Social Contact in Shelter Dogs: Literature Review and Recommendations
| Contributor(s):: Christina Walthers, Lauren Faulkner, Allison Martin
Given the large number of dogs housed in animal shelters each year, it is important to consider how the shelter environment impacts a dog’s welfare. Providing shelter-housed dogs social contact with conspecifics can increase the welfare of the dogs and benefit the shelter by increasing...
Economical care for rabid dog bite | Dr. Omesh Kumar Bharti | TEDxKIITUniversity
| Contributor(s):: Omesh Kumar Bharti
A field epidemiologist by profession and a leader in medical research. With his life-changing work on economical care for rabid dog bite, he has turned the table for thousands of people. Recognized by the WHO and felicitated by the Government of India with the Padma Shri in 2019, he is...
The creative magic of black dogs | Emma O'Brien | TEDxPretoria
| Contributor(s):: Emma O'Brien
Creativity What it is, how do you nurture it and why it's important. Find out how Emma discovered the power of authenticity with her black dog photography series, and how having the courage to share one's creativity with the world opens up opportunities and brings about positive change....
Effects of Waiting Room and Feline Facial Pheromone Experience on Blood Pressure in Cats
| Contributor(s):: Laura R. Van Vertloo, Joyce M. Carnevale, Rebecca L. Parsons, Meghann Rosburg, Suzanne T. Millman
Obtaining accurate blood pressure measurements in cats is challenging due to the stressful nature of clinic visits. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of veterinary clinic waiting experiences and a feline pheromone spray on blood pressure in the cat. We hypothesized that...
The Service Dog Institute
The Service Dog Institute (TSDI) is a non-profit organization dedicated to enriching the lives of those with special needs by providing trained service dogs to boost confidence, provide comfort and perform skilled tasks that enable partners to lead more independent lives. Based in Greenville,...
Us and the rez dogs | Max Kakekagumick | TEDxKitchenerED
| Contributor(s):: Max Kakekagumick
Growing up on a northern Ontario reserve, Max Kakekagumick and other youth struggled with the same issue - trying to get to school safely without being attacked by wild dogs, also known as “rez dogs”. As a high school student, he and some of his peers came up with a potential...
Jealousy, competition, or a contextual cue for reward?.
| Contributor(s):: Thomas R. Zentall
Emotions are difficult to assess, even in humans. The attribution of jealousy in an animal like a dog is especially difficult because performance of a particular behavior in the context of another animal receiving a reward may not be easily distinguishable from intra-species competition or...
Conflict Behavior in Show Jumping Horses: A Field Study
| Contributor(s):: Ewa Jastrzębska, Anna Wolska, Michela Minero, Magdalena Ogłuszka, Bernadette Earley, Janusz Wejer, Aleksandra Górecka-Bruzda
The study objective was to determine if there was a relationship between behavioral and physiological stress measures in sport horses and their performance. Nineteen horses competed in show jumping events (6 housed at the center and 13 transported), while 5 horses at home training served as...
Horse Use and Care in Therapeutic Horseback Riding Programs
| Contributor(s):: Emily Watson
The Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship International (PATH Intl.) is an organization that offers therapeutic horseback riding (THR) and other equine-assisted activities and therapies in the United States. Research on how horses are used and cared for in PATH Intl.-affiliated...
On-Farm Welfare Assessment of Horses: The Risks of Putting the Cart before the Horse
| Contributor(s):: Martine Hausberger, Noémie Lerch, Estelle Guilbaud, Mathilde Stomp, Marine Grandgeorge, Séverine Henry, Clémence Lesimple
Although the question of animal welfare has been an important source of concern in the scientific community for several decades, many aspects are still under debate. On-farm assessments have to be rapid, acceptable to farmers and safe for both the assessors and animals. They are thus very...
Warm Air Leads to Hazardous Ground Temperatures When Walking Dogs in Built and Natural Environments
| Contributor(s):: Paul Hudak
Two case studies in Texas, one in a built environment and another in a natural setting, illustrate potential ground heat hazards when walking dogs on warm days. In the first case, temperatures of four different ground surfaces—concrete, grass, chip seal, and tar—were...
Dog Owners' Perspectives on Canine Dental Health—A Questionnaire Study in Sweden
| Contributor(s):: Karolina Brunius Enlund, Carl Brunius, Jeanette Hanson, Ragnvi Hagman, Odd Viking Höglund, Pia Gustås, Ann Pettersson
Periodontal disease is one of the most common diseases affecting dogs, with a reported prevalence of at least 80% in dogs over 3 years of age. However, there is a lack of studies regarding dog owners’ assessment of their dog’s dental health, and whether they perceive clinical signs...
Differences in the Search Behavior of Cancer Detection Dogs Trained to Have Either a Sit or Stand-Stare Final Response
| Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Essler, Clara Wilson, Alexander C. Verta, Rebecca Feuer, Cynthia M. Otto
Recent literature has demonstrated that dogs have the potential to detect, and communicate the presence of, various human diseases. However, there is a lack of investigation into whether commonplace training differences within the field could influence a dog's behavior during a biomedical...
Movement in Cats
| Contributor(s):: Valerie N. Plummer
Feral cats (Felis catus) are listed as one of the '100 world's worst invasive alien species'. There are as many as 70-100 million feral cats in the United States as well as an estimated 117-157 million domestic indoor and outdoor cats. Management efforts include a nonlethal feeding...
Do Purebreds (But Not Mutts) Reduce Dog Owner Death Rates?
| Contributor(s):: Harold Herzog
A major Swedish study of dog ownership and human mortality rates found that owners of a purebred, but not a mixed-breed dog, had lower mortality rates than non-owners.
Injuries in racing greyhounds
| Contributor(s):: Andrew Knight
This 25 pp. report reviews welfare problems, and particularly, injuries sustained by racing greyhounds, with a focus on the British greyhound racing industry.
Proposal of a customized animal welfare protocol for military kennels
| Contributor(s):: Otavio Augusto Brioschi Soares, Fernanda Ishi, José Luiz Vetorazzo, Felipe Borges Soares, Nivea De Mattos Goes Vieira
The guarantee of animal welfare has been modernly approached in both physical and emotional aspects. The objective of this work was to propose a management protocol that maximizes animal welfare for working dogs, and that takes into account the particularities of Brazilian military...
Review of Emerging and Re-Emerging Zoonotic Pathogens of Dogs in Nigeria: Missing Link in One Health Approach
| Contributor(s):: Dorcas A. Gado, David O. Ehizibolo, Clement A. Meseko, Neil E. Anderson, Peter W. W. Lurz
Dogs live in close contact with humans as pets, for hunting, for security, and as a source of income. In addition, the meat is also consumed by some tribes in Nigeria. Dogs could therefore serve as reservoirs, carriers, and transmitters of zoonotic diseases. This review evaluates the literature...
Psycho-Social Effects of Pet Dog Ownership on Mentally Challenged Children
| Contributor(s):: Sandeep Aggarwal, Roopashi Aggarwal, Manmeet Kaur Sodhi, Shallu Aggarwal
Aim: Mental retardation is a social stigma and children affected by this condition always require love and compassion. Pets have a positive role in human life to relieve stress and anxiety. Pets are therefore considered to be a very important aspect of psychological therapy. Those children who...
Effects of Equine Interaction on Mutual Autonomic Nervous System Responses and Interoception in a Learning Program for Older Adults
| Contributor(s):: Ann L. Baldwin, Lisa Walters, Barbara K. Rector, Ann C. Alden
Equine-assisted learning (EAL) may improve the health of older adults, but scientific data are sparse. This study investigated whether people aged 55 and older show increased heart rate variability (HRV) during EAL and awareness of bodily sensations that are overall pleasant. Subjects (n =...