The HABRI Central Team continues to monitor emerging research and information about the COVID-19 pandemic. Visit our collection of resources, https://habricentral.org/features/covid-19
Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers
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| Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom
Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...
Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior
| Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.
Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...
Social dominance and legitimizing myths about animal use
| Contributor(s):: Jackson, L. M., Gibbings, A.
The present study tested the hypothesis that the relation between social dominance orientation and the endorsement of legitimizing myths about the human use of nonhuman animals is moderated by the salience of that use. Eighty-two student participants read an article about agriculture that focused...
Children's beliefs about animal minds (Child-BAM): associations with positive and negative child-animal interactions
| Contributor(s):: Hawkins, R. D., Williams, J. M.
Children and animals can have a great impact on each other's lives, yet little is known about the underpinnings of these relationships. Children's interactions with animals may be influenced by their belief in animal minds, that animals are sentient and experience thoughts and feelings. This...
Protocol for expert report on animal welfare in case of companion animal cruelty suspicion
| Contributor(s):: Hammerschmidt, J., Molento, C. F. M.
Animal welfare expert reports may support court decisions when animal abuse or maltreatment is suspected. The objective of this work is to adapt animal welfare assessment protocols to identify companion animal abuse. The proposed protocol includes four indicator categories: nutritional, comfort,...
Diurnal rhythms, locations and behavioural sequences associated with eliminative behaviours in fattening pigs
| Contributor(s):: Guo, YuGuang, Lian, XinMing, Yan, PeiShi
Understanding eliminative behaviours in pigs is very important to maintain individual and pen cleanliness. In this experiment, twenty fattening pigs were housed in four concrete floor pens with a floor space of 3.25 m 2 per pig and free accessibility of outdoor runs. We studied the diurnal...
Rooting area and drinker affect dunging behaviour of organic pigs
| Contributor(s):: Vermeer, H. M., Altena, H., Vereijken, P. F. G., Bracke, M. B. M.
Hygiene is a common problem on outdoor runs of growing organic pigs. Manure and urine are mainly excreted outdoors and tend to spread all over the run. Reducing the soiled surface area may be beneficial to animal welfare, hygiene, ammonia emissions and labour, not only in organic but also in...
Well-being and its roots
| Contributor(s):: Fraser, A. F.
This chapter describes the physiological and behavioural indicators of health and well-being in cats. The specific behavioural traits of some different cat breeds are also included.
The prevalence and implications of human-animal co-sleeping in an Australian sample
| Contributor(s):: Smith, B., Thompson, K., Clarkson, L., Dawson, D.
Sleep research is characterized by an interest in humans, with the realm of animal sleep left largely to ethologists and animal scientists. However, the lives of sleep-study participants and those with sleep problems frequently involve animals. For the majority of the population in developed...
Hediger revisited: how do zoo animals see us?
| Contributor(s):: Hosey, G.
Contact with people, both familiar (e.g., caretakers) and unfamiliar (e.g., members of the public), is a significant part of the lives of nonhuman animals in zoos. The available empirical evidence shows that in many cases this contact represents a source of stress to the animals, although there...
Welfare, health, and hygiene of laying hens housed in furnished cages and in alternative housing systems
| Contributor(s):: Rodenburg, T. B., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Sonck, B., Reu, K. de, Herman, L., Zoons, J.
The aim of this review was to compare welfare, health, and hygienic status of laying hens housed in furnished cages and in alternative systems. In alternative systems (floor housing and aviaries), birds have more freedom of movement and a more complex environment than in furnished cages. However,...
Are therapy dogs like xanax? Does animal-assisted therapy impact processes relevant to cognitive behavioral psychotherapy?
| Contributor(s):: Hunt, M. G., Chizkov, R. R.
Despite an increase in the popularity of animal-assisted therapy, little is known about the impact of animals on processes relevant to effective psychotherapy. This study tested the impact of having a dog present on process variables relevant to cognitive behavioral therapy, including emotional...
Operant conditioning of urination by calves
| Contributor(s):: Vaughan, A., Passille, A. M. de, Stookey, J., Rushen, J.
The accumulation of faeces and urine in dairy barns is a cause of cattle and human health concerns and environmental problems. It is usually assumed that cattle are not capable of controlling defecation and urination. We tested whether calves could be taught to urinate in a location using either...
Owners and pets exercising together: canine response to veterinarian-prescribed physical activity
| Contributor(s):: Byers, C. G., Wilson, C. C., Stephens, M. B., Goodie, J. L., Netting, F. E., Olsen, C. H.
Using a prospective, randomized, single-blinded clinical design, we enrolled dog owners (DOs) and their dogs presenting to a veterinary referral hospital in a two-phase trial to determine whether veterinarian-initiated counseling increases physical activity and leads to secondary health benefits...
The choice of litter material to promote pecking, scratching and dustbathing behaviours in laying hens housed in furnished cages
| Contributor(s):: Guinebretiere, M., Beyer, H., Arnould, C., Michel, V.
Since 2012 in the EU, cages for the housing of laying hens must provide nests, perches and a pecking and scratching area to promote natural behaviours and enhance animal welfare. Previous studies highlighted the difficulty of finding adequate materials for pecking and scratching areas in such...
Anxiety-reducing effect: dog, fish and plant in direct comparison
| Contributor(s):: Buttelmann, D., Rompke, A. K.
Animals have an anxiety-reducing effect on humans. However, in the search for which interventions are the most effective, one notices that studies in this field are not comparable as they all use different designs. Hereby, we investigated the anxiety reducing abilities of different animals and a...
Litterbox size preference in domestic cats ( Felis catus)
| Contributor(s):: Guy, N. C., Hopson, M., Vanderstichel, R.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the response of healthy housebound domestic cats to the simultaneous provision of 2 litterboxes of differing sizes by recording the average daily frequency of urination and defecation in each box. Forty-three households with 74 privately owned cats were...
The relationship between types of human-animal interaction and attitudes about animals: an exploratory study
| Contributor(s):: Mueller, M. K.
Existing theory and research suggests that understanding the nuances of particular instantiations of human-animal relationships is important in promoting positive, mutually beneficial relationships between people and animals. One such aspect of human-animal interaction (HAI) involves species of...