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  1. Psychophysiological effects of human-dog interaction in university students exposed to a stress-induced situation using the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST).

    Full-text: Available

    Contributor(s):: Rafael Martos-Montes, David OrdÛÒez-PÈrez, Jes˙s Ruiz-Maatallah, Miriam MartÌnez-Cobos

    Enjoying the company of a good-natured dog can lend support to a person in a stressful situation. This presence brings benefits across different areas of human well-being and leads to a decrease in levels of sympathetic activation and subjective distress which are triggered in social anxiety...

  2. Effects of Animal-Assisted Therapy Among Children with Mental Health Disorders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Alysa Amelio

    Background: Mental health illness is on the rise amongst children in the United States. Research is still underway about alternative forms of therapy to provide to this vulnerable population. One of the alternative therapies utilized is Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT). Objectives: The...

  3. Patient Opinion of Visiting Therapy Dogs in a Hospital Emergency Department

    | Contributor(s):: Reddekopp, J., Dell, C. A., Rohr, B., Fornssler, B., Gibson, M., Carey, B., Stempien, J.

  4. Effects of Dog Assisted Therapy for Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder: An Exploratory Randomized Controlled Trial

    | Contributor(s):: Wijker, C., Leontjevas, R., Spek, A., Enders-Slegers, M. J.

  5. Dog-assisted therapy in the dental clinic. Part B. Hazards and assessment of potential risks to the health and safety of the dental therapy dog

    | Contributor(s):: Gussgard, A. M., Weese, J. S., Hensten, A., Jokstad, A.

  6. Dog-assisted therapy in the dental clinic: Part A-Hazards and assessment of potential risks to the health and safety of humans

    | Contributor(s):: Gussgard, A. M., Weese, J. S., Hensten, A., Jokstad, A.

  7. The effects of a therapy dog vs mindfulness vs a student advisor on student anxiety and well-being

    | Contributor(s):: Spruin, E., Dempster, T., Islam, S., Raybould, I.

  8. Curriculum-Based Animal-Assisted Therapy in an Acute Outpatient Mental Health Setting

    | Contributor(s):: Kashden, J., Lincoln, C. R., Finn-Stevenson, M.

  9. Circle of Change

    Full-text: Available

    Under the supervision of professional dog trainers, veterans from all wars suffering the effects of PTSD & traumatic brain injuries learn dog handling skills.  Participants meet once a week to interact with each other and train dogs.  

  10. Prevailing Clusters of Canine Behavioural Traits in Historical US Demand for Dog Breeds (1926–2005)

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Bethany Wilson, James Serpell, Harold Herzog, Paul McGreevy

    Drawing on American Kennel Club (AKC) puppy registration numbers for approximately 82 varieties of pedigree dogs between 1926 and 2005, the current article analyses behavioural reports on 32,005 dogs of these varieties reported through the Canine Behavioural Assessment and Research...

  11. The mental health benefits of having dogs on college campuses

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Trenton Adams, Catherine Clark, Victoria Crowell, Kolleen Duffy, Margaret Green, Selena McEwen, Allison Wrape, Frank Hammonds

    College can be a stressful time for many, especially those dealing with problems like stress, anxiety, and depression. While colleges and universities typically offer counseling services, many students who could benefit do not take advantage of them. Research suggests that animals may play an...

  12. Easing anxiety in preparation for pediatric magnetic resonance imaging: a pilot study using animal-assisted therapy

    | Contributor(s):: Perez, M., Cuscaden, C., Somers, J. F., Simms, N., Shaheed, S., Kehoe, L. A., Holowka, S. A., Aziza, A. A., Shroff, M. M., Greer, M. C.

  13. Adult separation anxiety disorder: The human-animal bond

    | Contributor(s):: Dowsett, Elisha, Delfabbro, Paul, Chur-Hansen, Anna

  14. Positive Reinforcement Training for Blood Collection in Grizzly Bears (Ursus arctos horribilis) Results in Undetectable Elevations in Serum Cortisol Levels: A Preliminary Investigation

    | Contributor(s):: Joyce-Zuniga, Nicole M., Newberry, Ruth C., Robbins, Charles T., Ware, Jasmine V., Jansen, Heiko T., Nelson, O. Lynne

    Training nonhuman animals in captivity for participation in routine husbandry procedures is believed to produce a lower stress environment compared with undergoing a general anesthetic event for the same procedure. This hypothesis rests largely on anecdotal evidence that the captive subjects...

  15. Investigating Potential Effects of the Contraceptive Implanon on the Behavior of Free-Ranging Adult Female Barbary Macaques

    | Contributor(s):: Maijer, Amanda M., Semple, Stuart

    In recent years, the use of hormonal contraception in captive, free-ranging, and wild mammal populations has increased, but the effects on these nonhuman animals' behavior and the associated welfare impacts remain poorly understood. This study of free-ranging adult female Barbary macaques (Macaca...

  16. Does Viewing a Picture of a Pet During a Mental Arithmetic Task Lower Stress Levels?

    | Contributor(s):: Ein, Natalie, Hadad, Marilyn, Reed, Maureen J., Vickers, Kristin

    Pets can reduce stress in their owner; however, they are not always permitted in public and institutional places. This study examined the impact of people viewing a picture of their pet versus other images on stress levels. One hundred and twenty participants were randomly assigned to one of six...

  17. Attachment Anxiety and Avoidance Influence Pet Choice and Pet-directed Behaviors

    | Contributor(s):: Green, Jeffrey D., Coy, Anthony E., Mathews, Maureen A.

    Attachment theory is a useful lens through which to examine both perceptions and selection of companion animals. Study 1 compared perceptions of dogs and cats, and found that dogs were perceived as having more positive relationship qualities and secure attachment-related characteristics, whereas...

  18. Pet Dogs Improve Family Functioning and Reduce Anxiety in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

    | Contributor(s):: Wright, Hannah, Hall, Sophie, Hames, Annette, Hardiman, Jessica, Mills, Richard, Team, Paws Project, Mills, Daniel

    There is increasing evidence to suggest that dogs are beneficial for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in therapy sessions, and anecdotal reports suggest that dogs may have wider benefits, in a family setting. This study investigated the effect of dog ownership on family functioning...

  19. Exploring Synchronicity in the Heart Rates of Familiar and Unfamiliar Pairs of Horses and Humans Undertaking an In-Hand Task

    | Contributor(s):: Hockenhull, Jo, Young, Tamsin J., Redgate, Sarah E., Birke, Lynda

    Physiological responses that occur in horses and humans during their interactions, on the ground and during ridden work, have been investigated in a number of studies with some conflicting results. These suggest that in some situations emotional state may be transferred from humans to horses and...

  20. The Psychological and Physiological Effects of Using a Therapy Dog in Mindfulness Training

    | Contributor(s):: Henry, Courtney L., Crowley, Susan L.

    The present study was a randomized controlled trial examining the psychological and physiological effects of adding animal-assisted therapy (AAT) to a modified Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction program (MBSR) for clients experiencing psychological distress. It was hypothesized that AAT would...