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  1. Evaluation of pharmacokinetics and efficacy of ivermectin following oral administration in dogs against experimental infection of Ctenocephalides felis felis and Rhipicephalus sanguineus

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Magalhaes, V. S., Cid, Y. P., Ferreira, T. P., Medeiros, D. M. V., Batista, L. C. de S. O., Correia, T. R., Albert, A. L. M., Scott, F. B.

    With the increasing number of pets in home the human-animal relationship is increasingly close and care about control disease growing. Ivermectin (IVM) is frequently used because its proven safety. IVM is recommended for the treatment of demodectic scabies and prevention of heartworm in dogs, but...

  2. Bugging the strict vegan

    | Contributor(s):: Fischer, B.

    Entomophagy-eating insects-is getting a lot of attention these days. However, strict vegans are often uncomfortable with entomophagy based on some version of the precautionary principle: if you aren't sure that a being isn't sentient, then you should treat it as though it is. But not only do...

  3. Special Issue: Animals and technoculture

    | Contributor(s):: Vint, S.

  4. A survey of canine heartworm awareness in Grenada, West Indies

    | Contributor(s):: Lohmann, S., Sage, S., Stone, D., Gibson, K.

    Heartworm is a common parasite of dogs in Grenada, West Indies, due to the tropical climate and large number of mosquitoes. Because Grenada is a developing country and a small island, resources and education on heartworm are limited. In an effort to raise awareness of canine heartworm and the...

  5. Indigenous knowledge

    | Contributor(s):: Morris, Brian

  6. With man's best friend

    | Contributor(s):: Collins, J. M., Lorber, B., Schlossberg, D.

    This chapter focuses on human diseases associated with exposure to dogs. The epidemiology of local infections following dog bites, as well as the initial bite management, antibiotic prophylaxis, antibiotic treatment of infection, and prevention of dog bites are discussed. The life-threatening...

  7. Plague: infections of companion animals and opportunities for intervention

    | Contributor(s):: Oyston, Petra C. F., Williamson, Diane

  8. A note on the effect of controlling stable flies ( Stomxys calcitrans ) in the resting activity and pen distribution of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Vitela, I., Cruz-Vazquez, C., Orihuela, A.

    This study investigated the effect of controlling stable flies (Stomoxys calcitrans) on the number of dairy cows lying down and their pen distribution. The study randomly assigned 80 Holstein cows to 1 of 2 groups. The treated group (T) included cows individually sprayed with insecticide when...

  9. Animal wise: The thoughts and emotions of our fellow creatures

    | Contributor(s):: Morell, Virginia

  10. Attitudes toward animals: a study of Portuguese children

    | Contributor(s):: Almeida, A., Vasconcelos, C., Strecht-Ribeiro, O.

    In this study we analyzed the attitudes toward different animals in 210 Portuguese children: 107 boys and 103 girls, aged between 8 and 10 years, attending the 3rd and 4th years of primary school. We used a questionnaire with two distinct parts. In the first part, the children were asked about...

  11. Hormonal stress response of laboratory mice to conventional and minimally invasive bleeding techniques

    | Contributor(s):: Voigt, C. C., Klockner, P., Touma, C., Neuschl, C., Brockmann, G., Goritz, F., Palme, R., Thomsen, R.

  12. Pet ownership: its effect on allergy and respiratory symptoms

    | Contributor(s):: Bener, A., Mobayed, H., Sattar, H. A., Al-Mohammed, A. A., Ibrahimi, A. S., Sabbah, A.

  13. Environmental risks of pesticides versus genetic engineering for agricultural pest control

    | Contributor(s):: Paoletti, M. G., Pimentel, D.

    This paper discusses the environmental risks of pesticides as compared to the risks associated with the application of genetic engineering and biotechnology in agricultural pest, plant pathogen and weed control. It is suggested that in terms of environmental and public health impacts, pesticides...

  14. Ethical issues associated with sheep fly strike research, prevention, and control

    | Contributor(s):: Morris, M. C.

    This paper deals with ethical issues associated with fly strike research, prevention and control. It is argued that in their attempt to find control solutions and to understand the disorder, Australasian researchers increase sheep suffering by conducting experiments that artificially induce fly...

  15. Resting and social behaviour of dairy heifers housed in slatted floor pens with different sized bedded lying areas

    | Contributor(s):: Nielsen, L. H., Mogensen, L., Krohn, C., Hindhede, J., Sorensen, J. T.

    The hypothesis that an increase in the straw bedded resting area for group housed heifers would increase synchronization of resting behaviour and decrease aggressive and abnormal behaviour was tested. An experiment was conducted on 2 Danish commercial dairy farms with 20 Danish Friesian heifers...

  16. Grooming and control of fleas in cats

    | Contributor(s):: Eckstein, R. A., Hart, B. L.

    Oral grooming is common in cats, as in rodent and bovid species where grooming has been shown to be effective in removing lice and ticks. In Experiment 1, we examined the effectiveness of oral grooming in removing fleas which are the main ectoparasite of cats. Elizabethan collars (E-collars)...

  17. Hygiene measures for animal-assisted interventions in hospitals, rehabilitation hospitals and retirement homes

    | Contributor(s):: Hoffmann, C., Herr, C., Eikmann, T.

    Active or passive interactions with animals in animal-assisted interventions can be of great physical (reduction of hypertension, cardiac and circulatory troubles, muscle relaxation, pain relief etc.) and psychosocial (reduction of loneliness, fear and hostility, improvement of self-confidence)...

  18. Face-fly pest intensity, fly-avoidance behavior (bunching) and grazing time in Holstein heifers

    | Contributor(s):: Schmidtmann, E. T., Valla, M. E.

    In field studies in New York State in 1978-79, the relationship between feeding by adults of Musca autumnalis Deg., and fly-avoidance behaviour (bunching) and grazing time of heifers was examined in herds that were either exposed to the ambient pest intensity levels or treated with permethrin...

  19. Refuge-seeking and pest avoidance by feral horses in desert and island environments

    | Contributor(s):: Keiper, R. R., Berger, J.

    Patterns of resource exploitation were examined among 2 populations of feral horses in the USA, to investigate whether harassment by insects results in the use of 'refuge' sites to minimise pest pressures. In the first study site, Assateague, a barrier island off the Atlantic coast of Maryland...

  20. Effects of headfly ( Hydrotaea irritans Fallen) infestations and repellents on ear-flicking and head-shaking behaviour of farmed red deer ( Cervus elaphus L.)

    | Contributor(s):: Woollard, T. H., Bullock, D. J.

    The effects of Hydrotaea irritans on farmed red deer in Scotland are described. The degree of irritation by headfly varied with the age and sex of the deer. Yearling hinds had higher ear-flicking rates than either yearling or adult stags. Both sexes of yearlings had higher head-shaking...