Current opinion on maximizing veterinary profession growth and contributions
Contributor(s):: Nimmanapalli, R., Donapaty, S. R.
Veterinary profession sphere overlaps three major biology arenas namely agriculture, basic sciences, and human medicine. Thus, so far the investments in veterinary field are not proportional to the scope of their responsibilities. Rededication and rejuvenation can help veterinary profession to...
Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris) in central India
Contributor(s):: Reddy, C. S., Reuven, Yosef
To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...
"It's a conspiracy theory and climate change": Of beastly encounters and cervine disappearances in Himalayan India
Contributor(s):: Nayanika Mathur
This paper traces the introduction of the category of climate change into the Indian Himalaya. Climate change emerged as an explanation for recurring incidences of human-animal conflict and the disappearance of a protected species through the labours of the local state bureaucracy. Even as the...
Living on the edge: attitudes of rural communities toward Bengal tigers ( Panthera tigris) in central India
To date, most studies of the Bengal tiger ( Panthera tigris) are of biological research, techniques, conservation, population modeling, or tiger-human conflicts. Few studies have attempted to understand the rural population that share a region with the tigers, and some of the villages are even...
A role of Fair Trade certification for environmental sustainability
Contributor(s):: Makita, R.
Although most studies on the Fair Trade initiative are, to some extent, cognizant of its contribution to environmental sustainability, what the environmental aspect means to Fair Trade has not yet been explored fully. A review of environmental issues in the Fair Trade literature suggests that...
Politics of biodiversity conservation and socio ecological conflicts in a city: the case of Sanjay Gandhi National Park, Mumbai
Contributor(s):: Amrita, Sen, Sarmistha, Pattanaik
Loss of the green belts in the cities as an antecedent outcome of haphazard and irregular urbanization as one of the principle factors has a negative bearing on the socio ecological services that nature entails. Our paper represents the conditions under which the contemporary statist...
Prevalence of stereotypies and its possible causes among captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus) in Tamil Nadu, India
Contributor(s):: Vanitha, Varadharajan, Thiyagesan, Krishnamoorthy, Baskaran, Nagarajan
Animals in captivity are often confined in small barren enclosures, preventing adequate exercise, and socialization with conspecifics. Captivity is also known for depriving young individuals' association with maternal relatives by weaning away from their mothers' earlier than what their peers...
Evaluation of environmental and intrinsic factors that contribute to stereotypic behavior in captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta)
Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, D. H., Maier, A., Coleman, K.
Full body repetitive behaviors, known as motor stereotypic behaviors (MSBs), are one of the most commonly seen abnormal behaviors in captive non-human primates, and are frequently used as a behavioral measure of well-being. The main goal of this paper was to examine the role of environmental...
Cows, milk and religion: the use of dairy produce in early societies
Contributor(s):: McCormick, F.
This review of documentary sources, particularly from Early Mesopotamia, Egypt, India and Europe seeks to show how the range of dairy products varied in different areas and to demonstrate that in many societies, cows and dairying played an important role in early religious practice. The range of...
Behavioral abnormalities in captive nonhuman primates
Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Choudhury, B. C.
In this study, we dealt with 11 species of non-human primates across 10 zoos in India. We recorded behaviour as instantaneous scans between 9 a.m. and 5 p.m. In the study, we segregated behaviours for analyses into abnormal, undesirable, active, and resting. The 4 types of abnormal behaviour...
Enclosure design and space utilization by Indian leopards ( Panthera pardus ) in four zoos in Southern India
Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Qamar, Qureshi, Ravi, Chellam
Enclosure design and the use of enclosure space influence the activity budget of captive leopards. The study laid out in grids all enclosures on the base map and segregated these grids into 4 zones. Every 5 min, the study recorded the proportion of time spent in these zones with the leopards'...
Influence of zoo visitor presence on the behavior of captive Indian gaur ( Bos gaurus gaurus ) in a Zoological Park
Contributor(s):: Mahadevan, Sekar, Thangavel, Rajagopal, Govindaraju, Archunan
Visitors to zoos can be a source of potential disturbance and stress to some captive, nonhuman animals in the wild. To determine the influence of visitor presence on captive bison (Bos gaurus gaurus), the study analysed the behaviour of 4 individuals at the Arignar Anna Zoological Park, India....
Social life of captive Asian elephants ( Elephas maximus ) in Southern India: implications for elephant welfare
Contributor(s):: Varadharajan, Vanitha, Krishnamoorthy, Thiyagesan, Nagarajan, Baskaran
Asian elephants in the wild live in complex social societies; in captivity, however, management often occurs in solitary conditions, especially at the temples and private places of India. To investigate the effect of social isolation, this study assessed the social group sizes and the presence of...
The role of zoos in the rehabilitation of animals in the circus
Contributor(s):: Gupta, B. K., Bipul, Chakraborty
In 1998, the government of India enforced a ban on performance/exhibition of 5 species of nonhuman animals: (a) lions, (b) tigers, (c) leopards, (d) bears, and (e) monkeys. The Ministry of Environment and Forests gave the responsibility to the Central Zoo Authority (CZA) for rehabilitation of...
Use of enclosure space by captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus ) housed in Indian zoos
Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Waran, N., Anindya, Sinha
Captive nonhuman animals use enclosure space differentially. Enclosure features strongly influence this. This study recorded both the enclosure space used by 47 captive lion-tailed macaques housed in 13 zoos across India and the behaviour of the macaques. The exhibition of abnormal behaviors,...
Information need of owners regarding dog's healthcare, zoonotic diseases and marketing
Contributor(s):: Basarajappa, A. D., Rupasi, Tiwari, Rakesh, Roy, Davinder, Singh, Matt, V. T., Devan, Arora
The present study was purposively conducted at Clinical Complex, VeterinaryCollege, Hebbal, Bangalore; Referral Polyclinic, IVRI, Izatnagar; Veterinary polyclinic, GBPUAT, Pantnagar and Veterinary hospital, Palam, New Delhi, India. From each clinical complex, 50 pet dog owners were selected...
The biopolitics of animal being and welfare: dog control and care in the UK and India
Contributor(s):: Krithika, Srinivasan
Non-economic incentives to improve animal welfare: positive competition as a driver for change among owners of draught and pack animals in India
Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Dijk, L. van, Ali, M., Pradhan, S. K.
Snakes that drink water, wine, or blood: what do snakes drink according to ancient sources?
Contributor(s):: Trinquier, Jean
Non-violence towards animals in the thinking of Gandhi: the problem of animal husbandry
Contributor(s):: Burgat, F.
The question of the imperatives induced by the Gandhian concept of non-violence towards animals is an issue that has been neglected by specialists on the thinking of the Mahatma. The aim of this article is to highlight the systematic - and significant - character of this particular aspect of his...