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  1. Dog Ownership and Training Reduces Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Increases Self-Compassion Among Veterans: Results of a Longitudinal Control Study

    Contributor(s):: Bergen-Cico, D., Smith, Y., Wolford, K., Gooley, C., Hannon, K., Woodruff, R., Spicer, M., Gump, B.

    Objectives: The aims of this study were to measure the potential impact of a therapeutic dog ownership and training program for Veterans with symptoms of post-traumatic stress. Design: The study used a quasi-experimental design with two cohorts of Veterans-a dog owner-trainer intervention and a...

  2. Using hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal measures for assessing and reducing the stress of dogs in shelters: A review

    Contributor(s):: Hennessy, Michael B.

    Dogs admitted to animal shelters exhibit behavioral and physiological signs of stress. Among these is activation of the body's primary stress-responsive system, the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis. HPA activity provides a metric for assessing both the dog's physiological response to the...

  3. Effects of human contact and toys on the fear responses to humans of shelter-housed dogs

    Contributor(s):: Conley, Melanie J., Fisher, Andrew D., Hemsworth, Paul H.

    This study examined the effects of human contact and toys on fear responses to humans in small breed, shelter-housed dogs. Ninety dogs were assigned to one of three treatments: “control” (control), comprising routine husbandry performed by shelter staff; “human contact” (HC), where dogs...

  4. Evolution of facial muscle anatomy in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Kaminski, J., Waller, B. M., Diogo, R., Hartstone-Rose, A., Burrows, A. M.

    Domestication shaped wolves into dogs and transformed both their behavior and their anatomy. Here we show that, in only 33,000 y, domestication transformed the facial muscle anatomy of dogs specifically for facial communication with humans. Based on dissections of dog and wolf heads, we show that...

  5. Effectiveness of the dog therapy for patients with dementia - a systematic review

    Contributor(s):: Klimova, B., Toman, J., Kuca, K.

    BACKGROUND: Dementia represents a mental and economic burden for both patients and their caregivers. Therefore, the aim of this study is to explore the effectiveness of animal assisted therapy (AAT) with special focus on canis therapy among people with dementia, specifically Alzheimer's disease....

  6. Companion Dog Foster Caregiver Program for Older Veterans at the VA Maryland Health Care System: A Feasibility Study

    Contributor(s):: Ortmeyer, H. K., Robey, L. C.

    Veterans experience mental health conditions at a disproportionate rate compared to their civilian counterparts, and approximately 60% of older veterans who receive their care through the United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) do not meet physical activity (PA) recommendations. We...

  7. Attachment security in companion dogs: adaptation of Ainsworth's strange situation and classification procedures to dogs and their human caregivers

    Contributor(s):: Solomon, J., Beetz, A., Schoberl, I., Gee, N., Kotrschal, K.

    This exploratory study describes the development of a classification system for dogs' attachment security to caregivers that adheres closely to Ainsworth's seminal methodology. Fifty-nine adult dogs and caregivers participated in a mildly threatening laboratory encounter with a stranger (TS) and...

  8. Animal-Assisted Therapy in the Residential Treatment of Dual Pathology

    Contributor(s):: Monfort Montolio, M., Sancho-Pelluz, J.

    Animal-assisted therapy (AAT) is a complementary intervention of therapy that has shown positive results in the treatment of various pathologies. This study assesses the viability of the implementation and the effectiveness of an AAT program in patients diagnosed with substance abuse disorder and...

  9. Animal-assisted therapy for dementia

    Contributor(s):: Lai, N. M., Chang, S. M. W., Ng, S. S., Tan, S. L., Chaiyakunapruk, N., Stanaway, F.

    BACKGROUND: Dementia is a chronic condition which progressively affects memory and other cognitive functions, social behaviour, and ability to carry out daily activities. To date, no treatment is clearly effective in preventing progression of the disease, and most treatments are symptomatic,...

  10. Friends with malefit. The effects of keeping dogs and cats, sustaining animal-related injuries and Toxoplasma infection on health and quality of life

    Contributor(s):: Flegr, J., Preiss, M.

  11. Investigating risk factors that predict a dog's fear during veterinary consultations

    Contributor(s):: Edwards, P. T., Hazel, S. J., Browne, M., Serpell, J. A., McArthur, M. L., Smith, B. P.

  12. Depression and anxiety in pet owners after a diagnosis of cancer in their pets: a cross-sectional study in Japan

    Contributor(s):: Nakano, Y., Matsushima, M., Nakamori, A., Hiroma, J., Matsuo, E., Wakabayashi, H., Yoshida, S., Ichikawa, H., Kaneko, M., Mutai, R., Sugiyama, Y., Yoshida, E., Kobayashi, T.

  13. Dogs in public spaces of Buenos Aires, Argentina: Exploring patterns of the abundance of dogs, the canine faecal contamination, the behaviour of people with dogs, and its relationships with demographic/economic variables

    Contributor(s):: Rubel, D., Carbajo, A.

  14. Does having a pet influence the physical activity of their young female owners?

    Contributor(s):: Machova, K., Dadova, K., Chaloupkova, H., Svobodova, I.

  15. Companion dog acquisition and mental well-being: a community-based three-arm controlled study

    Contributor(s):: Powell, L., Edwards, K. M., McGreevy, P., Bauman, A., Podberscek, A., Neilly, B., Sherrington, C., Stamatakis, E.

  16. Do dogs rescue their owners from a stressful situation? A behavioral and physiological assessment

    Contributor(s):: Carballo, F., Dzik, V., Freidin, E., Damian, J. P., Casanave, E. B., Bentosela, M.

  17. Canine-Assisted Therapy in Hospitalized Patients Awaiting Heart Transplantation

    Contributor(s):: Snipelisky, D., Smidt, J., Gallup, S., Myrick, J., Bauer, B., Burton, M. C.

  18. Socio-demographic factors associated with pet ownership amongst adolescents from a UK birth cohort

    Contributor(s):: Purewal, R., Christley, R., Kordas, K., Joinson, C., Meints, K., Gee, N., Westgarth, C.

  19. The 1925 Diphtheria Antitoxin Run to Nome - Alaska: A Public Health Illustration of Human-Animal Collaboration

    Contributor(s):: Aboul-Enein, B. H., Puddy, W. C., Bowser, J. E.

  20. Animal-assisted therapy in a Canadian psychiatric prison

    Contributor(s):: Dell, C., Chalmers, D., Stobbe, M., Rohr, B., Husband, A.