Working with laboratory rodents in Spain: a survey on welfare and wellbeing
Contributor(s):: Goni-Balentziaga, O., Ortega-Saez, I., Vila, S., Azkona, G.
Molecular Characterization of Pneumococcal Isolates from Pets and Laboratory Animals
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| Contributor(s):: Mark van der Linden, Adnan Al-Lahham, Werner Nicklas, Ralf René Reinert
Background Between 1986 and 2008 Streptococcus pneumoniae was isolated from 41 pets/zoo animals (guinea pigs (n = 17), cats (n = 12), horses (n = 4), dogs (n = 3), dolphins (n = 2), rat (n = 2), gorilla (n = 1)) treated in medical veterinary laboratories and zoos, and 44 laboratory animals...
Comportamento de actividade e de vocalização de borregos em pré-desmame das raças Ile de France e Churra da Terra Quente num teste individual de interacção homem-animal
| Contributor(s):: Severiano Silva, José Carlos Almeida, Paulo J. Fontes, C. Castro, R. Machado, Jorge Manuel Teixeira de Azevedo
Na realização deste trabalho foram utilizados 12 borregos da raça Ile de France (IDF) e 12 borregos da raça Churra da Terra Quente (CTQ) com 104 dias de idade. Os borregos foram sujeitos a um teste que seguiu procedimento proposto por Tallet et al. (2005) e adaptado...
Effacing the human: Rachel Rosenthal, rats and shared creative agency
| Contributor(s):: Carrie Rohman
Think Outside the Cage: Moving Towards New Understandings of Companion Rabbits
| Contributor(s):: Ruthann Drummond
Rabbits are the third most common companion mammal in Western homes, and their popularity continues to rise. However, they are also one of the most broadly used animal resources around the world, commonly being bred for their food, their fur, and their utility as biological models in animal...
Training success in group-housed long-tailed macaques ( Macaca fascicularis) is better explained by personality than by social rank
| Contributor(s):: Wergard, E. M., Westlund, K., Spangberg, M., Fredlund, H., Forkman, B.
Using training to prepare laboratory animals for biomedical research is one important behavior management task. With increased knowledge about factors influencing training success, training programs may be optimized, resulting in a refinement of primate husbandry. Even when animals are trained...
c 22 Animals for Research Act
The Psychological Effects of Medical Research on Animal Subjects and the Ramifications for the Applicability of the Research Results
| Contributor(s):: Morgan A. Damm
Historically, animals have been used in medical research to bring about many of the medical breakthroughs and advances seen today. The successful studies are accompanied by numerous, often concealed, failed studies that are inapplicable to human medicine due to stress and distress changing the...
Being Human: How Four Animals Forever Changed The Way We Live, What We Believe, And Who We Think We Are
| Contributor(s):: Jocelyn Mary Brady
Our lives would not be what they are today without animals. From the food we eat, to the clothes we wear, animals provide tangible evidence of their importance every day. But more than that, animals have shaped who we are and what we believe. Often in ways we don't see.That's what...
Antimony: The Use, Rights, and Regulation of Laboratory Animals
| Contributor(s):: Brenda L. Thomas
'In recent years, the problem, plight, and philosophy behind the use of animals in laboratories, schools, and industries has caused many to formulate an opinion on animal experimentation. It is simple to postulate a Monday morning quarterback philosophy - merely weigh the...
Laboratory Animal Act: A Legislative Proposal
| Contributor(s):: David Favre
In one recent experiment, mongrel dogs were anesthetized after which thirty-five percent of their body was burned to the third degree by the application of a two hundred degree centigrade hot plate to their skin.' In 1983, researchers at the New Jersey Medical School...
Reinforcement for Operational Mine Detection Rats
| Contributor(s):: Amanda Mahoney, Christophe Cox, Bart Weetjens, Tess Tewelde, Tekimiti Gilbert, Amy Durgin, Alan Poling
When using animals for the detection of landmines, handlers face challenges of when to reinforce indication responses, as the actual location of landmines in the field is unknown. Anti-Persoonsmijnen Ontmijnende Product Ontwikkeling(Anti-Personnel Landmine Detection Product Development or APOPO)...
Research in Colombia on Explosives Detection by Rats
| Contributor(s):: Luisa Fernando Mendez Pardo, Andres M. Perez-Acosta
The interdisciplinary research group INVESTUD is investigating the effectiveness of mine-detecting lab rats. In Africa, the APOPO program is well-known for using African giant pouched rats for mine detection, but INVESTUD hopes to build on and even surpass APOPO’s progress to advance...
Two Strategies for Landmine Detection by Giant Pouched Rats
| Contributor(s):: Alan Poling, Christophe Cox, Bart Weetjens, Negussie Beyene, Andrew Sully
This article compares the performance of Giant African Pouched Rats under two different management systems, both appropriate for mine-detection operational use. Employing International Mine Action Standards for accreditation, the researchers outline the process of conditioning and testing these...
Using Giant African Pouched Rats (Cricetomys Gambianus) to Detect Landmines
| Contributor(s):: Alan Poling, Bart J. Weetjens, Christophe Cox, Negussie W. Beyene, Andrew Sully
Many species have sensitive chemical-detection systems. For millennia, dogs’ exquisite sense of smell has assisted human beings in hunting and in thwarting intruders. Trained dogs have detected landmines and other explosives, illicit drugs, pipeline leaks, and melanomas (Furton & Myers,...
Living with transgenic animals
| Contributor(s):: Clark, J. L.
Playful handling of laboratory rats is more beneficial when applied before than after routine injections
| Contributor(s):: Cloutier, S., Wahl, K. L., Panksepp, J., Newberry, R. C.
The ability of positive affective states to counteract negative states engendered by routine medical procedures remains poorly studied. In laboratory rats, positive affect typically associated with rough-and-tumble play can be induced through human "hand play" - the experience of being "tickled"...
The effects of witnessing managemental procedures during the light versus the dark phase of the light cycle on behaviour, performance and welfare of laboratory rats
| Contributor(s):: Abou-Ismail, U. A., Mohamed, R. A., El-Kholya, S. Z.
Research has indicated that witnessing managemental procedures are stressful to laboratory rats. Yet there has been little investigation into whether the time of witnessing these procedures affects behaviour and welfare in these animals. Ninety-six rats, representing two batches, were used in...
Influence of pet ownership on opinions towards the use of animals in biomedical research
| Contributor(s):: Hagelin, J., Johansson, B., Hau, J., Carlsson, H. E.
The present study investigated the relationship between pet ownership and opinions on the use of animals in medical research. A questionnaire was answered by 484 schoolteacher students and 156 preschool teacher students from Uppsala University, Sweden [date not given]. Animal use was found to be...
Representations of laboratory animals in popular media forms
| Contributor(s):: Alison Moore
Attitudes to animals are in part formed through engagement with popular culture and therefore we should pay attention to the potential of this domain for shaping animal lives. But can popular culture really do anything for the ‘laboratory’ animal? This paper explores the persistent...