Husbandry Practices, Health, and Welfare Status of Organic Broilers in France
| Contributor(s):: Rozenn Souillard, Jean-Michel Répérant, Catherine Experton, Adeline Huneau-Salaun, Jenna Coton, Loïc Balaine, Sophie Le Bouquin
Organic poultry production has increased sharply with growing consumer demand in the context of sustainable development. A study was conducted in 85 organic broiler flocks between 2014 and 2015 to describe the husbandry practices and the health and welfare status of organic broilers in France,...
The Status of Pet Rabbit Breeding and Online Sales in the UK: A Glimpse into an Otherwise Elusive Industry
| Contributor(s):: Emma M. Gosling, Jorge A. Vázquez-Diosdado, Naomi D. Harvey
Conditions of pet rabbit breeding colonies and breeder practices are undocumented and very little is known about the pet rabbit sales market. Here, multiple methods were employed to investigate this sector of the UK pet industry. A freedom of information request sent to 10% of councils revealed...
Effects of different enrichment devices on some welfare indicators of post-weaned undocked piglets
| Contributor(s):: Nannoni, E., Sardi, L., Vitali, M., Trevisi, E., Ferrari, A., Barone, F., Bacci, M. L., Barbieri, S., Martelli, G.
Two experimental trials were carried out in order to test the effectiveness of different environmental enrichments in improving the welfare of weaned pigs. A total of 120 undocked piglets was used. In trial one, group C1 received a metal chain and group WL a wooden log mounted on a frame. In...
The effect of supplementary ultraviolet wavelengths on broiler chicken welfare indicators
| Contributor(s):: James, Charlotte, Asher, Lucy, Herborn, Katherine, Wiseman, Julian
Qualities of the light environment are important for good welfare in a number of species. In chickens, UVA light is visible and may facilitate flock interactions. UVB wavelengths promote endogenous vitamin D synthesis, which could support the rapid skeletal development of broiler chickens. The...
Guidelines for Inspection of Companion and Commercial Animal Establishments
out of 5 stars
| Contributor(s):: Clifford Warwick, Mike Jessop, Phillip Arena, Anthony Pilny, Catrina Steedman
Various establishments exist in which animals are held for a variety of reasons. Historically, the management and inspection of animals in commerce and in private keeping have involved a considerable degree of arbitrary evaluation based on the personal experience of the vendor, keeper, advisor,...
Using the Five Domains Model to Assess the Adverse Impacts of Husbandry, Veterinary, and Equitation Interventions on Horse Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Paul McGreevy, Jeannine Berger, Nic de Brauwere, Orla Doherty, Anna Harrison, Julie Fielder, Claudia Jones, Sue McDonnell, Andrew McLean, Lindsay Nakonechny, Christine Nicol, Liane Preshaw, Peter Thomson, Vicky Tzioumis, John Webster, Sarah Wolfensohn, James Yeates, Bidda Jones
The aim of this study was to conduct a series of paper-based exercises in order to assess the negative (adverse) welfare impacts, if any, of common interventions on domestic horses across a broad range of different contexts of equine care and training. An international panel (with professional...
Objective Measures for the Assessment of Post-Operative Pain in Bos indicus Bull Calves Following Castration
| Contributor(s):: Gabrielle C. Musk, Stine Jacobsen, Timothy H. Hyndman, Heidi S. Lehmann, S. Jonathon Tuke, Teresa Collins, Karina B. Gleerup, Craig B. Johnson, Michael Laurence
Surgical castration of cattle is a common husbandry procedure, and although this procedure is known to cause pain in cattle and other species, in some countries it is often performed without anaesthesia or analgesia. Society is increasingly aware of this animal welfare issue and it is creating...
In Search of the Urban Cowboy: The Need to Incorporate Animal Husbandry into the United States Higher Education Curriculum and Its Implications for Production Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Courtney Lynd Daigle
There is a need to (1) highlight the importance of incorporating animal husbandry into higher education curriculum and (2) emphasize that professionally training production animal handlers will have positive impact on production animal welfare. Spending more time interacting with agricultural...
Impact of structural and cognitive enrichment on the learning performance, behavior and physiology of dwarf goats ( Capra aegagrus hircus)
| Contributor(s):: Oesterwind, S., Nurnberg, G., Puppe, B., Langbein, J.
Intensive husbandry usually offers only limited opportunities for animals to perform their characteristic species-specific behavior and can lead to boredom, stress or frustration. The positive impact of structural forms of environmental enrichment on animal welfare is well investigated because it...
Mar 11 2016
Wisconsin Dairy & Beef Well-Being Conference
The ticking clock: addressing farm animal welfare in emerging countries
| Contributor(s):: Keyserlingk, M. A. G. von, Hotzel, M. J.
Over the last decade many emerging economies, and in particular Brazil, have established themselves as major players in global food animal production. Within these countries much of the increase in food animal production has been achieved by the adoption of intensive housing systems similar to...
A case study employing operant conditioning to reduce stress of capture for red-bellied tamarins ( Saguinus labiatus )
| Contributor(s):: Owen, Y., Amory, J. R.
Traditional techniques used to capture New World monkeys, such as net capture, can induce high levels of acute stress detrimental to welfare. Alternatively, training nonhuman animals via operant conditioning to voluntarily participate in husbandry and/or veterinary practices is accepted as a...
Measuring motivation in swine: the food-metric scale
| Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E. G., Kirkden, R. D., Pajor, E. A.
Understanding how nonhuman animals such as swine respond to their environment and understanding how to provide them with a good quality of life involves using a range of experimental approaches. More and more, ethological researchers are turning to operant methods to answer some of these...
Systematic investigation of the stability of food preferences in captive orangutans: implications for positive reinforcement training
| Contributor(s):: Clay, A. W., Bloomsmith, M. A., Marr, M. J., Maple, T. L.
Using preference-assessment tests with humans in conjunction with behavioral modification sessions has been a regular component of almost all operant conditioning programs with mentally challenged humans. This has been very effective in improving the efficiency of behavioral training in these...
The effects of husbandry training on stereotypic pacing in captive African wild dogs ( Lycaon pictus )
| Contributor(s):: Shyne, A., Block, M.
To examine the effects of operant conditioning on stereotypic pacing in 3 female African wild dogs located at the Franklin Park Zoo in Boston, this study made recordings of pacing behavior immediately following individual sessions of husbandry training and 2 no-training conditions. The study...
Thinking outside our cages
| Contributor(s):: Patterson-Kane, E.
Researchers seem to be stuck reiterating the now-familiar argument that barren boxes are bad for welfare and that rodents are due ethical consideration. But the prerequisites for real progress are new kinds of arguments, new types of data, and removal of very real practical and cultural obstacles...
Effects of stocking rate on measures of efficacy and welfare during carbon dioxide gas euthanasia of young pigs
| Contributor(s):: Fiedler, K. J., Parsons, R. L., Sadler, L. J., Millman, S. T.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of chamber stocking rate on facets of animal welfare and efficacy during gas euthanasia of young pigs ( Sus scrofa domesticus). Crossbred pigs (390 neonatal and 270 weaned) designated for euthanasia at production farms were randomly assigned...
Environmental enrichment and social rank affects the fear and stress response to regular handling of dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Miranda-de la Lama, G. C., Pinal, R., Fuchs, K., Montaldo, H. H., Ducoing, A., Galindo, F.
A survey of the attitudes of stakeholders in the zoo industry towards the husbandry requirements of captive Great Apes
| Contributor(s):: Fernie, A. C., Tribe, A., Murray, P. J., Lisle, A., Phillips, C. J. C.
Acute effects of cage cleaning at different frequencies on laboratory rat behaviour and welfare
| Contributor(s):: Burn, C. C., Peters, A., Mason, G. J.