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Tags: Social behavior

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  1. Two's company? Solitary vixens’ motivations for seeking social contact

    Contributor(s):: Hovland, Anne Lene, Akre, Anne Kathrine, Flø, Andreas, Bakken, Morten, Koistinen, Tarja, Mason, Georgia J.

    The flexible social organisation in red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) suggests that social contact could enrich the housing of silver fox vixens (a selected line of red foxes) farmed for their fur. To investigate their social motivation, adult vixens housed in an operant apparatus were allowed to pull a...

  2. The relationship between the comb and social behaviour in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: O’Connor, Emily A., Saunders, John E., Grist, Hannah, McLeman, Morven A., Wathes, Christopher M., Abeyesinghe, Siobhan M.

    The question of whether attributes of the combs of laying hens have any consistent relationship with dominance behaviour has yet to be answered unequivocally. This study sought to address this by investigating whether a relationship existed between the competitive ability of hens within stable...

  3. Motivation for social contact in horses measured by operant conditioning

    Contributor(s):: Søndergaard, Eva, Jensen, Margit Bak, Nicol, Christine J.

    Although horses are social animals they are often housed individually with limited social contact to other horses and this may compromise their welfare. The present study included eight young female horses and investigated the strength of motivation for access to full social contact, head contact...

  4. Linking the social environment to illness in farm animals

    Contributor(s):: Proudfoot, Kathryn L., Weary, Daniel M., von Keyserlingk, Marina A. G.

    Disease is one of the single largest issues facing food animal agriculture today. Risk factors for various diseases in cattle, swine and chickens include aspects of both the physical and social environment. In this paper we review literature linking the social environment to illness in farm...

  5. The introduction of individual goats into small established groups has serious negative effects on the introduced goat but not on resident goats

    Contributor(s):: Patt, Antonia, Gygax, Lorenz, Wechsler, Beat, Hillmann, Edna, Palme, Rupert, Keil, Nina M.

    The introduction of an individual goat into an established group is likely to result in intense agonistic interactions, which may adversely affect the welfare of both the introduced goat and the resident goats. To assess this situation, we introduced eight horned and eight hornless goats one at a...

  6. Integration into the dairy cow herd: Long-term effects of mother contact during the first twelve weeks of life

    Contributor(s):: Wagner, Kathrin, Barth, Kerstin, Palme, Rupert, Futschik, Andreas, Waiblinger, Susanne

    The objective of this study is to investigate the long-term effects of mother rearing on the ability to cope with the challenge of integration into the cow herd shortly before first parturition. Four groups of heifers with different levels of contact with their mothers during the first twelve...

  7. How can social network analysis contribute to social behavior research in applied ethology?

    Contributor(s):: Makagon, Maja M., McCowan, Brenda, Mench, Joy A.

    Social network analysis is increasingly used by behavioral ecologists and primatologists to describe the patterns and quality of interactions among individuals. We provide an overview of this methodology, with examples illustrating how it can be used to study social behavior in applied contexts....

  8. Feed barrier design affects behaviour and physiology in goats

    Contributor(s):: Nordmann, Eva, Keil, Nina Maria, Schmied-Wagner, Claudia, Graml, Christine, Langbein, Jan, Aschwanden, Janine, von Hof, Jessica, Maschat, Kristina, Palme, Rupert, Waiblinger, Susanne

    Among other things, feed barrier design for goats can differ with regard to ease of leaving, backward view, and presence of physical separation. The aim of our study was to investigate whether the type of feed barrier influences agonistic behaviour and stress. The study involved 55 adult...

  9. Exploring aggression regulation in managed groups of horses Equus caballus

    Contributor(s):: Fureix, Carole, Bourjade, Marie, Henry, Séverine, Sankey, Carol, Hausberger, Martine

    Horses are highly social animals that have evolved to live in social groups. However, in modern husbandry systems, single housing prevails where horses experience social isolation, a challenge-to-welfare factor. One major reason for this single housing is the owners’ concerns that horses may...

  10. Effects of repeated regrouping on horse behaviour and injuries

    Contributor(s):: Christensen, Janne Winther, Søndergaard, Eva, Thodberg, Karen, Halekoh, Ulrich

    Domestic horses are faced with social challenges throughout their lives due to limitations in social contact, space restrictions and frequent changes in social companionship. This is in contrast to natural conditions where horses live in relatively stable harem bands. Currently, little is known...

  11. The effect of stallions on social interactions in domestic and semi feral harems

    Contributor(s):: Granquist, Sandra M., Thorhallsdottir, Anna Gudrun, Sigurjonsdottir, Hrefna

    Earlier research indicates that stallions may supress interactions of their harem members, leading to less stable hierarchies and friendship bonds in harems compared to non-stallion groups. In this paper, the effect of the presense of a stallion on the social behaviour of mares was studied by...

  12. The early behaviour of cow and calf in an individual calving pen

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, Margit Bak

    The aim was to investigate the early behaviour in dairy cows and their calves. Thirty-eight multiparous Danish Holstein Frisian cows and their calves were housed in individual calving pens during the first twelve days post-partum and their behaviour was observed during 24h on days 3, 7 and 11....

  13. Disentangling the effects of weaning stressors on piglets’ behaviour and feed intake: Changing the housing and social environment

    Contributor(s):: Hötzel, Maria J., de Souza, Gisele P. P., Costa, Osmar A. Dalla, Machado Filho, Luiz Carlos P.

    Under farming conditions piglets generally face several simultaneous stressors including separation from the dam, an abrupt change from milk to a solid diet and changes in the social and housing environments. In this study we tested the hypothesis that increasing the number of environmental...

  14. Clustering and synchrony in laying hens: The effect of environmental resources on social dynamics

    Contributor(s):: Collins, Lisa M., Asher, Lucy, Pfeiffer, Dirk U., Browne, William J., Nicol, Christine J.

    Laying hens generally choose to aggregate, but the extent to which the environments in which we house them impact on social group dynamics is not known. In this paper the effect of pen environment on spatial clustering is considered. Twelve groups of four laying hens were studied under three...

  15. Clustered environmental enrichments induce more aggression and stereotypic behaviour than do dispersed enrichments in female mice

    Contributor(s):: Akre, Anne Kathrine, Bakken, Morten, Hovland, Anne Lene, Palme, Rupert, Mason, Georgia

    Adding environmental enrichments to a previously resource-poor cage or enclosure can sometimes cause elevated aggression in socially housed animals, due to competition over the provided resources. Here, using female C57BL/6J mice, we investigated whether the way that environmental enrichments are...

  16. A bio-behavioral study of chronic idiopathic colitis in the rhesus macaque (Macaca mulatta)

    Contributor(s):: Howell, Sue, White, Daniel, Ingram, Sonya, Jackson, Raven, Larin, Jorge, Morales, Pablo, Garcia, Ana Patricia, Hicks, Chassey, Hopper, Kelly, Wagner, Joseph

    This study focused on the bio-social factors that influence chronic idiopathic colitis (CIC) disease in rhesus macaques (Macaca mulatta). A retrospective study of CIC included all colony animals between 2007 and 2009. A prospective study included 36 rhesus macaques treated for CIC in 2008 and...

  17. Assessing synchrony in groups: Are you measuring what you think you are measuring?

    Contributor(s):: Asher, Lucy, Collins, Lisa M.

    Behavioural synchrony has been a popular topic of research in group living animals, but has so far lacked a standard approach. Previous studies have varied greatly in the number of behavioural states they have considered and the size of groups investigated. Here, a model of behavioural synchrony...

  18. Application of pre-partum feeding and social behaviour in predicting risk of developing metritis in crossbred cows

    Contributor(s):: Patbandha, Tapas Kumar, Mohanty, Tushar Kumar, Layek, Siddhartha Shankar, Kumaresan, Arumugam, Behera, Kumaresh

    The present study reports the pre-partum behaviour of crossbred cows and the behavioural markers to predict the risk of developing post-partum metritis in this species. Dry pregnant crossbred cows (n=20) were observed continuously from 3 weeks before calving till the date of calving using video...

  19. Ready to pounce

    Contributor(s):: Grimm, D.

    2019Science3646440522-5250036-807510.1126/science.364.6440.522engCorvallis, Oregon.text

  20. Reliability and Validity Assessment of the Observation of Human-Animal Interaction for Research (OHAIRE) Behavior Coding Tool

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Guerin, N. A., Gabriels, R. L., Germone, M. M., Schuck, S. E. B., Traynor, A., Thomas, K. M., McKenzie, S. J., Slaughter, V., O'Haire, M. E.