The Effect of Extensive Human Presence at an Early Age on Stress Responses and Reactivity of Juvenile Ostriches towards Humans
| Contributor(s):: Pfunzo T. Muvhali, Maud Bonato, Anel Engelbrecht, Irek A. Malecki, Denise Hough, Jane E. Robinson, Neil P. Evans, Schalk W. P. Cloete
The effect of extensive human presence and regular gentle handling performed at an early age (0–3 months old) on stress responses and reactivity of juvenile ostriches towards humans was investigated. A total of 416 ostrich chicks over two years were exposed to one of three treatments for...
Bem-estar e comportamento de cães comunitários e percepção da comunidade
| Contributor(s):: Larissa Helena Ersching Rüncos
Resumo: A manutenção de cães comunitários surge como uma alternativa compassiva de manejo que contribui para o controle populacional e para a melhoria de vida dos cães, colaborando para diminuição de riscos para a saúde humana. É...
You Are Not My Handler! Impact of Changing Handlers on Dogs' Behaviours and Detection Performance
| Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray
Dog-handler relationships can directly impact team success. Changing a dog’s handler may therefore compromise detection performance. However, there are currently few studies which support this. This research explored the performance and behavioural impact of changing a dog’s...
Effects of Rider Experience Level on Horse Kinematics and Behavior
| Contributor(s):: Rebekah Strunk
Large riding lesson programs are an essential part of the horse industry. To meet demand and remain profitable, lesson barns sometimes require horses to work multiple times a day with different rider levels. There is little guidance as to the behavioral and physical effects of such protocols,...
Programas de socialização para cachorros: uma só saúde
| Contributor(s):: Inês Isabel Nunes Coelho
A medicina comportamental de animais de companhia tem vindo a sofrer uma enorme evolução ao longo dos últimos anos, nomeadamente no que concerne o desenvolvimento comportamental do cachorro e os seus programas de socialização. Paralelamente, também a...
The Need for a Convergence of Agricultural/Laboratory and Zoo-based Approaches to Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Ward, Samantha J., Hosey, Geoff
Advances in animal welfare science have led to a high number of studies published for farm, laboratory and zoo animals, with a huge breadth of innovative topic areas and methodologies. This paper investigates the different approaches used to undertake welfare research in farm, laboratory and zoo...
Global mapping of landscape fragmentation, human-animal interactions, and livelihood behaviors to prevent the next pandemic
| Contributor(s):: Bloomfield Laura, S. P.
2020Agriculture and Human Values373603-6040889048XSpringer Nature B.V.Dordrecht10.1007/s10460-020-10104-xEnglishStanford University, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, USA (GRID:grid.168010.e) (ISNI:0000000419368956); Stanford University, Emmett Interdisciplinary...
Behavioral and Perceptual Differences between Sexes in Dogs: An Overview
| Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Biagio D’Aniello
In this paper, we review the scientific reports of sex-related differences in dogs as compared to the outcomes described for wild animals. Our aim was to explore whether the differences in male and female dogs were affected by the domestication process, in which artificial selection is the main...
Human development and climate affect hibernation in a large carnivore with implications for human–carnivore conflicts
| Contributor(s):: Heather E. Johnson, David L. Lewis, Tana L. Verzuh, Cody F. Wallace, Rebecca M. Much, Lyle K. Willmarth, Stewart W. Breck
1. Expanding human development and climate change are dramatically altering habitat conditions for wildlife. While the initial response of wildlife to changing environmental conditions is typically a shift in behavior, little is known about the effects of these stressors on hibernation...
Effect of a Standardized Four-Week Desensitization and Counter-Conditioning Training Program on Pre-Existing Veterinary Fear in Companion Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Anastasia Stellato, Sarah Jajou, Cate E. Dewey, Tina M. Widowski, Lee Niel
Many dogs show signs of fear during veterinary appointments. It is widely recommended to use desensitization and counter-conditioning training to reduce this fear. However, the efficacy of this method for reducing veterinary fear has not been examined. We assessed the effect of a standardized...
Zoo visitor effect on mammal behaviour: Does noise matter?
| Contributor(s):: Quadros, Sandra, Goulart, Vinicius D. L., Passos, Luiza, Vecci, Marco A. M., Young, Robert J.
The zoo visitor effect is the change in animal behaviour and physiology in response to the presence of a viewing public. It is thought to result from, amongst other things, visitor generated sound (i.e., noise), but this hypothesis has never been explicitly tested. We tested this hypothesis...
Measuring fear in dogs by questionnaires: An exploratory study toward a standardized inventory
| Contributor(s):: Temesi, Andrea, Turcsán, Borbála, Miklósi, Ádám
Several types of questionnaires are in use to measure fear-related behaviour in family dogs. Our aim was to develop a general questionnaire based on relevant previous studies in order to facilitate the standardization of measurements of fear-related behaviour in dogs (social fear, non-social...
Lack of mirror use by pigs to locate food
| Contributor(s):: Gieling, Elise T., Mijdam, Elco, van der Staay, F. Josef, Nordquist, Rebecca E.
Many mammalian species, as well as birds, are able to use a mirror either in the context of self-recognition, or instrumentally for discovering and manipulating objects that cannot be perceived directly. A noteworthy study by Broom et al. (2009) investigated the ability of pigs (Sus scrofa) to...
Fear responses to noises in domestic dogs: Prevalence, risk factors and co-occurrence with other fear related behaviour
| Contributor(s):: Blackwell, Emily J., Bradshaw, John W. S., Casey, Rachel A.
Behavioural signs of fear or anxiety on exposure to noises in owned domestic dogs have been suggested in clinical studies to be common and a significant welfare concern. In this study two approaches were taken to investigate the occurrence of, and risk factors for, these behaviours: a postal...
Extensive human presence at an early age of ostriches improves the docility of birds at a later stage of life
| Contributor(s):: Bonato, Maud, Malecki, Irek A., Wang, Magretha D., Cloete, Schalk W. P.
While ostriches are relatively wild birds with a short period of domestication, some birds demonstrate a strong interest in humans. Human imprinting of chicks could therefore facilitate the cooperation of birds for assisted reproduction technology purposes, improving the quality of human–bird...
Automatic registration of grazing behaviour in dairy cows using 3D activity loggers
| Contributor(s):: Nielsen, Per Peetz
Automated systems for monitoring behaviour of cows within dairy production are increasing and developments in technology provide new opportunities in this area. This study aimed to validate the use of a 3D activity logger (HOBO® Pendant G Data Logger), that registers the cow's head positions...
Animal handling and stress-related behaviour at mobile slaughter of cattle
| Contributor(s):: Hultgren, J., Arvidsson Segerkvist, K., Berg, C., Karlsson, A. H., Algers, B.
By avoiding animal transportation, mobile slaughter may have the potential to reduce animal stress. In a cross-sectional study with elements of cohort design, we investigated relationships between animal handling and stress-related animal behaviours in connection with slaughter at two Swedish...
Cyrus street dog providing emotional support in UK schools
07 May 2020 |
Posted by Adam Dunn
August 2018 at Gatwick airport was the beginning of a very special journey for our first rescue dog from Cyprus. This image is the moment that we first met Angus at the airport on that very special...
Training the guide dog: An untapped opportunity for the behavior analyst
| Contributor(s):: Funk, Janie A., Williams, W. Larry
Farm Animal Cognition-Linking Behavior, Welfare and Ethics
| Contributor(s):: Nawroth, C., Langbein, J., Coulon, M., Gabor, V., Oesterwind, S., Benz-Schwarzburg, J., von Borell, E.