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  1. Provisioning the ritual neolithic site of Kfar HaHoresh, Israel at the dawn of animal management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Meier, J. S., Goring-Morris, A. N., Munro, N. D.

    It is widely agreed that a pivotal shift from wild animal hunting to herd animal management, at least of goats, began in the southern Levant by the Middle Pre-Pottery Neolithic B period (10,000-9,500 cal. BP) when evidence of ritual activities flourished in the region. As our knowledge of this...

  2. Identification and development of measures suitable as potential breeding traits regarding dairy cows' reactivity towards humans

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ebinghaus, A., Ivemeyer, S., Rupp, J., Knierim, U.

    Behavioural indicators of the human-animal relationship (HAR) are predominantly used in animal welfare science. However, the reactivity of dairy cows - as part of the HAR - is also of interest in the context of dairy breeding, due to its estimated moderate heritability. The avoidance distance...

  3. Acoustic analysis of cattle ( Bos taurus) mother-offspring contact calls from a source-filter theory perspective

    | Contributor(s):: Torre, M. P. de la, Briefer, E. F., Reader, T., McElligott, A. G.

    Cattle vocalisations have been proposed as potential indicators of animal welfare. However, very few studies have investigated the acoustic structure and information encoded in these vocalisations using advanced analysis techniques. Vocalisations play key roles in a wide range of communication...

  4. Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism

    | Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.

    The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...

  5. Welfare assessments based on lifetime health and production data in Danish dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Houe, H., Sandoe, P., Thomsen, P. T.

    The objective of this study was to describe how information about the whole lifetime of the cow can be used when defining nonhuman animal-based criteria of the welfare of animals on the farm. Often measured over a short period, disease occurrence provides information relevant for assessing the...

  6. Assessment time of the Welfare Quality protocol for dairy cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Vries, M. de, Engel, B., Uijl, I. den, Schaik, G. van, Dijkstra, T., Boer, I. de, Bokkers, E. A. M.

  7. Attitudes of dairy farmers toward cow welfare in relation to housing, management and productivity

    | Contributor(s):: Kauppinen, T., Valros, A., Vesala, K. M.

  8. Development and testing of an on-farm welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S.

  9. Evaluation of on-farm veal calves' responses to unfamiliar humans and potential influencing factors

    | Contributor(s):: Leruste, H., Bokkers, E. A. M., Heutinck, L. F. M., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Werf, J. T. N. van der, Brscic, M., Cozzi, G., Engel, B., Reenen, C. G. van, Lensink, B. J.

  10. Automated monitoring of behavioural-based animal welfare indicators

    | Contributor(s):: Rushen, J., Chapinal, N., Passille, A. M. de

  11. Effects of human handling during early rearing on the behaviour of dairy calves

    | Contributor(s):: Schutz, K. E., Hawke, M., Waas, J. R., McLeay, L. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Reenen, C. G. van, Webster, J. R., Stewart, M.

  12. Indicators of undernutrition in cattle

    | Contributor(s):: Agenas, S., Heath, M. F., Nixon, R. M., Wilkinson, J. M., Phillips, C. J. C.

  13. Stress at slaughter in cattle: role of reactivity profile and environmental factors

    | Contributor(s):: Terlouw, E. M. C., Bourguet, C., Deiss, V.

  14. Eye white may indicate emotional state on a frustration-contentedness axis in dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Sandem, A. I., Braastad, B. O., Boe, K. E.

    Research on welfare indicators has focused primarily on indicators of poor welfare, but there is also a need for indicators that can cover the range from good to poor welfare. The aim of this experiment was to compare behaviour elements in dairy cows shown in response to a frustrative situation...

  15. A short note on effects of exposure to a novel stimulus (umbrella) on behaviour and percentage of eye-white in cows

    | Contributor(s):: Sandem, A. I., Janczak, A. M., Braastad, B. O.

    The present experiment aimed at investigating the sensitivity of "eye-white percentage" as a dynamic indicator of fear in 16 dairy cows and describing the startle response provoked by sudden exposure to an unfamiliar suddenly opened umbrella. Sudden opening of the umbrella 0-2 m in front of cows...

  16. Characterising the emotional reactivity of cows to understand and predict their stress reactions to the slaughter procedure

    | Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Gobert, M., Durand, D., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.

    The present study on 32 Normand cows evaluated whether it is possible to identify, during rearing, individuals likely to be relatively reactive to the slaughter procedure. It evaluated further which factors may contribute to stress during the pre-slaughter period. Behavioural and physiological...

  17. Exploring stock managers' perceptions of the human-animal relationship on dairy farms and an association with milk production

    | Contributor(s):: Bertenshaw, C., Rowlinson, P.

    A human's attitude towards animals influences their behavior around animals, thus affecting the quality of the human-animal relationship (HAR). Many scientific studies have demonstrated that cattle's fear-response to humans affects their productivity, behavior, and welfare. In the scientific...

  18. Cow gait scores and kinematic gait data: can people see gait irregularities?

    | Contributor(s):: Nuffel, A. van, Sprenger, M., Tuyttens, F. A. M., Maertens, W.

    Increasing lameness problems associated with intensified dairy cattle production has lead to the development of several techniques to automatically detect these problems. Comparisons of these new measuring techniques of cow locomotion with the conventional subjective observer scoring are scarce....

  19. Evaluation of a welfare indicator protocol for assessing animal welfare in AMS herds: researcher, production advisor and veterinary practitioner opinion

    | Contributor(s):: Rousing, T., Jakobsen, I. A., Hindhede, J., Klaas, I. C., Bonde, M., Sorensen, J. T.

    A welfare indicator protocol integrating a total of 38 measures from 4 information sources: housing system, management, animal behaviour and clinical health has been developed for decision support in Automatic Milking System (AMS) herds. Two expert opinion studies focusing on the relevance of the...

  20. Frequency of dehydration and metabolic depletion in cattle and water buffalo transported from India to a livestock market in Bangladesh

    | Contributor(s):: Alam, M. R., Gregory, N. G., Jabbar, M. A., Uddin, M. S., Widdicombe, J. P., Kibria, A. S. M. G., Khan, M. S. I., Mannan, A.

    The effects of presumed long distance transport on blood parameters were examined in cattle and water buffalo exported from India to Bangladesh. The aim was to assess the welfare of the animals in terms of the frequency of dehydration, metabolic depletion and muscle injury or activation, when...