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  1. Human–Animal Interactions with Bos taurus Cattle and Their Impacts on On-Farm Safety: A Systematic Review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Titterington, Frances Margaret, Knox, Rachel, Buijs, Stephanie, Lowe, Denise Elizabeth, Morrison, Steven James, Lively, Francis Owen, Shirali, Masoud

    Cattle production necessitates potentially dangerous human–animal interactions. Cattle are physically strong, large animals that can inflict injuries on humans accidentally or through aggressive behaviour. This study provides a systematic review of literature relating to farm management...

  2. Environmental Complexity: Additional Human Visual Contact Reduced Meat Chickens' Fear of Humans and Physical Items Altered Pecking Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Taylor, P. S., Hemsworth, P. H., Rault, J. L.

    Increased environmental complexity can improve animal welfare, depending on the resources provided and use by the animal. We provided chickens either with physical items that posed no biosecurity risk and were inexpensive (balls, chains, perches and rope) (P; n = 36) or additional visual human...

  3. Psycho-Behavioural Changes in Dogs Treated with Corticosteroids: A Clinical Behaviour Perspective

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Notari, Lorella, Kirton, Roxane, Mills, Daniel S.

    Arousal and distress are often important factors in problematic behaviours, and endogenous corticosteroids are important mediators in the associated stress responses. Exogenous corticosteroid treatments have been reported to change behaviour in human patients and laboratory animals, with...

  4. Impact of Changes in Time Left Alone on Separation-Related Behaviour in UK Pet Dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Harvey, Naomi D., Christley, Robert M., Giragosian, Kassandra, Mead, Rebecca, Murray, Jane K., Samet, Lauren, Upjohn, Melissa M., Casey, Rachel A.

    Separation-related behaviours (SRBs), including but not limited to vocalisation, pacing, destruction and toileting, occur in the absence of human company. As well as being problematic for the dogs’ owners, such behaviours indicate that the dogs’ emotional state is compromised. As part...

  5. Associations between dairy herds' qualitative behavior and aspects of herd health, stockperson and farm factors-a cross-sectional exploration

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Matull, K., Knierim, U., Ivemeyer, S.

    The affective state is an integrated aspect of farm animal welfare, which is understood as the animals' perception of their living environment and of their internal biological functioning. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to explore animal-internal and external factors potentially...

  6. Serum Oxytocin in Cows Is Positively Correlated with Caregiver Interactions in the Impossible Task Paradigm

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: D'Aniello, B., Mastellone, V., Pinelli, C., Scandurra, A., Musco, N., Tudisco, R., Pero, M. E., Infascelli, F., Di Lucrezia, A., Lombardi, P.

    This study explored a possible relationship between the circulating oxytocin, cortisol, and the willingness of dairy cows to engage in social behaviors with humans in an experimental context. The behaviors of twenty-nine cows were recorded during the impossible task paradigm, a procedure aimed...

  7. Humans and Goats: Improving Knowledge for a Better Relationship

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Celozzi, Stefania, Battini, Monica, Prato-Previde, Emanuela, Mattiello, Silvana

    There is consensus that the quality of the human–animal relationship (HAR) is relevant to guarantee appropriate levels of animal welfare. Given the impact that HAR may have on both goats and human beings, the aim of the present review is to elucidate: (1) how humans and goats communicate;...

  8. Selection for reduced fear of humans changes intra-specific social behavior in red junglefowl - implications for chicken domestication

    | Contributor(s):: Gjoen, J., Jensen, P.

  9. Impact of the Sound of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Pulse Sequences in Awake Mice

    | Contributor(s):: Almeida, Joana, Severo, Frederico, Nunes, Daniel

  10. Attention towards a handler in behavioural tests contributes to low ‘Distraction’ in guide dogs

    | Contributor(s):: Murata-Kobayashi, Natsuko, Kuze-Arata, Sayaka, Kiyokawa, Yasushi, Takeuchi, Yukari

    2022Applied Animal Behaviour Science2471055640168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2022.105564text

  11. Pigs' skin lesions at weaning are primarily caused by standoff and being bullied instead of unilateral active attack at the individual level

    | Contributor(s):: Liu, Mingzheng, Xu, Qinglei, Zhao, Jing, Guo, Yanli, Zhang, Chunlei, Cheng, Meng, Zhao, Xianle, Schinckel, Allan P., Zhou, Bo

    2022Applied Animal Behaviour Science2471055560168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2022.105556text

  12. Accelerometer derived rumination monitoring detects changes in behaviour around parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Chang, Anita Z., Fogarty, Eloise S., Swain, David L., García-Guerra, Alvaro, Trotter, Mark G.

    2022Applied Animal Behaviour Science2471055660168-159110.1016/j.applanim.2022.105566text

  13. Effects of Environmental Enrichment on Dog Behaviour: Pilot Study

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hunt, R. L., Whiteside, H., Prankel, S.

    Environmental enrichment (EE) can be used to enhance the environment of various animals. The aim of this pilot study was to determine the effects of seven EE activities (Bonding, Bubble machine, Conspecific play, Interactive toy, Playhouse, Stuffed food toy and Tug play) on dog behaviour, pre-...

  14. Development of the dog attachment insecurity screening inventory (D-AISI): a pilot study on a sample of female owners

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Riggio, G., Noom, M., Gazzano, A., Mariti, C.

    To date, the Strange Situation Procedure is the only tool available to investigate the quality of the dog's attachment bond towards the owner. This study aimed to adapt a parent-report scale, named the Attachment Insecurity Screening Inventory (AISI) 6-12, originally designed to assess 6-...

  15. Volunteers' demographics that affect the human-dog interaction during walks in a shelter

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Shih, H. Y., Paterson, M. B. A., Pachana, N. A., Phillips, C. J. C.

    Different people relate to dogs in different ways. We investigated differences between volunteers in their behavioural interactions with shelter dogs when they were walked on a leash. Cameras were used to record and quantify the behaviour of volunteers and a leash tension metre was used to...

  16. Signs of claw asymmetry appear in a homochelate crab

    | Contributor(s):: Wang, Lin, Luo, Yunchao, Xu, Nuo, Lin, Hongwei, Yu, Fan, Huang, Cheng, Li, Zhongqiu

  17. Qualitative behaviour assessment as part of a welfare assessment in flocks of laying hens

    | Contributor(s):: Vasdal, Guro, Muri, Karianne, Stubsjøen, Solveig Marie, Moe, Randi Oppermann, Kittelsen, Kathe

  18. Educating dog owners: how owner-dog interactions can benefit from addressing the human caregiving system and dog-directed parenting styles

    | Contributor(s):: Herwijnen, I. R. van

  19. A Case Study: Observations of Behaviors & Vocalizations in a Captive Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus) During Quarantine

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alexandra Dilley

    Bozie, an Asian elephant (Elephas maximus), was relocated from the Baton Rouge Zoo to Smithsonian’s National Zoo. During a requisite 29-day quarantine period, I recorded Bozie’s stress-related behaviors and the vocalizations she produced when she was alone and with her keepers in...

  20. Computational Analysis of Movement Patterns of Dogs with ADHD-Like Behavior

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Stephane Bleuer-Elsner, Anna Zamansky, Asaf Fux, Dmitry Kaplun, Sergey Romanov, Aleksandr Sinitca, Sylvia Masson, Dirk van der Linden

    Computational approaches were called for to address the challenges of more objective behavior assessment which would be less reliant on owner reports. This study aims to use computational analysis for investigating a hypothesis that dogs with ADHD-like (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder)...