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Tags: Interventions + Animal behavior

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  1. A welfare assessment scoring system for working equids—A method for identifying at risk populations and for monitoring progress of welfare enhancement strategies (trialed in Egypt)

    | Contributor(s):: Ali, Ahmed B. A., El Sayed, Mohammed A., Matoock, Mohamed Y., Fouad, Manal A., Heleski, Camie R.

    There are an estimated 112 million horses, donkeys and mules (i.e., working equids) in developing regions of the world. Though their roles are often fundamental to the well-being of the families they work for, their welfare is often severely compromised due to the limited resources and/or...

  2. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students ( n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  3. The effect of dolphin-assisted therapy on the cognitive and social development of children with Down syndrome

    | Contributor(s):: Griffioen, R. E., Enders-Slegers, M. J.

    Cognitive and speech development are delayed in children with Down syndrome (DS). We investigated the effect of dolphin-assisted therapy (DAT), a form of animal-assisted intervention, on the development of speech/language and social behavior in children with DS. We hypothesized that DAT would...

  4. Ethical equitation: applying a cost-benefit approach

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, B., McGreevy, P. D.

  5. Evaluating paint rollers as an intervention for alopecia in monkeys in the laboratory ( Macaca nemestrina )

    | Contributor(s):: Runeson, E. P., Lee, G. H., Crockett, C. M., Bellanca, R. U.

    Adult female macaques (Macaca nemestrina) in the laboratory with alopecia from known or suspected overgrooming were subjects in a study evaluating effectiveness of a grooming device. The intervention evaluated was a paint roller on a metal bar hung on the cage, replaced weekly for 6 weeks. In a...

  6. An overview of the dog-human dyad and ethograms within it

    | Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Starling, M., Branson, N. J., Cobb, M. L., Calnon, D.

    This article reviews the literature on the complex and variable nature of the dog-human dyad and describes the influence of terms such as "dominance" on attitudes that humans have toward dogs. It highlights a legacy of tension between ethology and psychology and notes that some...

  7. Animal-assisted interventions in children's hospitals: a critical review of the literature

    | Contributor(s):: Chur-Hansen, A., McArthur, M., Winefield, H., Hanieh, E., Hazel, S.

    There is a perception in the scientific and general communities that hospitalized children benefit from visits by animals. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI), including animal-assisted therapy and animal-assisted activities, usually involving dogs, are thus employed in pediatric hospitals....

  8. Anxiety-reducing effect: dog, fish and plant in direct comparison

    | Contributor(s):: Buttelmann, D., Rompke, A. K.

    Animals have an anxiety-reducing effect on humans. However, in the search for which interventions are the most effective, one notices that studies in this field are not comparable as they all use different designs. Hereby, we investigated the anxiety reducing abilities of different animals and a...

  9. Dolphin-assisted therapy with parental involvement for children with severe disabilities: further evidence for a family-centered theory for effectiveness

    | Contributor(s):: Stumpf, E., Breitenbach, E.

    Dolphin-assisted therapy has frequently been criticized for a lack of empirical results and theoretical foundation. In this study, results from an innovative dolphin-assisted therapy program for children with disabilities are presented. The therapeutic program is based on a sophisticated...

  10. Equine-assisted intervention for people with dementia

    | Contributor(s):: Dabelko-Schoeny, H., Phillips, G., Darrough, E., Deanna, S., Jarden, M., Johnson, D., Lorch, G.

    The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of using guided interactions with horses as a nonpharmaceutical intervention to improve the physiological and behavioral states of persons with dementia. A convenience sample of persons with dementia was...

  11. Salivary cortisol and behavior in therapy dogs during animal-assisted interventions: a pilot study

    | Contributor(s):: Glenk, L. M., Kothgassner, O. D., Stetina, B. U., Palme, R., Kepplinger, B., Baran, H.

    Animal-assisted interventions (AAIs) have been associated with positive effects on human psychological and physiological health. Although the perception of quality standards in AAIs is high, only few investigations have focused on potential welfare implications for therapy dogs linked to their...

  12. The effect of physiotherapy intervention to the pelvic region of experienced riders on seated postural stability and the symmetry of pressure distribution to the saddle: a preliminary study

    | Contributor(s):: Nevison, C. M., Timmis, M. A.

    It is commonplace for trainers and judges to comment that riders are "crooked" or "collapsed in the hip." This asymmetrical posture will likely have a significant effect on stability/balance and may subsequently have a detrimental effect on performance. Although the effects of asymmetry on...

  13. An animal-assisted therapy intervention with female inmates

    | Contributor(s):: Jasperson, R. A.

  14. An evaluation of dog-assisted therapy for residents of aged care facilities with dementia

    | Contributor(s):: Travers, C., Perkins, J., Rand, J., Bartlett, H., Morton, J.

  15. Development and testing of an on-farm welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats

    | Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Stubsjoen, S. M., Valle, P. S.

  16. Equine-Assisted Activities for Adolescents: ethogram-based behavioral analysis of persistence during horse-related tasks and communication patterns with the horse

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hilde Hauge, Ingela L. Kvalem, Ingeborg Pedersen, Bjarne O. Braastad

    Earlier studies have indicated that learning to handle a horse through tasks and activities can lead to a feeling of mastery which may have an impact on self-efficacy. The aim of this study was to examine how adolescents conducted horse-related tasks presented to them in an intervention in a...

  17. Heart rate variability in horses engaged in equine-assisted activities

    | Contributor(s):: Gehrke, E. K., Baldwin, A., Schiltz, P. M.

  18. Pet's presence and owner's blood pressures during the daily lives of pet owners with pre- to mild hypertension

    | Contributor(s):: Friedmann, E., Thomas, S. A., Son, H. S., Chapa, D., McCune, S.

  19. The welfare implications of large litter size in the domestic pig II: management factors

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Rutherford, K. M. D., D'Eath, R. B., Arnott, G., Turner, S. P., Sandoe, P., Moustsen, V. A., Thorup, F., Edwards, S. A., Lawrence, A. B.

  20. Bystander apathy in animal abuse cases: exploring barriers to child and adolescent intervention

    | Contributor(s):: Arluke, A.

    The present study examines how children and adolescents respond when witnessing animal abuse and why many do not intervene to help animal victims. Ethnographic interviews were conducted with 25 late adolescents who witnessed animal abuse months or years earlier. Results were generally...