) from the same breeding group and 30 ewes...
The behavioural and physiological responses of farmed red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) penned adjacent to other species
| Contributor(s):: Abeyesinghe, S. M., Goddard, P. J., Cockram, M. S.
This experiment describes the implications of red deer being kept in pens in close proximity to other species as may occur during abattoir lairage. 20 groups of 5 male yearling red deer were used to study behavioural and physiological responses over a 2-h period to 1 of 5 treatments: red deer...
The effects of some factors associated with transportation on the behavioural and physiological reactions of farmed red deer
| Contributor(s):: Grigor, P. N., Goddard, P. J., Cockram, M. S., Rennie, S. C., Macdonald, A. J.
The effects of several aspects of transportation on the behavioural and physiological responses of red deer (Cervus elaphus) were studied. In two experiments conducted in winter and summer, two groups of five adult male castrated red deer (housed at a space allowance of 2.7 msuperscript 2 per...
The relationship between trough height, feather cover and behaviour of laying hens in modified cages
| Contributor(s):: Freire, R., Walker, A., Nicol, C. J.
The feather condition and behaviour of ISA Brown laying hens in modified cages with elevated (28 cm above floor) and conventional (6 cm above floor) height feed troughs were measured at 32-34 and 56-59 weeks of age. Feather cover was generally better at the younger age than the older, and in...