The Social Rank of Zoo-Housed Japanese Macaques is a Predictor of Visitor-Directed Aggression
| Contributor(s):: Jocelyn M. Woods, Stephen R. Ross, Katherine A. Cronin
The effect that visitors have on the behavior and welfare of animals is a widely-studied topic in zoo animal welfare. Typically, these studies focus on how the presence or activity levels of visitors affect animals. However, for many species, and particularly primates, social factors, such as...
Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs
| Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.
Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...
Protein expression and genetic variability of canine Can f 1 in golden and Labrador retriever service dogs
| Contributor(s):: Breitenbuecher, C., Belanger, J. M., Levy, K., Mundell, P., Fates, V., Gershony, L., Famula, T. R., Oberbauer, A. M.
Background: Valued for trainability in diverse tasks, dogs are the primary service animal used to assist individuals with disabilities. Despite their utility, many people in need of service dogs are sensitive to the primary dog allergen, Can f 1, encoded by the Lipocalin 1 gene (LCN1). Several...
The impact of COVID on cat guardians: veterinary issues
| Contributor(s):: Kogan, L. R., Erdman, P., Currin-McCulloch, J., Bussolari, C., Packman, W.
The onset of COVID has impacted the field of veterinary medicine and the lives of cat guardians in numerous ways, yet the subject remains largely unexplored. The purpose of this study was to better understand cat guardians' fears and concerns pertaining to veterinary care and obtainment of...
The cohabitation of humans and urban cats in the anthropocene: the clash of welfare concepts
| Contributor(s):: Jaros, F.
Urban environments are inhabited by several types of feline populations, which we can differentiate as feral cats, free-roaming pets, and confined pets. Due to a shift in the cultural representation of cats from pest controllers to companion animals, cats living semi-independently of humans are...
Locking down the impact of New Zealand's COVID-19 alert level changes on pets
| Contributor(s):: Esam, F., Forrest, R., Waran, N.
The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on human-pet interactions within New Zealand, particularly during lockdown, was investigated via two national surveys. In Survey 1, pet owners (n = 686) responded during the final week of the five-week Alert Level 4 lockdown (highest level of restrictions -...
A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms
| Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da
Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol
| Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.
Developing and validating attention bias tools for assessing trait and state affect in animals: A worked example with Macaca mulatta
| Contributor(s):: Howarth, Emmeline R. I., Kemp, Caralyn, Thatcher, Harriet R., Szott, Isabelle D., Farningham, David, Witham, Claire L., Holmes, Amanda, Semple, Stuart, Bethell, Emily J.
Influence of Biographical Variables and Academic Background on Attitudes towards Animal-Assisted Interventions
| Contributor(s):: J. Lopez-Cepero, M.A. Perea-Mediavilla, J.L. Sarasola, A. Tejada
Over the past two decades, there has been increasing evidence of the benefits of animal-assisted interventions (AAI) among diverse groups and settings. However, little is known of the variables that can affect the attitudes of professionals towards these interventions. Two studies were done...
Personality traits modulate stress responses after enclosure change of captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus)
| Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Vitor Hugo Bessa, Fonseca, Elanne De Paiva, Chagas, Ana Cecilia Correia Santos Das, Pinheiro, Luiz Guilherme Mesquita, Sousa, Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de, Silva, Hélderes Peregrino Alves da, Galvão-Coelho, Nicole Leite, Ferreira, Renata Gonçalves
Husbandry procedures may cause behavioral and physiological changes to animals living in captivity. However, an individual’s reaction is not uniform and may be related to different coping strategies. In this study, we analyzed whether and how 12 adult captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus...
Social Behavior of a Reproducing Pair of the Philippine Tarsier (Tarsius syrichta) in Captivity
| Contributor(s):: Wojciechowski, Filip J., Kaszycka, Katarzyna A., Řeháková, Milada
Social interactions of the nocturnal primates are not well studied. One of the species for which social behavior is scarcely known is the Philippine tarsier (Tarsius [= Carlito] syrichta). We observed a reproducing pair of captive individuals over two mating seasons for two consecutive years. The...
Understanding the Behavior of Sanctuary-Housed Chimpanzees During Public Programs
| Contributor(s):: Hansen, Bethany K., Hopper, Lydia M., Fultz, Amy L., Ross, Stephen R.
At zoos, and some sanctuaries, members of the public can observe the resident animals. Examining the characteristics and consequences of this type of human–animal encounter is important to understand public education and engagement as well as animal behavior and welfare. Zoos typically have a...
Welfare impacts of the illegal wildlife trade in a cohort of confiscated greater slow lorises, Nycticebus coucang
| Contributor(s):: Fuller, Grace, Eggen, Wilhelmina Frederica, Wirdateti, Wirdateti, Nekaris, K. A. I.
Illegal harvesting and trade are major forces behind population declines of wild slow lorises (genus Nycticebus). The impacts of the wildlife trade on individual slow lorises have not been as well described. In this article, we describe quantitatively the consequences of the wildlife trade for 77...
Use of Primates in Research: What Do We Know About Captive Strepsirrhine Primates?
| Contributor(s):: Lázaro, Gloria Fernández, Zehr, Sarah, García, Enrique Alonso
The increasing debate and restrictions on primate research have prompted many surveys about their status. However, there is a lack of information regarding strepsirrhine primates in the literature. This study provides an overview of research on strepsirrhines in captivity by analyzing scientific...
Complexities of Using Wild versus Captive Activity Budget Comparisons for Assessing Captive Primate Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Howell, Christian P., Cheyne, Susan M.
Activity budget comparisons between groups or individuals in the wild and those in captivity are commonly used to determine the range of wild-type behaviors that nonhuman animals in captivity perform. These comparisons are conducted with the view that individuals displaying a greater range of...
Visitor Perceptions of Captive, Endangered Barbary Macaques (Macaca sylvanus) Used as Photo Props in Jemaa El Fna Square, Marrakech, Morocco
| Contributor(s):: Stazaker, Kristina, Mackinnon, Jay
Visitors to Jemaa El Fna Square can pay to have their photograph taken with Barbary macaques. Our aim was to characterize visitors’ perceptions of such photo props, enabling demand-reducing interventions to be targeted appropriately and destination managers to maintain or enhance the visitor...
Motivations for the Ownership of Captive Lemurs in Madagascar
| Contributor(s):: Reuter, Kim E., Schaefer, Melissa S.
The live capture of primates is occurring throughout the tropics and can be a threat to their conservation. Primates are owned as pets for a variety of reasons. Studies of the motivations for primate ownership have been conducted in several countries where they are endemic, but no study has...
Social housing of surplus males of Javan langurs (Trachypithecus auratus): Compatibility of intact and castrated males in different social settings
| Contributor(s):: Dröscher, Iris, Waitt, Corri D.
Javan langurs (Trachypithecus auratus) naturally form social groups containing typically only one adult male. However, this social system is problematic with regard to captive management, as it can lead to the production of surplus males. The study assessed if castration is a feasible strategy to...
The psychology of control: Effects of control over supplementary light on welfare of marmosets
| Contributor(s):: Buchanan-Smith, Hannah M., Badihi, Inbal
It is often argued that increasing the amount of control that animals have over various aspects of their environment has a positive effect on their welfare, despite limited empirical evidence. We gave 12 pairs of common marmosets (Master pairs) control over supplementary light in their cages...