Application of the welfare quality protocol in pig slaughterhouses of five countries
Contributor(s):: Dalmau, A., Nande, A., Vieira-Pinto, M., Zamprogna, S., Martino, G. di, Ribas, J. C. R., Costa, M. P. da, Halinen-Elemo, K., Velarde, A.
The objective of the present study is to assess the variability of the measures used in the welfare quality (WQ) protocol for pigs among slaughterhouses in five different countries and to propose alarm and critical thresholds for the calculation of scores for future development of an animal...
Validity and feasibility of human-animal relationship tests for on-farm welfare assessment in dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Barbieri, S., Waiblinger, S., Mattiello, S.
This study aims at establishing suitable tests to measure the quality of the Human-Animal Relationship (HAR) in dairy goats for on-farm welfare assessment protocols by evaluating the predictive validity of different categories of HAR tests and their feasibility in on-farm condition. Twelve...
Empathy towards animals and belief in animal-human-continuity in Italian veterinary students
Contributor(s):: Colombo, E. S., Pelosi, A., Prato-Previde, E.
Empathy towards animals and beliefs in animal-human continuity appear to play an important role in shaping the human-animal relationship and in determining the way animals are treated and cared for. Veterinary medicine plays a central role in animal welfare and has been recognised as a highly...
The associations between animal-based welfare measures and the presence of indicators of food safety in finishing pigs
Contributor(s):: Alpigiani, I., Bacci, C., Keeling, L. J., Salman, M. D., Brindani, F., Pongolini, S., Hitchens, P. L., Bonardi, S.
Stressful housing and management practices affect animals, potentially increasing their receptiveness to pathogens. Since some pathogens do not lead to clinical signs of sickness, subclinical pigs could enter the food-chain, contaminating carcases and offal at slaughter, representing a threat to...
Ontogenetic effects on gazing behaviour: a case study of kennel dogs (Labrador Retrievers) in the impossible task paradigm
Contributor(s):: D'Aniello, B., Scandurra, A.
Life experiences and living conditions can influence the problem-solving strategies and the communicative abilities of dogs with humans. The goals of this study were to determine any behavioural differences between Labrador Retrievers living in a kennel and those living in a house as pets and to...
RandAgiamo TM, a pilot project increasing adoptability of shelter dogs in the Umbria Region (Italy)
Contributor(s):: Menchetti, L., Mancini, S., Catalani, M. C., Boccini, B., Diverio, S.
Current Italian legislation does not permit euthanasia of dogs, unless they are ill or dangerous. Despite good intentions and ethical benefits, this "no-kill policy" has caused a progressive overpopulation of dogs in shelters, due to abandonment rates being higher than adoption rates. Shelter...
A tool for the evaluation of slaughter horse welfare during unloading
Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Visser, E. K., Buonanno, M., Ferrari, P., Barnard, S., Borciani, M., Ferri, N.
This study aimed to develop a scientific and practical tool to be used to assess horse welfare after commercial transport over long journeys. A set of physical, behavioural and environmental measures was selected, covering welfare aspects of both transport and unloading procedures. The protocol...
Are farmers in alternative food networks social entrepreneurs? Evidence from a behavioral approach
Contributor(s):: Migliore, G., Schifani, G., Romeo, P., Hashem, S., Cembalo, L.
Social entrepreneurship, individual activities with a social objective, is used in this study as a conceptual tool for empirically examining farmers' participation in alternative food networks (AFNs). This study verifies whether their participation is driven by the social entrepreneurship...
A pilot study to develop an assessment tool for sheep welfare after long journey transport
Contributor(s):: Messori, S., Sossidou, E., Buonanno, M., Mounaix, B., Barnard, S., Vousdouka, V., Villa, P. dalla, Roest, K. de, Spoolder, H.
Sheep transport within Europe involves 9.5 million animals yearly, 63% of which travel over long journeys (>8 h). Livestock transport, particularly over long journeys, gives rise to concern about the welfare of transported animals. The European Commission stimulates the development of...
New insights into the Early Neolithic economy and management of animals in Southern and Central Europe revealed using lipid residue analyses of pottery vessels
Contributor(s):: Salque, M., Radi, G., Tagliacozzo, A., Uria, B. P., Wolfram, S., Hohle, I., Stauble, H., Whittle, A., Hofmann, D., Pechtl, J., Schade-Lindig, S., Eisenhauer, U., Evershed, R. P.
Analyses of organic residues preserved in ceramic potsherds enable the identification of foodstuffs processed in archaeological vessels. Differences in the isotopic composition of fatty acids allow differentiation of non-ruminant and ruminant fats, as well as adipose and dairy fats. This paper...
Food community networks as leverage for social embeddedness
Contributor(s):: Migliore, G., Schifani, G., Guccione, G. D., Cembalo, L.
Social embeddedness, defined as the interaction of economic activities and social behavior, is used in this study as a conceptual tool to describe the growing phenomenon of food community networks (FCNs). The aim in this paper was to map the system of relations which the FCNs develop both inside...
The quality of life of pet dogs owned by elderly people depends on the living context, not on the owner's age
Contributor(s):: Pitteri, E., Mongillo, P., Adamelli, S., Bonichini, S., Marinelli, L.
Social and physical changes associated with human aging may influence the characteristics of the relationship between dogs and their owners and ultimately pets' quality of life. In view of the need of data on this aspect, this study examined the effects of owners' age on the quality of life of...
Does the attachment system towards owners change in aged dogs?
Contributor(s):: Mongillo, P., Pitteri, E., Carnier, P., Gabai, G., Adamelli, S., Marinelli, L.
Religious slaughter: data from surveys and spot-check visits in Italy and animal welfare issues
Contributor(s):: Cenci-Goga, B. T., Sechi, P., Cuccurese, A., Poeta, A., Angelis, G. de, Marini, P., Mattiacci, C., Rossi, R., Pezzato, R., Salamano, G., Santori, P.
Licensing poultry CO<sub>2</sub> gas-stunning systems with regard to animal welfare: investigations under practical conditions
Contributor(s):: Holleben, K. von, Wenzlawowicz, M. von, Eser, E.
Welfare during gathering and loading of deer bred for meat in Italy
Contributor(s):: Quiliquini, D., Alpigiani, I.
Biting dogs in Rome (Italy)
Contributor(s):: Maragliano, L., Ciccone, G., Fantini, C., Petrangeli, C., Saporito, G., Traglia, M. di, Natoli, E.
We present data on dog biting events which occurred in Rome and were recorded by the Public Dog Shelter and Veterinary Hospital of Rome. In Italy the control of rabies is regulated by Presidential Decree. Recently, the endorsement of a National Law, aimed at the prevention of dog and cat...
Animal-assisted activity at A. Meyer Children's Hospital: a pilot study
| Contributor(s):: Caprilli, S., Messeri, A.
The authors systematically studied the introduction of animal-assisted activity into a children's hospital in Italy. This pilot study examined the reactions of children, their parents and the hospital staff and the hospital-wide infection rate before and after the introduction of animals. The...
Effect of dairy cattle husbandry on behavioural patterns of red deer ( Cervus elaphus ) in the Italian Alps
| Contributor(s):: Mattiello, S., Redaelli, W., Carenzi, C., Crimella, C.
The present study aimed to investigate in the field the effect of the presence of cattle on red deer behavioural patterns, in order to provide information that could be used to improve land management strategies. The research was carried out in a summer range at 1500 m a.s.l. in the Italian...
Selective attention to humans in companion dogs, Canis familiaris
| Contributor(s):: Mongillo, P., Bono, G., Regolin, L., Marinelli, L.
Integration into human societies requires dogs to express adaptable social attitudes, involving high levels of attention to other individuals. In the present study, we developed a new behavioural test, to characterize selective attention towards humans. In the task, the dogs were exposed to the...