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Safewalk: Improving Enrichment and Adoption Rates for Shelter Dogs by Changing Human Behavior
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Contributor(s):: Terri M. Bright, Louise Hadden
Shelter dogs are typically cared for by staff and volunteers. At the Boston location of the Massachusetts Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals, prior to 2009, any member of the public who was older than 16 years of age and attended 1 orientation could walk dogs available for...
Communicating with pet owners about obesity: roles of the veterinary health care team
Contributor(s):: Churchill, J., Ward, E.
Obesity continues to be the most prevalent nutritional problem of dogs and cats as well as one of the most frustrating conditions to treat successfully. Educating and assigning roles to all members of the health care team will improve staff engagement and the consistency and effectiveness of...
Dog breed differences in visual communication with humans
Contributor(s):: Konno, A., Romero, T., Inoue-Murayama, M., Saito, A., Hasegawa, T.
Domestic dogs (Canis familiaris) have developed a close relationship with humans through the process of domestication. In human-dog interactions, eye contact is a key element of relationship initiation and maintenance. Previous studies have suggested that canine ability to produce human-directed...
Food puzzles for cats: feeding for physical and emotional wellbeing
Contributor(s):: Dantas, L. M. S., Delgado, M. M., Johnson, I., Buffington, C. A. T.
Practical relevance: Many pet cats are kept indoors for a variety of reasons (eg, safety, health, avoidance of wildlife predation) in conditions that are perhaps the least natural to them. Indoor housing has been associated with health issues, such as chronic lower urinary tract signs, and...
The Coleman Dog Attitude Scale (C-DAS): development, refinement, validation, and reliability
Contributor(s):: Coleman, J. A., Green, B., Garthe, R. C., Worthington, E. L., Jr., Barker, S. B., Ingram, K. M.
Human-animal interactions have been studied for many years. As the human-animal interaction field continues to grow, the need for measures that adequately assess fundamental human-animal domains (e.g., relationships, interactions, attachments, bonds) also increases. Specifically, attitudes toward...
Characterizing the data in online companion-dog obituaries to assess their usefulness as a source of information about human-animal bonds
Contributor(s):: MacKay, J. R. D., Moore, J., Huntingford, F.
Online pet obituary sites host hundreds of obituaries regarding the passing of companion animals. Often composed by the owner or primary caretaker of the animal, they are a potential source of data about human-animal bonds where there were strong positive human emotions surrounding the animal at...
Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions
Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.
Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...
A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams
Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.
This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....
Interaction with shelter dogs reduces negative affect of adolescents in substance use disorder treatment
Contributor(s):: Ellsworth, L. M., Tragesser, S., Newberry, R. C.
We investigated the effectiveness of a human-animal interaction program, involving dogs from an animal shelter, in improving affect of adolescent males in inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). We hypothesized that adolescents would experience improvements in affect and attitudes...
This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students ( n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....
An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets
Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.
The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...
The effect of reward-handler dissociation on dogs' obedience performance in different conditions
Contributor(s):: Gerencser, L., Kosztolanyi, A., Delanoeije, J., Miklosi, A.
Dogs' responsiveness to instructions of the handler is known to be influenced by several factors. In this study we examined whether reward-handler dissociation has an effect on the obedience performance of family dogs with basic training history. We looked at situations involving human-dog...
The influence of body region, handler familiarity and order of region handled on the domestic cat's response to being stroked
Contributor(s):: Ellis, S. L. H., Thompson, H., Guijarro, C., Zulch, H. E.
The domestic cat is now one of the most common pet species in the Western world. As part of its role as a pet, cats are expected to not only tolerate but enjoy being touched. This study consisted of two experiments, with the first investigating the influence of body region touched and handler...
Children with avoidant or disorganized attachment relate differently to a dog and to humans during a socially stressful situation
Contributor(s):: Wedl, M., Kotrschal, K., Julius, H., Beetz, A.
Human attachment representations are shaped in interaction with the primary caregiver and are generally transferred to further bonding/social partners later in life. According to previous evidence, primary attachment representations acquired with humans do not seem to be transferred to companion...
Are emotionally attached companion animal caregivers conscientious and neurotic? factors that affect the human-companion animal relationship
Contributor(s):: Reevy, G. M., Delgado, M. M.
Few studies have examined how personality traits may be related to the amounts and types of attachments humans have toward companion animals (pets). In this study, 1,098 companion animal guardians (owners) completed a survey that included the Big Five Inventory, the Lexington Attachment to Pets...
Social provisions of the human-animal relationship amongst 30 people living with HIV in Australia
Contributor(s):: Hutton, V. E.
Research on the relationship between humans and animals has identified some links between companion animals and physiological, psychological, and social benefits for the human. Adopting Robert Weiss's (1974) Theory of Social Provisions as a framework, this qualitative study explores the role of...
A new synthesis : resituating approaches to the evolution of human behavior
Contributor(s):: Fuentes, Agustín
Children who supernurture animals: a call for sociological (and other) study
Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.
The author suggests that "to significantly advance our understand-ing of humane behavior and to instill or enhance its presence in children, we need to go “back to the drawing board” and ask somenew questions about kindness toward animals and use some different, and more exploratory, sociological...