The biopolitics of animal being and welfare: dog control and care in the UK and India
Contributor(s):: Krithika, Srinivasan
Non-economic incentives to improve animal welfare: positive competition as a driver for change among owners of draught and pack animals in India
Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Dijk, L. van, Ali, M., Pradhan, S. K.
Non-violence towards animals in the thinking of Gandhi: the problem of animal husbandry
Contributor(s):: Burgat, F.
The question of the imperatives induced by the Gandhian concept of non-violence towards animals is an issue that has been neglected by specialists on the thinking of the Mahatma. The aim of this article is to highlight the systematic - and significant - character of this particular aspect of his...
Inter- and intra-sexual behaviour of free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris )
Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K., Ghosh, B., Roy, S.
During March 1994 to February 1997 the sexual behaviour of a total of 292 free-ranging dogs was observed weekly in the town of Katwa in West Bengal. Of all resident females, 20 oestrus females were studied as focal animals. The number of males which courted a female ranged from 6 to 28 (mean...
Parental care in free-ranging dogs, Canis familiaris
Contributor(s):: Pal, S. K.
Parental care in free-ranging dogs was investigated in Katwa town, India. Six lactating bitches, 4 were monogamous. The gestation period varied from 62 to 65 days. Mean (+or-S.D.) litter size of 5.83 (+or-1.57) with a sex ratio of 1.69:1 in favour of male was recorded in this study. High...
Assessment of the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys, using health and behaviour parameters
Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Lindberg, A. C., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.
Working animals provide an essential transport resource in developing countries worldwide. Many of these animals are owned by poor people and work in harsh environments, so their welfare is a cause for concern. A protocol was developed to assess the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys in...
Role of youth in animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Katoch, R. C., Shivani, Katoch
Animal consciousness and ethics in Asia and the Pacific
Contributor(s):: Macer, D.
Behavioural problems in dogs - a review
Contributor(s):: Srivastava, A. K.
Behaviour is the action due to the relationship between the animal and its environment. Behavioural responses are adaptive for survival. The behaviour includes all processes by which an individual senses the external world and the internal state of its body and responds to the change which it...
Embarking on the second green revolution for sustainable agriculture in India: a judicious mix of traditional wisdom and modern knowledge in ecological farming
Contributor(s):: Sinha, R. K.
The Green Revolution in India which was heralded in the 1960s was a mixed blessing. Ambitious use of agrochemicals boosted food production but also destroyed the agricultural ecosystem. Of late, Indian farmers and agricultural scientists have realized this and are anxious to find alternatives...
The community vs. the market and the state: forest use in Uttarakhand in the Indian Himalayas
Contributor(s):: Arun, Agrawal
It has generally been presumed that local populations, if they act in their self-interest, seldom conserve or protect natural resources without external intervention or privatization. Using the example of forest management by villagers in the Indian Himalayas, this paper argues that rural...
Draught animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Ramaswamy, N. S.
A note on enrichment for captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus )
Contributor(s):: Mallapur, A., Waran, N., Anindya, Sinha
Two enrichment techniques were devised with the aim of reducing stress and improving welfare for captive lion-tailed macaques in an Indian zoo. In Study A, a log, cotton ropes and a feeding basket were added to the enclosures in different combinations to provide structural and feeding enrichment...
Agonistic behaviour of free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris ) in relation to season, sex and age
Observations on the agonistic behaviour of 12 free-ranging dogs from 2 neighbouring groups were recorded in Katwa town, India. Both intra- and inter-group agonistic encounters were recorded for 4 h/day from March 1995 to February 1996. Agonistic encounters were more common between inter- than...
Dispersal behaviour of free-ranging dogs ( Canis familiaris ) in relation to age, sex, season and dispersal distance
The dispersal of free-ranging dogs from Katwa, West Bengal, India, was studied between January 1993 and December 1996. Between January 1993 and September 1996, 315 pups were observed from 64 litters. Pups were born between October and March each year, with a peak between November and January. The...
Maturation and development of social behaviour during early ontogeny in free-ranging dog puppies in West Bengal, India
Six bitches and their offspring were observed in the natural environment to study the early ontogeny of certain processes like eye opening, nipple preference, play, sexual activities and locomotion. Thirteen puppies out of 35 survived at the age of 3 months indicating 63% mortality. Eye slits...
Preliminary observations on the differences in reproductive behaviour between breeding and non-breeding captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus ) housed in Indian zoos
Contributor(s):: Mallapur, A., Waran, N., Seaman, S., Anindya, Sinha
Rearing history and levels of abnormal behaviour exhibited by lion-tailed macaques housed in Indian zoos was found to influence their ability to breed. Proven breeders were born in zoos while the non-breeding individuals were confiscated from private owners. Proven breeders also exhibited...
Factors influencing the behaviour and welfare of captive lion-tailed macaques in Indian zoos
Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Waran, N., Anindya, Sinha
A behavioural study was conducted on 47 lion-tailed macaques housed in 13 zoos across India. An ethogram was constructed and behavioural observations conducted using qualitative sampling ad libitum, focal animal sampling and instantaneous scans. Sampling was conducted only during the day when...
Influence of visitor presence on the behaviour of captive lion-tailed macaques ( Macaca silenus ) housed in Indian zoos
Contributor(s):: Avanti, Mallapur, Anindya, Sinha, Waran, N.
To study the influence of 'visitor presence' on captive lion-tailed macaques, a behavioural study (Short Term Effects) was conducted on 30 individuals housed in 8 zoos across India. The study animals were observed on 'visitor presence' days and on 'visitor absence' days, which were zoo holidays....
Family traditions for mahouts of Asian elephants
Contributor(s):: Hart, L., Sundar
The mahout and elephant relationship is one of the oldest human-animal relationships, possibly beginning as far back as 5,000 years ago. Valued for their assistance in war and work, elephants were trained and managed using methods described in ancient Indian texts. The lifelong job of mahouts...