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  1. Dog tales: mindful Dog Interactions evoke similar experiences to Dog Assisted Mindfulness meditations

    Contributor(s):: Oliva, J. L., Green, T. R.

  2. Evaluating the efficacy of equine therapy among at-risk youth: a meta-analysis

    Contributor(s):: Wilkie, K. D., Germain, S., Theule, J.

    The present meta-analysis examined the efficacy of equine therapy among an at-risk youth population. Seven studies quantitatively assessed the treatment effects following involvement in an equine therapy program. The random effects model was used to aggregate each study into an overall effect...

  3. Exploring children's perspectives on the welfare needs of pet animals

    Contributor(s):: Muldoon, J. C., Williams, J. M., Lawrence, A.

    Children are increasingly viewed as important recipients of educational interventions to improve animal welfare, yet research examining their perspectives is lacking, particularly within the UK. Helping children to care appropriately for animals depends, not least, on an ability to understand the...

  4. The Human-Animal Interaction Scale: development and evaluation

    | Contributor(s):: Fournier, A. K., Berry, T. D., Letson, E., Chanen, R.

    The purpose of this study was to develop the Human–Animal Interaction Scale (HAIS) and evaluate its reliability and validity. The HAIS is a 24-item self-report instrument designed to describe and quantify behaviors performed by humans and nonhuman animals during an episode of interaction...

  5. Hounds and homesickness: the effects of an animal-assisted therapeutic intervention for first-year university students

    | Contributor(s):: Binfet, J. T., Passmore, H. A.

    Transitioning from high school to university can prove to be a for midable challenge for many first-year students, with many experiencing home sickness. Given that students who experience homesickness are more likely than their non-homesick cohorts to drop out of university, universities have a...

  6. Pet loss and grief: identifying at-risk pet owners during the euthanasia process

    | Contributor(s):: Barnard-Nguyen, S., Breit, M., Anderson, K. A., Nielsen, J.

    Pet owners often experience complex and profound grief reactions when their animals are euthanized. Veterinary staff are increasingly being called upon to be aware of and to respond to the grief reactions of pet owners at this critical time. The objectives of this study were to identify pet...

  7. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students ( n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  8. Evaluation of an innovative approach for sensory enrichment in zoos: semiochemical stimulation for captive lions ( Panthera leo)

    | Contributor(s):: Martinez-Macipe, M., Lafont-Lecuelle, C., Manteca, X., Pageat, P., Cozzi, A.

    Despite improvements in zoo housing and management conditions over the last years, zoo animals may still present undesirable behaviours, such as aggression, stereotypies, boredom and a general absence of natural behaviours. In order to improve animal welfare, researchers are constantly looking...

  9. Effectiveness of animal health and welfare planning in dairy herds: a review

    | Contributor(s):: Tremetsberger, L., Winckler, C.

    Maintaining and promoting animal health and welfare are important but challenging goals in livestock farming. Animal health and welfare planning aims to contribute to improvements in the herd through interventions in a structured way. This review provides an overview of current scientific...

  10. The effect of dolphin-assisted therapy on the cognitive and social development of children with Down syndrome

    | Contributor(s):: Griffioen, R. E., Enders-Slegers, M. J.

    Cognitive and speech development are delayed in children with Down syndrome (DS). We investigated the effect of dolphin-assisted therapy (DAT), a form of animal-assisted intervention, on the development of speech/language and social behavior in children with DS. We hypothesized that DAT would...

  11. The effects of an animal-assisted intervention on salivary alpha-amylase, salivary immunoglobulin A, and heart rate during forensic interviews in child sexual abuse cases

    | Contributor(s):: Krause-Parello, C. A., Friedmann, E.

    Animal-assisted invention (AAI) in gaining attention as a therapeutic modality; however, the effect of it has not been well studied in the child welfare system. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of AAI on stress indicators (as measured by salivary alpha-amylase (sAA),...

  12. Ethical equitation: applying a cost-benefit approach

    | Contributor(s):: Jones, B., McGreevy, P. D.

  13. Dog obesity: can dog caregivers' (owners') feeding and exercise intentions and behaviors be predicted from attitudes?

    | Contributor(s):: Rohlf, V. I., Toukhsati, S., Coleman, G. J., Bennett, P. C.

    Dog obesity is a common nutritional disorder affecting up to 40% of the companion animal (pet) dog population in Australia and other developed nations. A clear understanding of factors determining relevant caregiver (owner) behaviors underpins effective treatment for this disorder. The theory of...

  14. Evaluating paint rollers as an intervention for alopecia in monkeys in the laboratory ( Macaca nemestrina )

    | Contributor(s):: Runeson, E. P., Lee, G. H., Crockett, C. M., Bellanca, R. U.

    Adult female macaques (Macaca nemestrina) in the laboratory with alopecia from known or suspected overgrooming were subjects in a study evaluating effectiveness of a grooming device. The intervention evaluated was a paint roller on a metal bar hung on the cage, replaced weekly for 6 weeks. In a...

  15. Portrayals of canine obesity in English-language newspapers and in leading veterinary journals, 2000-2009: implications for animal welfare organizations and veterinarians as public educators

    | Contributor(s):: Degeling, C., Rock, M., Teows, L.

    In industrialized societies, more than 1 in 3 dogs and people currently qualify as overweight or obese. Experts in public health expect both these figures to rise. Although clinical treatment remains important, so are public perceptions and social norms. This article presents a thematic analysis...

  16. An overview of the dog-human dyad and ethograms within it

    | Contributor(s):: McGreevy, P. D., Starling, M., Branson, N. J., Cobb, M. L., Calnon, D.

    This article reviews the literature on the complex and variable nature of the dog-human dyad and describes the influence of terms such as "dominance" on attitudes that humans have toward dogs. It highlights a legacy of tension between ethology and psychology and notes that some...

  17. Animal-assisted interventions in children's hospitals: a critical review of the literature

    | Contributor(s):: Chur-Hansen, A., McArthur, M., Winefield, H., Hanieh, E., Hazel, S.

    There is a perception in the scientific and general communities that hospitalized children benefit from visits by animals. Animal-assisted interventions (AAI), including animal-assisted therapy and animal-assisted activities, usually involving dogs, are thus employed in pediatric hospitals....

  18. Anxiety-reducing effect: dog, fish and plant in direct comparison

    | Contributor(s):: Buttelmann, D., Rompke, A. K.

    Animals have an anxiety-reducing effect on humans. However, in the search for which interventions are the most effective, one notices that studies in this field are not comparable as they all use different designs. Hereby, we investigated the anxiety reducing abilities of different animals and a...

  19. Characteristics of 24 cases of animal hoarding in Spain

    | Contributor(s):: Calvo, P., Duarte, C., Bowen, J., Bulbena, A., Fatjo, J.

    Animal hoarding is considered to be an under-reported problem, which affects the welfare of both people and animals. Few published studies on animal hoarding are available in the scientific literature, particularly outside North America. The present study was designed to obtain data on animal...

  20. Dolphin-assisted therapy with parental involvement for children with severe disabilities: further evidence for a family-centered theory for effectiveness

    | Contributor(s):: Stumpf, E., Breitenbach, E.

    Dolphin-assisted therapy has frequently been criticized for a lack of empirical results and theoretical foundation. In this study, results from an innovative dolphin-assisted therapy program for children with disabilities are presented. The therapeutic program is based on a sophisticated...