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A survey of abnormal repetitive behaviors in North American river otters housed in zoos
Contributor(s):: Morabito, P., Bashaw, M. J.
Stereotypic behaviors, indicating poor welfare and studied in a variety of species (especially carnivores), appear related to characteristics of current and past environments. Although North American river otters (Lontra canadensis) often develop abnormal, repetitive, possibly stereotypic...
Animal welfare - scientific approaches to the issues
Contributor(s):: Millman, S. T.
Nonhuman animal welfare is of significant public interest, globally and within the United States. Value-based judgments are intrinsic to animal welfare assessment, according to the relative weighting of factors associated with animal performance, health, affective states, and natural living. The...
Current attitudes toward, and incidence of, sterilization of cats and dogs by caregivers (owners) in Auckland, New Zealand
Contributor(s):: McKay, S. A., Farnworth, M. J., Waran, N. K.
This study distributed a questionnaire to cat or dog caregivers (owners) throughout Auckland, New Zealand, to investigate the attitudes of human companions toward the sterilization of their cats and dogs and the degree to which this occurs relative to demographic information gathered. A total of...
Influence of stocking density on tonic immobility, lameness, and tibial dyschondroplasia in broilers
Contributor(s):: Sanotra, G. S., Lawson, L. G., Vestergaard, K. S.
This study assessed the effect of stocking density on the development of fear reaction (tonic immobility), lameness (gait), and tibial dyschondroplasia in broiler chicks of mixed sex. During 3 experiments, the study used 49 500 broiler chicks (Ross 208). Of these, 432 focal chicks were randomly...
Risk factors and remediation of self-injurious and self-abuse behavior in rhesus macaques
Contributor(s):: Rommeck, I., Anderson, K., Heagerty, A., Cameron, A., McCowan, B.
Considered signs of decreased welfare - abnormal behaviors such as self-injury and self-abuse among nonhuman primates housed in the laboratory - may put into question the validity and reliability of scientific research using these animals as models. Providing environmental enrichment decreases...
Using data collected for production or economic purposes to research production animal welfare: an epidemiological approach
Contributor(s):: Dewey, C., Haley, C., Widowski, T., Friendship, R., Sunstrum, J., Richardson, K.
Epidemiologists use the analyses of large data sets collected for production or economic purposes to research production nonhuman animal welfare issues in the commercial setting. This approach is particularly useful if the welfare issue is rare or hard to reproduce. However, to ensure the...
Welfare assessments based on lifetime health and production data in Danish dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Sandoe, P., Thomsen, P. T.
The objective of this study was to describe how information about the whole lifetime of the cow can be used when defining nonhuman animal-based criteria of the welfare of animals on the farm. Often measured over a short period, disease occurrence provides information relevant for assessing the...
Non-accidental injuries found in necropsies of domestic cats: a review of 191 cases
Contributor(s):: Siqueira, A. de, Cassiano, F. C., Landi, M. F. de A., Marlet, E. F., Maiorka, P. C.
A preliminary study investigating the physical welfare and welfare code compliance for tethered and free-ranging horses on common land in South Wales
Contributor(s):: Samuel, E. K., Whay, H. R., Mullan, S.
Impact of rapid treatment of sheep lame with footrot on welfare and economics and farmer attitudes to lameness in sheep
Contributor(s):: Green, L. E., Kaler, J., Wassink, G. J., King, E. M., Thomas, R. G.
Incidence of dog bites and public attitudes towards dog care and management in Samoa
Contributor(s):: Farnworth, M. J., Blaszak, K. A., Hiby, E. F., Waran, N. K.
Is the mechanisation of catching broilers a welfare improvement?
Contributor(s):: Delezie, E., Lips, D., Lips, R., Decuypere, E.
Survey of the incidence of post-stun behavioural reflexes in electrically stunned broilers in commercial conditions and the relationship of their incidence with the applied water-bath electrical parameters
Contributor(s):: Anastasov, M. I., Wotton, S. B.
The epidemiology of behavioural problems in dogs and cats: a survey of veterinary practitioners
Contributor(s):: Fatjo, J., Ruiz-de-la-Torre, J. L., Manteca, X.
The welfare of growing pigs in five different production systems in France and Spain: assessment of health
Contributor(s):: Temple, D., Courboulay, V., Velarde, A., Dalmau, A., Manteca, X.
Uptake and effectiveness of interventions to reduce claw lesions in 40 dairy herds in the UK
Contributor(s):: Barker, Z. E., Wright, J. L., Blowey, R. W., Amory, J. R., Green, L. E.
Welfare risk assessment: the benefits and common pitfalls
Contributor(s):: Collins, L. M.
Risk factors for the development of behavior problems in a population of Iranian domestic dogs: results of a pilot survey
Contributor(s):: Khoshnegah, J., Azizzadeh, M., Gharaie, A. M.
Prevalence and risk factors of behavior problems observed in dogs presented to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran, were evaluated using a survey of canine behavior problems. Information was collected from 368 successfully completed questionnaires on...
The effects of cage volume and cage shape on the condition and behaviour of captive European starlings ( Sturnus vulgaris )
Contributor(s):: Asher, L., Davies, G. T. O., Bertenshaw, C. E., Cox, M. A. A., Bateson, M.
Cage size is widely recognised as an important determinant of captive animal welfare, but in contrast, cage shape has received far less attention. Husbandry recommendations for flying birds state that cages should be long in shape because this allows greater potential for flight. However, so far...
Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters
Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.
Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...