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  1. Self-administration by consumption of flunixin in feed alleviates the pain and inflammation associated with castration and tail docking of lambs

    Contributor(s):: Marini, Danila, Colditz, Ian G., Hinch, Geoff, Petherick, J. Carol, Lee, Caroline

    It can be impractical for farmers to provide pain relief to livestock following husbandry procedures such as castration and tail-docking, particularly in pasture-based systems because animals need to be repeatedly gathered to handling facilities and restrained. We investigated whether voluntary...

  2. In Search of the Urban Cowboy: The Need to Incorporate Animal Husbandry into the United States Higher Education Curriculum and Its Implications for Production Animal Welfare

    Contributor(s):: Courtney Lynd Daigle

    There is a need to (1) highlight the importance of incorporating animal husbandry into higher education curriculum and (2) emphasize that professionally training production animal handlers will have positive impact on production animal welfare. Spending more time interacting with agricultural...

  3. The ticking clock: addressing farm animal welfare in emerging countries

    Contributor(s):: Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Hotzel, M. J.

    Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to...

  4. A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )

    Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.

    Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...

  5. Measuring motivation in swine: the food-metric scale

    Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E. G., Kirkden, R. D., Pajor, E. A.

    Understanding how nonhuman animals such as swine respond to their environment and understanding how to provide them with a good quality of life involves using a range of experimental approaches. More and more, ethological researchers are turning to operant methods to answer some of these...

  6. Systematic investigation of the stability of food preferences in captive orangutans: implications for positive reinforcement training

    Contributor(s):: Clay, A. W., Bloomsmith, M. A., Marr, M. J., Maple, T. L.

    Using preference-assessment tests with humans in conjunction with behavioral modification sessions has been a regular component of almost all operant conditioning programs with mentally challenged humans. This has been very effective in improving the efficiency of behavioral training in these...

  7. The effects of husbandry training on stereotypic pacing in captive African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus )

    Contributor(s):: Shyne, A., Block, M.

    To examine the effects of operant conditioning on stereotypic pacing in 3 female African wild dogs located at the Franklin Park Zoo in Boston, this study made recordings of pacing behavior immediately following individual sessions of husbandry training and 2 no-training conditions. The study...

  8. Thinking outside our cages

    Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E.

    Researchers seem to be stuck reiterating the now-familiar argument that barren boxes are bad for welfare and that rodents are due ethical consideration. But the prerequisites for real progress are new kinds of arguments, new types of data, and removal of very real practical and cultural obstacles...

  9. Effects of stocking rate on measures of efficacy and welfare during carbon dioxide gas euthanasia of young pigs

    Contributor(s):: Fiedler, K. J., Parsons, R. L., Sadler, L. J., Millman, S. T.

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of chamber stocking rate on facets of animal welfare and efficacy during gas euthanasia of young pigs ( Sus scrofa domesticus). Crossbred pigs (390 neonatal and 270 weaned) designated for euthanasia at production farms were randomly assigned...

  10. Environmental enrichment and social rank affects the fear and stress response to regular handling of dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Pinal, R., Fuchs, K., Montaldo, H. H., Ducoing, A., Galindo, F.

  11. A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes

    Contributor(s):: Fernie, A. C., Tribe, A., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Phillips, C. J. C.

  12. Acute effects of cage cleaning at different frequencies on laboratory rat behaviour and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Peters, A., Mason, G. J.

  13. Capybara (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) behaviour and welfare: implications for successful farming practices

    Contributor(s):: Nogueira, S. S. C., Nogueira-Filho, S. L. G.

  14. Cognitive bias in a non-human primate: husbandry procedures influence cognitive indicators of psychological well-being in captive rhesus macaques

    Contributor(s):: Bethell, E. J., Holmes, A., MacLarnon, A., Semple, S.

  15. Culled early or culled late: economic decisions and risks to welfare in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Langford, F. M., Stott, A. W.

  16. Economic evaluation of high welfare indoor farrowing systems for pigs

    Contributor(s):: Guy, J. H., Cain, P. J., Seddon, Y. M., Baxter, E. M., Edwards, S. A.

  17. Interactions between profit and welfare on extensive sheep farms

    Contributor(s):: Stott, A. W., Ahmadi, B. V., Dwyer, C. M., Kupiec, B., Morgan-Davies, C., Milne, C. E., Ringrose, S., Goddard, P., Phillips, K., Waterhouse, A.

  18. Keeping horses in groups: a review

    Contributor(s):: Hartmann, E., Sondergaard, E., Keeling, L. J.

  19. Non-economic incentives to improve animal welfare: positive competition as a driver for change among owners of draught and pack animals in India

    Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Dijk, L. van, Ali, M., Pradhan, S. K.

  20. Pain perception at slaughter

    Contributor(s):: Johnson, C. B., Gibson, T. J., Stafford, K. J., Mellor, D. J.