Programmed parturition assistance (PPA) in primiparous wool-type ewes improves mother-lamb behaviour at lambing
Contributor(s):: Regueiro, Mariel, Jorge-Smeding, Ezequiel, Baldi, Fernando, Borda, Agustina Idiarte, López-Mazz, Carlos, Banchero, Georgget
Suckling activity and calf growth in a group of crossbred cows each rearing two foster calves
Contributor(s):: Rosecrans, J. G., Hohenboken, W. D.
Each of 3 Limousin X (Holstein-Friesian (HF) X Aberdeen-Angus) and 6 Limousin X (HF X Hereford) cows was presented with 2 alien calves within 5 min of parturition. Each cow's own calf was removed, and later fostered to another cow. Foster trios were observed periodically until introduction to the...
Changes in the behaviour before normal calving to predict its onset in Mediterranean buffaloes heifers
Contributor(s):: Lanzoni, L., Chincarini, M., Giammarco, M., Fusaro, I., Iannotta, M., Podaliri, M., Contri, A., Gloria, A., Vignola, G.
The View of the French Dog Breeders in Relation to Female Reproduction, Maternal Care and Stress during the Peripartum Period
| Contributor(s):: Natalia R. dos Santos, Alexandra Beck, Alain Fontbonne
In France, as in many other western countries, dogs are an important part of the society as pets or working animals. The exact demand for puppies in France is unknown, as is the proportion of dogs coming from different breeding sources. Nevertheless, the origin of puppies is important since...
Out-of-season breeding and ewe-lamb bond from birth to weaning in Corriedale sheep
| Contributor(s):: Menant, Ophélie, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo, Lévy, Frédéric, Pérez-Clariget, Raquel, Freitas-de-Melo, Aline
Out-of-season lambing is based in productive aims; however also modifies the basic physiology of the ewe. It might affect ewes and lambs’ behaviours at birth, their bond, the process of lambs’ independence from their mothers and their response to weaning. This study aimed to compare...
Welfare and performance of sows and piglets in farrowing pens with temporary crating system on a Spanish commercial farm
| Contributor(s):: Ko, Heng-Lun, Temple, Déborah, Hales, Janni, Manteca, Xavier, Llonch, Pol
The study aimed to compare the welfare and performance of sows and piglets in three different farrowing systems (farrowing crate (FC) and farrowing pen with temporary crating (TC): SWAP and JLF15). One batch of crossbred Duroc was followed in every season. There were 18 sows (183 piglets) in...
A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms
| Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da
Effects of the maternal behavioral characteristics of lying down on piglet crushing in Minpig and Yorkshire sows
| Contributor(s):: Huang, Xuankai, Yan, Haoyu, Wang, Tiantian, Li, Ke, Guo, Yuanyuan, Wang, Zhipeng, Di, Shengwei, Wang, Xibiao, Cui, Shiquan
Maternal crushing has been shown to be the main reason for piglet losses, which occur primarily during sow posture changes. Minpig is a local breed in China with good maternal instincts and lower nursing losses. However, little is known about the behavioral reasons for Minpig sows having fewer...
Duration of phase II of labour negatively affects maternal behaviour and lamb viability in wool-type primiparous ewes under extensive rearing
| Contributor(s):: Regueiro, Mariel, López-Mazz, Carlos, Jorge-Smeding, Ezequiel, Baldi, Fernando, Banchero, Georgget
This study determined to what extent the duration of labour phase II under extensive rearing would affect lamb viability and maternal behaviour in primiparous (P) single-bearing Corriedale ewes (n = 63). Multiparous (M) ewes (n = 116) were used as control category, reared under the same...
Maternal nutrition and antioxidant supplementation: Effects on mother–young behaviors in a Patagonian sheep extensive grazing system
| Contributor(s):: Sales, Francisco, Parraguez, Victor H., Freitas-de-Melo, Aline, Ungerfeld, Rodolfo
Undernourishment is a frequent condition in sheep pregnancies under extensive systems, since most of the pregnancies occur when the prairie has the lowest forage allowance. Underfed sheep pregnancies are associated with maternal-fetal oxidative stress, low birth weight and deteriorated ewe–lamb...
Prepartum nest-building has an impact on postpartum nursing performance and maternal behaviour in early lactating sows
| Contributor(s):: Yun, Jinhyeon, Swan, Kirsi-Marja, Farmer, Chantal, Oliviero, Claudio, Peltoniemi, Olli, Valros, Anna
The effects of facilitating prepartum nest-building (NB) behaviour, by providing abundant nesting materials, on postpartum maternal characteristics in early lactating sows were evaluated. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE...
Nest-building in sows: Effects of farrowing housing on hormonal modulation of maternal characteristics
| Contributor(s):: Yun, Jinhyeon, Swan, Kirsi-Marja, Vienola, Kirsi, Farmer, Chantal, Oliviero, Claudio, Peltoniemi, Olli, Valros, Anna
Prepartum nesting opportunities may improve maternal characteristics and welfare of sows during parturition and lactation. We investigated the effects of provision of space and nesting material prior to parturition on circulating oxytocin concentrations, maternal characteristics and their...
Nest building and posture changes and activity budget of gilts housed in pens and crates
| Contributor(s):: Andersen, Inger Lise, Vasdal, Guro, Pedersen, Lene Juul
The aim of the present work was to study nest building, posture changes and the overall activity budget of gilts in pens vs. crates. Twenty-three HB gilts (high piglet survival day 5) and 21 LB gilts (low piglet survival day 5) were video recorded from day 110 in pregnancy to four days after...
Maternal behaviour in beef cows is individually consistent and sensitive to cow body condition, calf sex and weight
| Contributor(s):: Stěhulová, Ilona, Špinka, Marek, Šárová, Radka, Máchová, Lydie, Kněz, Robert, Firla, Pavel
Beef cows’ maternal care is essential for calf survival and fitness. In this study, we assessed the consistency of maternal care within and between lactations and investigated whether maternal care increases with mother's parity and body condition and whether mothers care more intensely for males...
Litter competition during nursings and its effect on sow response on Day 2 postpartum
| Contributor(s):: Bozděchová, Barbora, Illmann, Gudrun, Andersen, Inger Lise, Haman, Jiří, Ehrlenbruch, Rebecca
The aim of the present study was to assess neonatal sibling competition during nursing on Day 2 postpartum (pp) as well as its effect on the sow's responses. A total of 41 healthy loose-housed sows and their piglets were directly observed and video recorded for 6h on Day 2 pp. Piglet behaviours...
Behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two Min pig hybrid breeds in outdoor housing systems
| Contributor(s):: Liu, Hong-gui, Wang, Chao, Lv, Jing, Yu, Yun-qing, Zhang, Jun-ling, Bao, Jun
When sows and their litters are kept outdoors, the maternal ability, including maternal behavior, is very important for piglet health and survival. The aim of this study was to compare part of maternal behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two different conventionally bred Min pig...
Individual differences in calf defence patterns in Red Angus beef cows
| Contributor(s):: Flörcke, Cornelia, Engle, Terry E., Grandin, Temple, Deesing, Mark J.
The objective of this study was to evaluate differences in individual calf defence behaviour patterns and maternal protective behaviour of beef cows 24h after calving. A single herd was observed on an extensive ranch in Colorado, USA. A total of 341 cow–calf pairs (95% Red Angus and 5%...
Impact of social stress during gestation and environmental enrichment during lactation on the maternal behavior of sows
| Contributor(s):: Ringgenberg, Nadine, Bergeron, Renée, Meunier-Salaün, Marie-Christine, Devillers, Nicolas
The impact of a social stress in gestation and an enriched pen in lactation on components of sow maternal behavior was studied in a 2×2 factorial experiment. At breeding, 41 sows were assigned to a social mixing stress treatment (T) during mid-gestation or a control group (C). During lactation,...
Genetic and environmental effects on piglet survival and maternal behaviour of the farrowing sow
| Contributor(s):: Baxter, Emma M., Jarvis, Susan, Sherwood, Lorna, Farish, Marianne, Roehe, Rainer, Lawrence, Alistair B., Edwards, Sandra A.
There is growing external pressure to abolish the farrowing crate, however alternative farrowing systems need to equal or surpass the performance (i.e. piglet survival) of more restrictive systems. In order to achieve consistent improvement in piglet survival genetic selection strategies...
Ewes are more attentive to their offspring experiencing pain but not stress
| Contributor(s):: Hild, Sophie, Clark, Corinna C. A., Dwyer, Catherine M., Murrell, Joanna C., Mendl, Mike, Zanella, Adroaldo J.
The goal of this experiment was to detect if maternal care by ewes could be effective in mitigating psychological or physiological stress or pain in their offspring. We hypothesised that ewes are able to recognise when their offspring undergo an adverse experience and will adapt their maternal...