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  1. Breed group differences in the unsolvable problem task: Herding dogs prefer their owner, while solitary hunting dogs seek stranger proximity

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Van Poucke, Enya, Höglin, Amanda, Jensen, Per, Roth, Lina S. V.

    The communicating skills of dogs are well documented and especially their contact-seeking behaviours towards humans. The aim of this study was to use the unsolvable problem paradigm to investigate differences between breed groups in their contact-seeking behaviours towards their owner and a...

  2. Routine Decontamination of Surfaces Relevant to Working Dogs: Neutralization of Superficial Coronavirus Contamination

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Grady, Sarah L., Sebeck, Natalie M., Theodore, Mellisa, Meidenbauer, Karen L.

    Given the increased deployment of working dogs to settings with pathogenic biological agents, a safe, effective, and logistically feasible surface decontamination protocol is essential to protect both the animals and their human handlers. Our group previously found that superficial...

  3. The tail wagging the dog: positive attitude towards livestock guarding dogs do not mitigate pastoralists' opinions of wolves or grizzly bears

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Daniel Kinka, Julie K. Young

    While the re-establishment of grizzly bears (Ursus arctos) and wolves (Canis lupus) in the American West marks a success for conservation, it has been contentious among pastoralists. Coincidentally, livestock guarding dogs (LGDs; Canis familiaris) have been widely adopted by producers of...

  4. Increased Rider Weight Did Not Induce Changes in Behavior and Physiological Parameters in Horses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: JanneWinther Christensen, Suzie Bathellier, Marie Rhodin, Rupert Palme, Mette Uldahl

    Recent studies have reported significant alterations in horse physiological and gait parameters when exposed to increased rider weight during moderate to high intensity exercise. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of increased rider weight (+15% and +25% of the regular rider’s...

  5. Determining the Relationship Between Mean Paraspinal Muscle Area Ratios and Percent Inter-Vertebral Foraminal Area Change in Flexion Versus Extension Positions of Military Working Dogs Using Computed Tomography

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Krystina Lynn Rowland

    Core (paraspinal) muscle strengthening exercises are increasingly applied as methods for management of lower back pain in military working dogs. However, more evidence-based studies are needed to justify these methods. A previous publication correlated increased flexion/extension changes in...

  6. Maladaptation in feral and domesticated animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Eben Gering, Darren Incorvaia, Rie Henriksen, Dominic Wright, Thomas Getty

    Selection regimes and population structures can be powerfully changed by domestication and feralization, and these changes can modulate animal fitness in both captive and natural environments. In this review, we synthesize recent studies of these two processes and consider their impacts on...

  7. Computed Tomographic Measures of Funnel-Shaped Lumbar Vertebral Canal and Articular Process Dysplasia Malformations Differ Between German Shepherd and Belgian Malinois Military Working Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Constance J. Dragicevich, Jeryl C. Jones, William Bridges, Heather Dunn

    Researchers who study the selection and breeding program criteria for military working dogs aim to help maximize the years of active duty service. Computed tomographic (CT) quantitative phenotyping has been previously described as a method for supporting these research studies. Funnel-shaped...

  8. Intra-articular Injections With Either Triamcinolone Hexacetonide, Stanozolol, Hylan G-F 20, or a Platelet Concentrate Improve Clinical Signs in Police Working Dogs With Bilateral Hip Osteoarthritis

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: João C. Alves, Ana Santos, Patrícia Jorge, Catarina Lavrador, L. Miguel Carreira

    Objectives: To compare the effect of intra-articular treatment with triamcinolone hexacetonide (TH), stanozolol, hyaluronan, and a platelet concentrate in police working dogs with bilateral hip osteoarthritis (OA). Study Design: Prospective, longitudinal, double-blinded, negative controlled...

  9. Ride Utah! Resiliency-Building Horse Rides for Military Personnel and Families

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Karl H. Hoopes, Makenna Osborne

    To introduce and provide equine-related activities to military personnel and their families, Utah State University Equine Extension created and implemented an effective program called Ride Utah! Equine-related activities have been shown to improve mental health and build strong family...

  10. Does the sex of the search and rescue (SAR) dog handler affect the work of the rescue team?

    | Contributor(s):: Wojtas, J., Zielinski, D., Karpinski, M.

    The handler's sex, as well as his personality and individual predispositions, may affect his suitability for work in rescue services. In addition, handler's susceptibility to stress may affect the effects of search and rescue (SAR) dog's work. The aim of the study was to analyze the salivary...

  11. Historical development of horse breeds

    | Contributor(s):: Tuncer, S. S., Kozat, S.

    This study was conducted to examine the historical development process of modern horse breeds. Horses are among the few species that have managed to become domesticated on earth. The domestication of horses took place after dogs, goats, sheep, pigs, reindeer and poultry. It is accepted that the...

  12. Discrimination of SARS-CoV-2 infected patient samples by detection dogs: A proof of concept study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Jennifer L. Essler, Sarah A. Kane, Pat Nolan, Elikplim H. Akaho, Amalia Z. Berna, Annemarie DeAngelo, Richard A. Berk, Patricia Kaynaroglu, Victoria L. Plymouth, Ian D. Frank, Susan R. Weiss, Audrey R. Odom John, Cynthia M. Otto

    While the world awaits a widely available COVID-19 vaccine, availability of testing is limited in many regions and can be further compounded by shortages of reagents, prolonged processing time and delayed results. One approach to rapid testing is to leverage the volatile organic compound (VOC)...

  13. Public Perceptions of Australian Assistance Dogs: Happier and Better Used Than Companion Dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Gibson, Paris Emmanuelle, Oliva, Jessica Lee

  14. Does benchmarking of rating scales improve ratings of search performance given by specialist search dog handlers?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Clark, C. C. A., Rooney, N. J.

    Rating scales are widely used to rate working dog behavior and performance. Whilst behaviour scales have been extensively validated, instruments used to rate ability have usually been designed by training and practitioner organizations, and often little consideration has been given to how...

  15. The urban horse: Equestrian Traffic and Horse Husbandry in Late Medieval Cities

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Fabienne Meiers

    Just like cattle, sheep and pigs, horses were part of the still agrarian influenced late medieval townscapes. Written and iconographic sources as well as archaeological evidence give proof of the extensive presence of horses inside and outside the city walls and their indispensability for urban...

  16. Editorial: Our Canine Connection: The History, Benefits and Future of Human-Dog Interactions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Strauss, E. G., McCune, S., MacLean, E., Fine, A.

    2021 Front Vet Sci 8 784491 2297-1769 (Print)2297-1769 10.3389/fvets.2021.784491 eng The Center for Urban Resilience, Loyola Marymount University, Los Angeles, CA, United States.School of Psychology, School of Life Sciences, University of Lincoln, Lincoln, United Kingdom.Animal Matters...

  17. The Animal Welfare Science of Working Dogs: Current Perspectives on Recent Advances and Future Directions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Cobb, M. L., Otto, C. M., Fine, A. H.

    Working dogs are prevalent throughout our societies, assisting people in diverse contexts, from explosives detection and livestock herding, to therapy partners. Our scientific exploration and understanding of animal welfare have grown dramatically over the last decade. As community attitudes...

  18. Exploring the Relationship between Socio-Demographic Background and Empathy toward Nonhuman Animals in Working Horse Caretakers

    | Contributor(s):: Luna, Daniela, Vásquez, Rodrigo A., Tadich, Tamara

  19. Scent dog identification of SARS-CoV-2 infections in different body fluids

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Jendrny, Friederike Twele, Sebastian Meller, Claudia Schulz, Maren von Köckritz-Blickwede, Albertus Dominicus Marcellinus Eras Osterhaus, Hans Ebbers, Janek Ebbers, Veronika Pilchová, Isabell Pink, Tobias Welte, Michael Peter Manns, Anahita Fathi, Marylyn Martina Addo, Christiane Ernst, Wencke Schäfer, Michael Engels, Anja Petrov, Katharina Marquart, Ulrich Schotte, Esther Schalke, Holger Andreas Volk

    Background The main strategy to contain the current SARS-CoV-2 pandemic remains to implement a comprehensive testing, tracing and quarantining strategy until vaccination of the population is adequate. Scent dogs could support current testing strategies. Methods Ten dogs were trained for...

  20. Cultural "Blind Spots," Social Influence and the Welfare of Working Donkeys in Brick Kilns in Northern India

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Tamlin L. Watson, Laura M. Kubasiewicz, Natasha Chamberlain, Caroline Nye, Zoe Raw, Faith A. Burden

    Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) work across the globe to improve the welfare of working equids. Despite decades of veterinary and other interventions, welfare issues persist with equids working in brick kilns. Engagement with all stakeholders is integral to creating abiding improvements...