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  1. Canine scent detection of human cancers: a review of methods and accuracy

    Contributor(s):: Moser, E., McCulloch, M.

  2. A multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at three space allowances

    Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Bryer, P. J., Davis, B. L., McGlone, J. J.

    Transport can be a stressful experience for pigs, especially in pigs simultaneously experiencing weaning stress. The objective of this study was to use a multidisciplinary approach to assess the welfare of weaned pigs during transport at 3 space allowances. A commercial semitrailer, fitted with...

  3. Common and emerging infectious diseases in the animal shelter

    Contributor(s):: Pesavento, P. A., Murphy, B. G.

    The beneficial role that animal shelters play is unquestionable. An estimated 3 to 4 million animals are cared for or placed in homes each year, and most shelters promote public health and support responsible pet ownership. It is, nonetheless, inevitable that shelters are prime examples of...

  4. Non-accidental injuries found in necropsies of domestic cats: a review of 191 cases

    Contributor(s):: Siqueira, A. de, Cassiano, F. C., Landi, M. F. de A., Marlet, E. F., Maiorka, P. C.

  5. Alternative housing systems for fattening bulls under Austrian conditions with special respect to rubberised slatted floors

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Muelleder, C., Absmanner, E., Kahrer, E., Zeiner, H., Scharl, T., Leisch, F., Stanek, C., Troxler, J.

  6. Measuring foot-pad lesions in commercial broiler houses. Some aspects of methodology

    Contributor(s):: Jong, I. C. de, Harn, J. van, Gunnink, H., Lourens, A., Riel, J. W. van

  7. Uptake and effectiveness of interventions to reduce claw lesions in 40 dairy herds in the UK

    Contributor(s):: Barker, Z. E., Wright, J. L., Blowey, R. W., Amory, J. R., Green, L. E.

  8. Stepping and kicking behaviour during milking in relation to response in human-animal interaction test and clinical health in loose housed dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Rousing, T., Bonde, M., Badsberg, J. H., Sorensen, J. T.

    Associations between kicking and stepping behaviour during milking and response to humans, getting up behaviour as well as clinical health status in loose housed dairy cows were investigated. During a 12-month period behavioural and clinical data from 10 commercial Danish dairy herds were...

  9. Effect of a synthetic plate in the lying area on lying behaviour, degree of fouling and skin lesions at the leg joints of finishing pigs

    Contributor(s):: Savary, P., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Hauser, R.

    Flooring type may have a major influence on thermoregulatory behaviour in finishing pigs, as well as on the occurrence of skin lesions at their leg joints and pen fouling. In this study, we compared the lying behaviour, pen fouling and the occurrence of leg lesions in finishing pigs kept in...

  10. Interdependence of welfare outcome measures and potential confounding factors on finishing pig farms

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The factors influencing the observed prevalence of some welfare outcome measures were investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of incorporating on-farm welfare outcome assessments into UK Pig Farm Assurance Schemes. All finishing pigs (>40 kg) on six farms...

  11. The effect of sampling strategy on the estimated prevalence of welfare outcome measures on finishing pig farms

    Contributor(s):: Mullan, S., Browne, W. J., Edwards, S. A., Butterworth, A., Whay, H. R., Main, D. C. J.

    The effect of sampling strategy on the estimates of prevalence of some welfare outcome measures was investigated as part of a larger project examining the feasibility and benefits of incorporating some on-farm welfare outcome assessments into UK Pig Farm Assurance Schemes. All finishing pigs (>40...

  12. The interaction of liveweight and the degree of competition on drinking behaviour in growing pigs at different group sizes

    Contributor(s):: Turner, S. P., Sinclair, A. G., Edwards, S. A.

    If competition for access to a limited resource is substantial, access to that resource may be allocated disproportionately to different members of a group. Priority may be based on a dominance hierarchy, or on physical characteristics, such as weight. The pattern of drinking behaviour was...

  13. 'subordination style' in pigs? The response of pregnant sows to mixing stress affects their offspring's behaviour and stress reactivity

    Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., D'Eath, R. B., Robson, S. K., Baxter, E. M., Ormandy, E., Douglas, A. J., Russell, J. A., Lawrence, A. B., Jarvis, S.

    In various mammals stress during gestation can result in long term effects on the behaviour and physiology of the offspring. The aims of this study were (i) to characterise individual variation among primiparous sows (gilts) in their behavioural and physiological response to a commercially...

  14. A flooring comparison: the impact of rubber mats on the health, behavior, and welfare of group-housed sows at breeding

    Contributor(s):: Elmore, M. R. P., Garner, J. P., Johnson, A. K., Richert, B. T., Pajor, E. A.

    Comfortable flooring may impact many aspects of an animal's welfare, including lying behavior, an animal's ability to change postures, and incidence of lameness and lesions. Therefore, we hypothesized that the addition of rubber mats to stalls of group pens would improve sow health, comfort and...

  15. Reliability of temperament tests on finishing pigs in group-housing and comparison to social tests

    Contributor(s):: Brown, J. A., Dewey, C., Delange, C. F. M., Mandell, I. B., Purslow, P. P., Robinson, J. A., Squires, E. J., Widowski, T. M.

    If variation in behaviour is consistent within individuals and reliably associated with relevant welfare measures, this variation could aid in genetic selection, or development of management schemes designed to improve welfare. In this study, we focused on temperament tests in group-housed...

  16. Behaviour and abomasal damage in individual veal calves

    Contributor(s):: Wiepkema, P. R., Hellemond, K. K. van, Roessingh, P., Romberg, H.

    The relationship between abomasal damage and individual behavioural patterns of 61 crated veal calves (53 male and 8 female) was analysed. The calves were bucket-fed twice a day with milk replacer only. At slaughter (age 22-24 weeks), 67% of all calves showed abomasal erosions, ulcers, scars or...

  17. Assessment of animal welfare in 80 dairy cow herds in cubicle housing # animal health and other animal-related parameters

    Contributor(s):: Rouha-Mulleder, C., Palme, R., Waiblinger, S.

    Introduction: With growing concerns about farm animal welfare (e.g. by consumers; WILDNER, 1998), knowledge about the actual situation with regard to animal welfare on farms is important. Valid assessment of animal welfare requires the use of animal-based parameters, while environmental...

  18. Assessment of the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys, using health and behaviour parameters

    Contributor(s):: Pritchard, J. C., Lindberg, A. C., Main, D. C. J., Whay, H. R.

    Working animals provide an essential transport resource in developing countries worldwide. Many of these animals are owned by poor people and work in harsh environments, so their welfare is a cause for concern. A protocol was developed to assess the welfare of working horses, mules and donkeys in...

  19. Effects of space allowance on the welfare of dry sows kept in dynamic groups and fed with an electronic sow feeder

    | Contributor(s):: Remience, V., Wavreille, J., Canart, B., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Prunier, A., Bartiaux-Thill, N., Nicks, B., Vandenheede, M.

    The minimal legal space allowance for grouped pregnant sows in the EU is 2.25 m2/sow. The effect of higher space per animal on agonistic behaviour and social stress of animals living in dynamic groups is not known. Two groups of 34 pregnant Belgian Landrace sows were housed in two pens of...

  20. Prevention and treatment of tail biting in weaned piglets

    | Contributor(s):: Zonderland, J. J., Wolthuis-Fillerup, M., Reenen, C. G. van, Bracke, M. B. M., Kemp, B., Hartog, L. A. den, Spoolder, H. A. M.

    The aims of this study were to evaluate four preventive measures and two curative treatments of tail biting. The preventive measures were: chain, rubber hose, straw rack (5 g/pig/day) and the provision of straw on the floor twice daily by hand (2x10 g/pig/day). The two curative treatments,...