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  1. Human-Carnivore Relations: Conflicts, Tolerance and Coexistence in the American West

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mónica Expósito-Granados, Antonio J Castro, Jorge Lozano, Jose A Aznar-Sanchez, Neil H Carter, Juan M Requena-Mullor, Aurelio F Malo, Agnieszka Olszańska, Zebensui Morales-Reyes, Marcos Moleón, José A Sánchez-Zapata, Ainara Cortés-Avizanda, Joern Fischer, Berta Martín-López

    Carnivore and humans live in proximity due to carnivore recovery efforts and ongoing human encroachment into carnivore habitats globally. The American West is a region that uniquely exemplifies these human-carnivore dynamics, however, it is unclear how the research community here integrates...

  2. Human-Black Bear Conflicts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carl W. Lackey, Stewart W. Breck, Brian F. Wakeling, Bryant White

    Most human–black bear (Ursus americanus) conflict occurs when people make anthropogenic foods like garbage, dog food, domestic poultry, or fruit trees available to bears. Bears change their behavior to take advantage of these resources and may damage property or cause public safety...

  3. An analysis of human–black bear conflict in Utah

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Julie Ann Miller, Tom S. Smith, Janene Auger, Hal Black, Loreen Allphin

    Conflict between black bears (Ursus americanus) and humans has occurred in Utah, but the records are largely incomplete. To document these events, the Utah Division of Wildlife Resources initiated a black bear sightings and encounters database in 2003, and we updated it. From 2003–2013,...

  4. Proceedings of the Seventeenth Wildlife Damage Management Conference, Orange Beach, AL, February 26-March 1, 2017

    Full-text: Available

    Proceedings full document

  5. Human-Bear Interactions Among Black Bears in Bryce Canyon National Park, Utah, and Polar Bears on Alaska's North Slope

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Wesley G. Larson

    Human-bear interactions are an important consideration of bear biology, as interactions can lead to destruction of property as well as injury or death for both human and bear. Successful analysis of why these interactions occur can lead to appropriate preventative measures and mitigation of...

  6. Human development and climate affect hibernation in a large carnivore with implications for human–carnivore conflicts

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heather E. Johnson, David L. Lewis, Tana L. Verzuh, Cody F. Wallace, Rebecca M. Much, Lyle K. Willmarth, Stewart W. Breck

    1. Expanding human development and climate change are dramatically altering habitat conditions for wildlife. While the initial response of wildlife to changing environmental conditions is typically a shift in behavior, little is known about the effects of these stressors on hibernation...

  7. The Evolution of Animals through Domestication and other Human Relationships: An Animal-Centered Approach

    | Contributor(s):: Steven Michael Ammerman

    As a component of the environment themselves, humans maintain a mutualistic modifying process with that environment. The interaction between humans and animals has led to different categories of relationships—commensal animals, tame animals, domesticated animals, and feral animals. In the...

  8. Behavior of Scandinavian brown bears when encountered by dogs and humans

    | Contributor(s):: Stine Emilie Noding Hansen

    The Scandinavian brown bear population was persecuted in the last half of the 1800s and almost went extinct. They got protected in Sweden in 1927 and in Norway in 1973, and have since reached a level that can be hunted. The bears choose areas with as little human activity as possible, but...

  9. Science, policy, and the public discourse of shark "attacks": a proposal for reclassifying human-shark interactions.

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher Neff, Robert E. Hueter

    There are few phrases in the Western world that evoke as much emotion or as powerful an image as the words “shark” and “attack.” However, not all “shark attacks” are created equal. Under current labels, listings of shark attack may even include instances where...

  10. Depredatory impact of free-roaming dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) on Mediterranean deer in southern Spain: implications for the human-wolf conflict.

    | Contributor(s):: J. Duarte, F.J. Garcia, JE Fa

    Feral dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) are efficient wild ungulate hunters in many parts of the world. This has not been confirmed in Mediterranean ecosystems. However, if feral dogs can predate upon wild Mediterranean ungulates, they can also do so upon livestock. Therefore, to more realistically...

  11. Conflict between human and animal the case of endangered species

    | Contributor(s):: Yuvraj Dilip Patil

    Conflict between humans and animals are major problem in many parts of India. The damage and destruction caused by a variety of animals to human property and sometimes to human life is a real and significant danger to many human communities. With the animals often killed, captured or otherwise...

  12. Big Cats in Our Backyards: Persistence of Large Carnivores in a Human Dominated Landscape in India

    | Contributor(s):: Vidya Athreya, Morten Odden, John D.C. Linnell, Jagdish Krishnaswamy, Ullas Karanth

    Protected areas are extremely important for the long term viability of biodiversity in a densely populated country like India where land is a scarce resource. However, protected areas cover only 5% of the land area in India and in the case of large carnivores that range widely, human use...

  13. Behaviour of brown bears (Ursus arctos) when repeatedly approached by humans on foot

    | Contributor(s):: Nina Emilie Stenset

    Knowledge about encounters between humans and wildlife is important for conservation, management and policymaking, as well as for reducing conflict and negative interactions. There is general concern that an increased number of encounters might reduce wildlife flight responses. I investigated the...

  14. Effect of mountain biking on red deer (Cervus elaphus) in Kaupanger, Norway

    | Contributor(s):: Janneke Scholten

    Human outdoor activities, like mountain biking, often affect animal behaviour. Ungulates might avoid roads and trails, and increase their avoidance with increasing human activity. Recently, biking on forest trails has increased considerably in Norway, but we still have limited knowledge about how...

  15. Effects of the white man's settlement on wild animals in the Mary's River Valley

    | Contributor(s):: Robert M. Storm

    A large per cent of the recent publications in natural history and related subjects give evidence of a great depletion in our supply o native wild animals, due mainly to encroachments on territory and depredations on number by the white man. This fact is quite obvious to anyone who will turn for...

  16. Cougar-Human Entanglements on Vancouver Island: Relational Agency and Space

    | Contributor(s):: Rosemary-Claire Magdeleine Solange Collard

    Vancouver Island is home to what is estimated to be the densest cougar population in North America. Over the last century and a half, cougar and human residents of the Island have not co-existed peacefully. From government-sponsored bounty hunts of cougars to cougar attacks on children,...

  17. Silence and Denial in Everyday Life - The Case of Animal Suffering

    | Contributor(s):: Deidre Wicks

    How can we make sense of the fact that we live in a world where good people co-exist in silence about widespread animal suffering. How is it that sites of suffering such as laboratories, factory farms, abattoirs and animal transportation are all around us and yet we 'do not, in a certain sense,...

  18. Summary of the Workshop on Harbor Porpoise Mortalities and Human Interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Nancy J. Haley, Andrew J. Read

    Sixty-four harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)strandings were reported from Maine to North Carolina between January and June, 1993 (Table I, Figure I). Fifty of these harbor porpoises stranded in the Mid-Atlantic region (New York - North Carolina) between 23 February and IS May 1993 (Figures...

  19. Human-Wildlife (The Ethiopian Wolf and Gelada Baboon) Conflict In and Around the Simien Mountains National Park

    | Contributor(s):: Yihune Mesele

    This study documents human-wildlife (the Ethiopian wolf and gelada baboon) conflict in and around the Simien Mountains National Park. Data were collected in between September, 2005 up to March, 2006 with fragmented short term stay by means of face-to-face questionnaire interview and by direct...

  20. Human-Wildlife Conflict Involving Ethiopian Wolf (Canis simensis) and Gelada Baboon (Theropithicus gelada) in and around Guassa Community Comservation Area, North Shoa, Ethiopia

    | Contributor(s):: Andarge Engedasew

    A study on human - wildlife conflict involving Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) and gelada baboon (Theropithicus gelada) in and around Guassa Community Conservation Area was conducted from September, 2009 to May, 2010. The objective of this study was to fill information gap on human wildlife...