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Tags: Human-animal interactions + Animal welfare

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  1. The impact of an introductory animal handling course on undergraduate students who lack previous livestock handling experience

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer M Bundy, Jodi A Sterle, Anna K Johnson, Gregory T Krahn

    A majority of animal science undergraduates have limited livestock handling experience when they come to college. To address this issue, a course based on livestock handling, safety and welfare was implemented in the Department of Animal Science at Iowa State University. This study aimed to 1)...

  2. Fetching Interactive Dog Occupier (FIDO)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hannah Katherine Brown, Rebecca Ruth Renner, Michael Ezra Goldman, Domenic James Mucci, Harry Atwood Lanphear, Gregory F. Shannon

    Dogs require exercise and play to stimulate them both mentally and physically, frequently through the game of “fetch”. However, physically disabled dog owners may lack the strength or endurance to play with their pets. We developed a prototype for an autonomous fetching...

  3. Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions: A One Health-One Welfare Systemic Approach to Studying HAI

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Leconstant, C., Spitz, E.

    The Integrative Model of Human-Animal Interactions (IMHAI) described herewith provides a conceptual framework for the study of interspecies interactions and aims to model the primary emotional processes involved in human-animal interactions. This model was developed from theoretical inputs from...

  4. Spatial Design of Guest Feeding Programs and Their Effects on Giraffe Participation and Social Interactions

    | Contributor(s):: Ramis, Fatima, Mohr, Michaela, Kohn, Gregory, Gibson, Quincy, Bashaw, Meredith, Maloney, Dan, Maple, Terry

  5. Is Dog Owner Obesity a Risk Factor for Canine Obesity? A "One-Health" Study on Human-Animal Interaction in a Region with a High Prevalence of Obesity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Suarez, L., Bautista-Castaño, I., Peña Romera, C., Montoya-Alonso, J. A., Corbera, J. A.

    Obesity in humans is a growing global problem and is one of the greatest public health challenges we face today. Most researchers agree that, as in humans, the incidence in the companion animal population is also increasing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors contributing to...

  6. Understanding and Conceptualizing Childhood Animal Harm: A Meta-Narrative Systematic Review

    | Contributor(s):: Wauthier, Laura M., Williams, Joanne M.

    Several perspectives inform research on Childhood Animal Cruelty (CAC), but these perspectives are poorly integrated with each other and there is little dialogue with the rest of the child–animal interaction (CAI) literature. This study reviews the current empirical and theoretical literature on...

  7. Facility dogs in educational programs for young children: Definition, rationale, issues, and implementation

    | Contributor(s):: Jalongo, Mary Renck, Permenter, Faithe A., Conrad, Kristina

    A facility dog in a school is a comparatively recent category of working dog. These dogs typically are trained at the assistance, or service dog, level and are thoroughly prepared for their role. The school facility dog accompanies an owner/handler, who is a professional employee of the school,...

  8. Perceived importance of specific kennel management practices for the provision of canine welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Cobb, M. L., Carter, A., Lill, A., Bennett, P. C.

    There is public interest for the welfare of dogs that spend at least part of their lives housed in kennel facilities, such as working, shelter and sporting dogs. The impacts of living in environments that limit social, physical, and behavioral opportunities are generally well understood in other...

  9. The Animal-Human Interface in Farm Animal Production: Animal Fear, Stress, Reproduction and Welfare

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Acharya, R. Y., Hemsworth, P. H., Coleman, G. J., Kinder, J. E.

    A negative human-animal relationship (HAR) from the perspective of the animal is a limiting factor affecting farm animal welfare, as well as farm animal productivity. Research in farm animals has elucidated sequential relationships between stockperson attitudes, stockperson behaviour, farm...

  10. Urbanisation, the Peri-urban Growth and Zoonotic Disease

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Linda Waldman

    Ebola has had significant, negative effects in the rapidly expanding, unregulated areas of peri-urban and urban West Africa. The residents of these areas maintain vital connections with rural populations while intermingling with and living in close proximity to urban and elite populations....

  11. Center for Human-Animal Interactions Research and Education

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Kelly George

    Human-animal interactions (HAI) are an integral part of society and have become the topic of many discussions across a variety of contexts, including: media, scientific research, food production, one health, conservation, and welfare and behavior. Many argue that the resilience and...

  12. Researchers, not dogs, lack control in an experiment on jealousy

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer Vonk

    Cook and colleagues (2018) have developed a clever method to measure fMRI in awake dogs in response to a number of interesting stimuli. As a result, they are able to determine neural correlates of observable behavior. They report that dogs may experience something akin to jealousy because they...

  13. Recommendations for Transdisciplinary Professional Competencies and Ethics for Animal-Assisted Therapies and Interventions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Trevathan-Minnis, M., Johnson, A., Howie, A. R.

    AAI is a transdisciplinary field that has grown exponentially in recent decades. This growth has not always been synergistic across fields, creating a need for more consistent language and standards, a call for which many professionals in the field have made. Under the umbrella of human-animal...

  14. Human Positioning in Close-Encounter Photographs and the Effect on Public Perceptions of Zoo Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shaw, M. N., McLeod, E. M., Borrie, W. T., Miller, K. K.

    With the rising popularity of social media, conservation organisations and zoos need to understand its impact on public perceptions of the animals they house and their role in conservation. In addition, many zoos offer close-encounter experiences, and visitors frequently share images from these...

  15. “Rabbit Rescuers”: A School-Based Animal Welfare Education Intervention for Young Children

    | Contributor(s):: Williams, Joanne M., Cardoso, Mayra Padilla, Zumaglini, Silvia, Finney, Amy L., Knoll, Monja A.

  16. Current Advances in Assessment of Dog's Emotions, Facial Expressions, and Their Use for Clinical Recognition of Pain

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Mota-Rojas, D., Marcet-Rius, M., Ogi, A., Hernández-Ávalos, I., Mariti, C., Martínez-Burnes, J., Mora-Medina, P., Casas, A., Domínguez, A., Reyes, B., Gazzano, A.

    Animals' facial expressions are involuntary responses that serve to communicate the emotions that individuals feel. Due to their close co-existence with humans, broad attention has been given to identifying these expressions in certain species, especially dogs. This review aims to analyze...

  17. Pet-Friendly for Whom? An Analysis of Pet Fees in Texas Rental Housing

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Applebaum, J. W., Horecka, K., Loney, L., Graham, T. M.

    Previous studies have underscored the difficulty low-income pet owners often face when attempting to secure affordable rental housing. Further exacerbating this housing disparity are fees charged on top of normal monthly rent to pet owners in "pet-friendly" rental housing. In this...

  18. Considering animals in rehabilitation psychology

    | Contributor(s):: Hansen, Tia G. B., Glintborg, Chalotte

  19. Influence of handler relationships and experience on health parameters, glucocorticoid responses and behaviour of semi-captive Asian elephants

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Crawley, J. A. H., Liehrmann, O., Franco Dos Santos, D. J., Brown, J., Nyein, U. K., Aung, H. H., Htut, W., Oo, Z. M., Seltmann, M. W., Webb, J. L., Lahdenperä, M., Lummaa, V.

    Declining wild populations combined with accumulating captive populations of e.g. livestock, pets, draught and zoo animals have resulted in some threatened species with substantial proportions of their populations in captivity. The interactions animals have with humans in captivity depend on...

  20. The Animal Welfare Science of Working Dogs: Current Perspectives on Recent Advances and Future Directions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cobb, M. L., Otto, C. M., Fine, A. H.

    Working dogs are prevalent throughout our societies, assisting people in diverse contexts, from explosives detection and livestock herding, to therapy partners. Our scientific exploration and understanding of animal welfare have grown dramatically over the last decade. As community attitudes...