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  1. Review of human-animal interactions and their impact on animal productivity and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Idrus, Zulkifli

    Humans and animals are in regular and at times close contact in modern intensive farming systems. The quality of human-animal interactions can have a profound impact on the productivity and welfare of farm animals. Interactions by humans may be neutral, positive or negative in nature. Regular...

  2. Behaviour and welfare in relation to pathology

    Contributor(s):: Broom, D. M.

    Behaviour is an important way of adapting to disease for individuals and selective pressures resulting from disease have had major consequences for the evolution of behaviour. Behaviour, adrenal and other physiological responses, immunological responses and brain activity all help in coping with...

  3. Manifestations of chronic and acute stress in dogs

    Contributor(s):: Beerda, B., Schilder, M. B. H., Hooff, J. A. R. A. M. van, Vries, H. W. de

    In order to evaluate stress responses as potential indicators of poor welfare in dogs, studies dealing with dogs subjected to stressors (noise of up to 3000 Hz at a level of 70, 78 and 87 dB, transport, electric shock) were reviewed. Several sources of misinterpretation have to be considered...

  4. The behavioural, physiological and immunological responses of lambs from two rearing systems and two genotypes to exposure to humans

    Contributor(s):: Goddard, P. J., Fawcett, A. R., Macdonald, A. J., Reid, H. W.

    96 lambs of 2 genotypes (Scottish Blackface: BF and Texel x (Blue-faced Leicester x Scottish Blackface): T) were studied. From birth to weaning 1 of 2 management regimes was applied: extensive (E), whereby animals were handled as little as possible or semi-intensive (I), in which lambs...

  5. Psychoneuroimmunology: Toward a mindbody model: A critical review

    Contributor(s):: Pelletier, Kenneth R., Herzing, Denise L.

  6. Animal-based measures for welfare assessment

    Contributor(s):: Sevi, A.

    Animal welfare assessment cannot be irrespective of measures taken on animals. Indeed, housing parameters related to structures, design and micro-environment, even when reliable and easier to take, can only identify conditions which could be detrimental to animal welfare, but cannot predict poor...

  7. Artificial weaning in sheep: consequences on behavioural, hormonal and immuno-pathological indicators of welfare

    Contributor(s):: Orgeur, P., Mavric, N., Yvore, P., Bernard, S., Nowak, R., Schaal, B., Levy, F.

    The consequences on animal welfare of 2 weaning procedures currently used for sheep in France: (1) progressive weaning (PROG) with daily separation starting when lambs are 3.5 weeks of age increasing in duration until definitive weaning at 3 months and (2) sudden weaning (SUDD) at 3 months, were...