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  1. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus

    Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.

    With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...

  2. Fleeing from fleas on your cat, dog, or you

    Contributor(s):: Robert G. Holmberg

    Fleas are small, laterally flattened, wingless insects that suck blood from warm-blooded animals.  There are about 2,500 species.  Most are parasites of mammals; about 100 species feed on birds.  In North America, 19 species bite humans.

  3. With man's best friend

    Contributor(s):: Collins, J. M., Lorber, B., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on human diseases associated with exposure to dogs. The epidemiology of local infections following dog bites, as well as the initial bite management, antibiotic prophylaxis, antibiotic treatment of infection, and prevention of dog bites are discussed. The life-threatening...

  4. Use of conditioned place preference/avoidance tests to assess affective states in fish

    Contributor(s):: Millot, S., Cerqueira, M., Castanheira, M. F., Overli, O., Martins, C. I. M., Oliveira, R. F.

    Animal welfare has been defined as the balance between positive and negative experiences or affective states. Despite the growing evidence of complex cognitive abilities and the expression of affective states such as pain and fear, very little is known about ability to experience memory based...

  5. Hormonal stress response of laboratory mice to conventional and minimally invasive bleeding techniques

    Contributor(s):: Voigt, C. C., Klockner, P., Touma, C., Neuschl, C., Brockmann, G., Goritz, F., Palme, R., Thomsen, R.

  6. Ethical issues associated with sheep fly strike research, prevention, and control

    Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    This paper deals with ethical issues associated with fly strike research, prevention and control. It is argued that in their attempt to find control solutions and to understand the disorder, Australasian researchers increase sheep suffering by conducting experiments that artificially induce fly...

  7. Grooming and control of fleas in cats

    Contributor(s):: Eckstein, R. A., Hart, B. L.

    Oral grooming is common in cats, as in rodent and bovid species where grooming has been shown to be effective in removing lice and ticks. In Experiment 1, we examined the effectiveness of oral grooming in removing fleas which are the main ectoparasite of cats. Elizabethan collars (E-collars)...

  8. Hygiene measures for animal-assisted interventions in hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals and retirement homes

    Contributor(s):: Hoffmann, C., Herr, C., Eikmann, T.

    Active or passive interactions with animals in animal-assisted interventions can be of great physical (reduction of hypertension, cardiac and circulatory troubles, muscle relaxation, pain relief etc.) and psychosocial (reduction of loneliness, fear and hostility, improvement of self-confidence)...

  9. Face-fly pest intensity, fly-avoidance behavior (bunching) and grazing time in Holstein heifers

    Contributor(s):: Schmidtmann, E. T., Valla, M. E.

    In field studies in New York State in 1978-79, the relationship between feeding by adults of Musca autumnalis Deg., and fly-avoidance behaviour (bunching) and grazing time of heifers was examined in herds that were either exposed to the ambient pest intensity levels or treated with permethrin...

  10. Refuge-seeking and pest avoidance by feral horses in desert and island environments

    Contributor(s):: Keiper, R. R., Berger, J.

    Patterns of resource exploitation were examined among 2 populations of feral horses in the USA, to investigate whether harassment by insects results in the use of 'refuge' sites to minimise pest pressures. In the first study site, Assateague, a barrier island off the Atlantic coast of Maryland...

  11. Effects of headfly ( Hydrotaea irritans Fallen) infestations and repellents on ear-flicking and head-shaking behaviour of farmed red deer ( Cervus elaphus L.)

    Contributor(s):: Woollard, T. H., Bullock, D. J.

    The effects of Hydrotaea irritans on farmed red deer in Scotland are described. The degree of irritation by headfly varied with the age and sex of the deer. Yearling hinds had higher ear-flicking rates than either yearling or adult stags. Both sexes of yearlings had higher head-shaking...

  12. Behavior of grazing cattle exposed to small populations of stable flies ( Stomoxys calcitrans L.)

    Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Cornelius, P. L.

    The authors hypothesized that cattle grazing in the presence of low-level infections of stable flies may offset reductions of grazing time by increasing their rate of herbage intake, and that this may contribute to the determination of economic threshold populations. On 4 consecutive days, 4...

  13. Face flies ( Musca autumnalis De Geer) and the behavior of grazing beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Bradley, N. W.

    Zero, 400 or 800 laboratory-reared adult face flies (Musca autumnalis De Geer), which had been deprived of nutrients and water for 12 h, were released in large (5 m x 5 m x 2 m) screened enclosures each containing one tethered adult Angus beef cow (Bos taurus) grazing tall fescue (Festuca...

  14. Moderation of grazing behaviour of beef cattle by stable flies ( Stomoxys calcitrans L.)

    Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Cornelius, P. L.

    Three concatenated latin squares (4 x 4) were used to evaluate the effects of stable flies on the behaviour of Angus cows grazing in screened enclosures. Four populations (0, 50, 100 and 150) of starved, laboratory-reared stable flies were released into each enclosure at 15 min intervals during 1...

  15. Multiple releases of stable flies ( Stomoxys calcitrans L.) and behaviour of grazing beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Cornelius, P. L., Bradley, N. W.

    A change-over statistical design with complete balance of first residual effects was used with a tethered grazing technique to evaluate the effects of arthropod ectoparasites on the behaviour of adult Angus beef cows (Bos taurus; body weight (BW), 465+or-30 kg) grazing vegetative tall fescue...

  16. Stable flies ( Stomoxys calcitrans L.) and the behaviour of grazing beef cattle

    Contributor(s):: Dougherty, C. T., Knapp, F. W., Burrus, P. B., Willis, D. C., Burg, J. G., Cornelius, P. L., Bradley, N. W.

    A change-over design with complete balance for first residual effects was used with a tethered grazing technique to evaluate the effects of arthropod ectoparasites on the behaviour of adult Angus beef cows (Bos taurus) (body weight (BW), 465+or-30 kg) grazing vegetative tall fescue (Festuca...

  17. A review of mulesing and other methods to control flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep

    Contributor(s):: Phillips, C. J. C.

    Flystrike (cutaneous myiasis) in sheep has the potential to have a major impact on the welfare of significant numbers of sheep worldwide, but particularly in Australia. The main control method used in Australia, the mulesing operation to remove folds of skin from the hindquarters of the sheep, is...

  18. The husbandry, welfare and health of captive African civets ( Vivera civetica ) in western Ethiopa

    Contributor(s):: Tolosa, T., Regassa, F.

    A study was carried out during the period from September 2001 to August 2002 in Jimma zone, western Ethiopia to evaluate the husbandry and health of captive African civets (Vivera civetica). Wild civets were found in the wild in all 13 of the districts in the zone, although traditional...