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  1. The Evolution of Animals through Domestication and other Human Relationships: An Animal-Centered Approach

    Contributor(s):: Steven Michael Ammerman

    As a component of the environment themselves, humans maintain a mutualistic modifying process with that environment. The interaction between humans and animals has led to different categories of relationships—commensal animals, tame animals, domesticated animals, and feral animals. In the...

  2. The Human and Animal Bond in The Red Pony

    Contributor(s):: Chaker Mohamed Ben Ali

    John Steinbeck perceives the natural world in The Red Pony as uncaring and unforgiving and predatory since it is full of predators which are in a constant conflict against one another. Such a conflict occurs either between animals and animals or between humans and animals or between humans and...

  3. The needs of emerging commercial farmers in Namibia in relation to human-carnivore conflict

    Contributor(s):: Bonnie Schumann

    Carnivore species globally are on the decline and population extinctions continue despite intensive conservation efforts. In Namibia, although 13.6 % of the country falls under the protection of national parks or game reserves, most of these protected areas are situated along the coastline and...

  4. Attacks by Packs of Dogs Involving Predation on Human Beings

    Contributor(s):: Peter L. Borchelt, Randall Lockwood, Alan M. Beck, Victoria L. Voith

    Dog bites are a medical problem for millions of people, children being the most common victims.Human deaths attributable to dog bite injury (not rabies) are relatively infrequent. There have beensome epidemiologic reviews, but this study is the first attempt to arrive at an understanding of...

  5. Medical costs and other aspects of dog bites in Baltimore

    Contributor(s):: David R. Berzon, John B. DeHoff

    INJURIES CAUSED BY DOG BITES havegrown to epidemic proportions in recent yearsand are now of major public health significance.Animal bites may lead to dangerous viral andbacterial infections, such as rabies, pasteurellosis,and tetanus, and the injuries may result in permanentscars, severe...

  6. Summary of the Workshop on Harbor Porpoise Mortalities and Human Interactions

    Contributor(s):: Nancy J. Haley, Andrew J. Read

    Sixty-four harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena)strandings were reported from Maine to North Carolina between January and June, 1993 (Table I, Figure I). Fifty of these harbor porpoises stranded in the Mid-Atlantic region (New York - North Carolina) between 23 February and IS May 1993 (Figures...

  7. Human-Wildlife Conflict Across Urbanization Gradients: Spatial, Social, and Ecological Factors

    Contributor(s):: Amanda H. Gilleland

    As suburban and exurban residential developments continue to multiply in urban areas, they encroach on wildlife habitats leading to increased human-wildlife interactions. The animals involved in direct conflict with homeowners are often relocated or exterminated by the homeowners. Often the...

  8. Tales of Cruelty and Belonging: In Search of an Ethic for Urban Human-Wildlife Relations

    Contributor(s):: Erin Luther

    In the summer of 2011, a Toronto resident was charged with animal cruelty for beating a litter of ‘nuisance’ raccoons in his backyard with a shovel. The subsequent media furore, and the organisation of a local anti-raccoon rally, revealed deep tensions in narratives of urban belonging. This paper...

  9. Examining Human-Elephant Conflict in Southern Africa: Causes and Options for Coexistence

    Contributor(s):: M. Zoe Warner

    Though African elephants (Loxodonta africana) are listed as endangered by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN), efforts to protect and conserve the species have been complicated by human-elephant conflict (HEC). Land conflicts may be the greatest...