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  1. Impact of structural and cognitive enrichment on the learning performance, behavior and physiology of dwarf goats ( Capra aegagrus hircus)

    Contributor(s):: Oesterwind, S., Nurnberg, G., Puppe, B., Langbein, J.

    Intensive husbandry usually offers only limited opportunities for animals to perform their characteristic species-specific behavior and can lead to boredom, stress or frustration. The positive impact of structural forms of environmental enrichment on animal welfare is well investigated because it...

  2. Environmental enrichment and social rank affects the fear and stress response to regular handling of dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Pinal, R., Fuchs, K., Montaldo, H. H., Ducoing, A., Galindo, F.

  3. A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes

    Contributor(s):: Fernie, A. C., Tribe, A., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Phillips, C. J. C.

  4. Acute effects of cage cleaning at different frequencies on laboratory rat behaviour and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Peters, A., Mason, G. J.

  5. Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) behaviour and welfare: implications for successful farming practices

    Contributor(s):: Nogueira, S. S. C., Nogueira-Filho, S. L. G.

  6. Keeping horses in groups: a review

    Contributor(s):: Hartmann, E., Sondergaard, E., Keeling, L. J.

  7. Mixed-breed guarding dogs reduce conflict between goat herders and native carnivores in Patagonia

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalez, A., Novaro, A., Funes, M., Pailacura, O., Bolgeri, M. J., Walker, S.

  8. Human-cattle interactions in group housing. (Special Issue: Behaviour and welfare of cattle)

    Contributor(s):: Raussi, S.

    In traditional European tie stall barns the stockperson has close interaction with the cattle several times a day. New barns are, however, mostly loose housing units where the animals are group housed and normally have space to evade people. As group housed cattle can be less habituated to...

  9. Increasing farm animal welfare by positively motivated instrumental behaviour. (Special Issue: Animal suffering and welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Manteuffel, G., Langbein, J., Puppe, B.

    Rewarded instrumental learning leads to the association of an environmental cue with the positive result of the own activity. Instrumental behaviour includes motivation for a specific reward, anticipation of its successful acquisition and positive appraisal. In this paper, we present theoretical...

  10. Interventions in social behaviour in a herd of mares and geldings

    Contributor(s):: VanDierendonck, M. C., Vries, H. de, Schilder, M. B. H., Colenbrander, B., orhallsdottir, A. G., Sigurjonsdottir, H.

    Social dynamics and maintenance of social cohesion were studied by analysing social interventions in two groups of horses consisting of adult mares, their offspring, adult geldings and sub-adults. The animals were observed for a total of 1316 h. All relevant dyadic and triadic social...

  11. Perch material and diameter affects particular perching behaviours in laying hens

    Contributor(s):: Pickel, T., Scholz, B., Schrader, L.

    Resting on perches is an important behaviour for laying hens. However, perches in laying hen husbandry systems are associated with health problems which may result from inadequate perch designs. The aim of this study was to focus on particular behavioural patterns shown by laying hens on...

  12. Use of a tri-axial accelerometer for automated recording and classification of goats' grazing behaviour

    Contributor(s):: Moreau, M., Siebert, S., Buerkert, A., Schlecht, E.

    The suitability of an inexpensive tri-axial accelerometer for the automated recording of goats' activities at pasture was tested on a slightly undulating pasture in Central Germany (52 h of registry) and on a rugged mountainous pasture in northern Oman (70 h of registry). The logger was either...

  13. Validation of an automatic system to detect position changes in puerperal sows

    Contributor(s):: Mainau, E., Dalmau, A., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X.

    Piglet crushing by the sow is one of the main causes of piglet mortality during the first 48 h after birth. The frequency of position changes may be partially related to the pain caused by farrowing. The aim of this study was to develop and validate an automatic system to register position...

  14. Behavioural patterns of heifers under intensive and extensive continuous grazing on species-rich pasture in the Czech Republic

    Contributor(s):: Hejcmanova, P., Stejskalova, M., Pavlu, V., Hejcman, M.

    This study examines the effects of season and of two grazing intensities, namely extensive grazing (EG) and intensive grazing (IG), on the grazing behaviour of heifers on species-rich upland pasture in the Czech Republic. Ten or eight (IG), and six or four (EG) heifers were continuously stocked...

  15. The effects of cage volume and cage shape on the condition and behaviour of captive European starlings ( Sturnus vulgaris )

    Contributor(s):: Asher, L., Davies, G. T. O., Bertenshaw, C. E., Cox, M. A. A., Bateson, M.

    Cage size is widely recognised as an important determinant of captive animal welfare, but in contrast, cage shape has received far less attention. Husbandry recommendations for flying birds state that cages should be long in shape because this allows greater potential for flight. However, so far...

  16. The effect of environmental enrichment on play behaviour in white-lipped peccaries ( Tayassu pecari )

    Contributor(s):: Nogueira, S. S. C., Soledade, J. P., Pompeia, S., Nogueira Filho, S. L. G.

    Herds of white-lipped peccary (Tayassu pecari) have historically been kept in captivity in order to replace stocks lost to hunting however the lack of knowledge regarding their species-typical behaviour remains an impediment to understanding their captive needs. Environmental enrichment has been...

  17. A comparative approach to the study of Keeper-Animal Relationships in the zoo. (Special Issue: Zoo animal welfare.)

    Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K.

    Research on intensively farmed animals over the past 25 years has shown that human-animal interactions, by affecting the animal's fear of humans, can markedly limit the productivity and welfare of farm animals. This article begins to explore some of the factors that need to be considered to...

  18. Stereotypies and compulsive behaviours - causes and possibilities of prevention

    Contributor(s):: Kuhne, F.

    Despite the fact that livestock animals like companion pets have adapted through domestication to a life with human beings, they have the same demands on their environment as their feral conspecifics. Therefore, animal husbandry means keeping animals under conditions which are appropriate to the...

  19. Exploratory behavior and the welfare of intensively kept animals

    Contributor(s):: Wood-Gush, D. G. M., Vestergaard, K.

    Exploratory behaviour is considered under the following categories: extrinsic exploration in which the animal seeks information about conventional reinforcers such as food and intrinsic exploration which is directed toward stimuli which may have no biological significance, further divided into...

  20. Abnormal behaviour of piglets reared in individual incubators

    Contributor(s):: Hutton, R. C., Wood-Gush, D. G. M.

    Abnormal behaviour patterns were observed in piglets weaned from their mother 1 day after birth and reared artificially in small individual incubators. The incubators were plastic bins, 0.057 m3 in size, with a window at the front through which a nipple-drinker provided feeds of Carnation milk at...