The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
"Pets Negotiable": How Do the Perspectives of Landlords and Property Managers Compare with Those of Younger Tenants with Dogs?
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| Contributor(s):: Taryn M. Graham, Katrina J. Milaney, Cindy L. Adams, Melanie J Rock
In rental housing policy, pets are rarely considered as valued household members. Instead, landlords and property managers are often permitted to ban pets outright, or to advertise them as merely negotiable in their listings for rental housing. In fact, previous research has shown that moving...
A Comparison of Cats (Felis silvestris catus) Housed in Groups and Single Cages at a Shelter: A Retrospective Matched Cohort Study
| Contributor(s):: Malini Suchak, Jacalyn Lamica
When cats are relinquished to shelters, they frequently experience a great deal of stress. Shelters often try to control certain aspects of their environment, such as housing, to help them relax. Some cats are placed in small group rooms upon entry, whereas others are placed in single cages....
No Room to Swing a Cat? Animal Treatment and Urban Space in Singapore
| Contributor(s):: Ying-kit Chan
Since Singapore's independence in 1965, the People's Action Party government has launched an extensive urban planning program to transform the island into a modern metropolis. This paper discusses human-animal relations and the management of stray cats in postcolonial Singapore. In...
The Reasonable Pet: An Examination of the Enforcement of Restrictions in California Common Interest Developments After Nahrstedt v. Lakeside Village Condominium Ass'n, Inc.
| Contributor(s):: Daniel R. Puterbaugh
Thirty-two million Americans live in common interest developments (CIDs);1 this amounts to one out of eight U.S. residents.2 Of those thirty-two million, nearly one-fifth are in California,3 representing a full twenty percent of the state'spopulation.4 Further, given the popularity...
Head partitions at the feed barrier affect behaviour of goats
| Contributor(s):: Nordmann, E., Barth, K., Futschik, A., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
Space allowance at the feeding places often forces goats to feed in close proximity, that is, less than their individual distances. In consequence, agonistic behaviour may increase as well as stress and injuries, while access to feed may decrease, especially in low-ranking goats. Partitions...
A critically appraised topic (CAT) to compare the effects of single and multi-cat housing on physiological and behavioural measures of stress in domestic cats in confined environments
| Contributor(s):: Lauren R Finka, Sarah LH Ellis, Jenny Stavisky
BackgroundDomestic cats have evolved from solitary, asocial predators and whilst they may display social behaviours, they can still exist as solitary survivors. Over-population and relinquishment of pet cats are ubiquitous problems worldwide, and rehoming centres (also known as rescues/ shelters)...
Associations of behaviour with secretory immunoglobulin A and cortisol in domestic cats during their first week in an animal shelter
| Contributor(s):: Gourkow, N., LaVoy, A., Dean, G. A., Phillips, C. J. C.
We tested the hypothesis that during their first week in an animal shelter, cats exhibit groups of behaviours that are connected to mucosal immune and adrenal responses. The behaviour of 34 cats was observed from admission to day 5 and immunoglobulin A (S-IgA) and cortisol were quantified from...
Housing of female mice in a new environment and its influence on post-surgical behaviour and recovery
| Contributor(s):: Jirkof, P., Cesarovic, N., Rettich, A., Arras, M.
Condo pet policies and the Fair Housing Act: Dubois v. Association of Apartment Owners
| Contributor(s):: Roger Bernhardt
This article discusses a Ninth Circuit case where plaintiffs unsuccessfully claimed violation of the Fair Housing Act because the homeowners association had never refused to make the requested accommodation.
Pet ownership: its effect on allergy and respiratory symptoms
| Contributor(s):: Bener, A., Mobayed, H., Sattar, H. A., Al-Mohammed, A. A., Ibrahimi, A. S., Sabbah, A.
The impact of light, noise, cage cleaning and in-house transport on welfare and stress of laboratory rats
| Contributor(s):: Castelhano-Carlos, M. J., Baumans, V.
Human interaction and physical environmental factors are part of the stimuli presented to laboratory animals everyday, influencing their behaviour and physiology and contributing to their welfare. Certain environmental conditions and routine procedures in the animal facility might induce stress...
Alternative housing for sows and litters 1. Effects of sow-controlled housing on responses to weaning
| Contributor(s):: Pajor, E. A., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.
A sow-controlled housing system and its affects on production and welfare problems resulting from the abrupt separation of piglets from sows at weaning was investigated. 44 sows and litters were housed during lactation in either a 'confined' pen where the sow and litter were kept together, or a...
Alternative housing for sows and litters: 2. Effects of a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance
| Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Ross, S. K., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.
An experiment was conducted to determine how allowing piglets access to a communal area affects pre-weaning and post-weaning behaviour and performance. Litters were housed in pens with sows in crates until piglets reached 11 days of age. For 10 experimental cohorts, barriers between the pens of...
Behavioural effects of environmental enrichment for individually caged rabbits
| Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L.
The behavioural effects of providing 60 male New Zealand laboratory rabbits with one of four objects in their individual cages as environmental enrichment were investigated. The rabbits were assigned to one of 5 treatments by a random procedure; hay in a water bottle, grass-cubes, two gnawing...
Effects of grouping piglets and changing sow location on suckling behaviour and performance
| Contributor(s):: Wattanakul, W., Stewart, A. H., Edwards, S. A., English, P. R.
36 sows and litters were used to study how suckling behaviour was influenced by grouping of piglets and changing sow location under controlled conditions. Control sows (C) remained in farrowing pens with crates until weaning at 28 days. In treatment 1 (T1), piglets from 3 litters were grouped in...
Effects of straw bedding and high fibre diets on the behaviour of floor fed group-housed sows
| Contributor(s):: Whittaker, X., Edwards, S. A., Spoolder, H. A. M., Lawrence, A. B., Corning, S.
Twenty groups of 7 multiparous Landrace x Large White sows were used in a 2 x 2 factorial design to investigate the effects on behaviour of floor feeding sows the same daily weight of isoenergetic conventional (C) or high fibre (H containing 600 g of unmolassed sugar beet pulp/kg diet) pregnancy...
Noise in dog kennelling: is barking a welfare problem for dogs?
| Contributor(s):: Sales, G., Hubrecht, R., Peyvandi, A., Milligan, S., Shield, B.
Noise levels (sound pressure levels, SPLs) were monitored over 24 and 48 h in a number of different types of kennels including shelters, training establishments and research laboratories. Two measures of SPL were used, Lpeak and Leq, over both low (1 Hz-20 kHz) and high (12.5-70 kHz) frequency...
Oestrus and mating behaviour in gilts during boar induced puberty in relation to stress and housing
| Contributor(s):: Pedersen, L. J., Jensen, K. H., Giersing Linder, A.
The effect of intermittent electroshock and individual vs. pair housing on sexual proceptive behaviour was studied in 48 large White x Danish Landrace gilts. In addition, the effect of intermittent electroshock on the behavioural response to boar stimulation and on sexual receptivity during first...
A note on the effect of isolation during testing and length of previous confinement on locomotor behaviour during open-field test in dairy calves
| Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.
This study investigated firstly if confined calves perform more locomotor behaviour when open-field tested in pairs than when tested individually, and secondly if length of confinement affects the build-up of motivation to perform locomotor behaviour. In the first experiment, 14 calves were...
Effects of mixed-species stocking and space allowance on the behaviour and growth of red deer hinds and ewes at pasture
| Contributor(s):: Blanc, F., Theriez, M., Brelurut, A.
A study was conducted to test whether the effects of space allowance on social interactions, activity patterns and growth rates of hinds reared at pasture in single-species groups, were modified by mixing them with ewes. 30 red deer hinds (10 months old) from the same breeding group and 30 ewes...