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  1. Potential Impact of Construction Noise on Selected Zoo Animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Richard Jakob-Hoff, Michael Kingan, Chiaki Fenemore, Gian Schmid, John F. Cockrem, Amanda Crackle, Emily Van Bemmel, Rebecca Connor, Kris Descovich

    In anticipation of a major construction project in an urban New Zealand zoo, a study was initiated to assess the response to construction noise of selected animal species (elephant, giraffe, emu and alligator) previously observed to be sensitive to this kind of noise. The overall aim was to...

  2. Non-invasive Assessment of Fecal Stress Biomarkers in Hunting Dogs During Exercise and at Rest

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Augusta Zannoni, Marco Pietra, Alba Gaspardo, Pier Attilio Accorsi, Monica Barone, Silvia Turroni, Luca Laghi, Chenglin Zhu, Patrizia Brigidi, Monica Forni

    Intense exercise causes to organisms to have oxidative stress and inflammation at the gastrointestinal (GI) level. The reduction in intestinal blood flow and the exercise-linked thermal damage to the intestinal mucosa can cause intestinal barrier disruption, followed by an inflammatory...

  3. The Use of Environmental Enrichments Affects Performance and Behavior of Growing Rabbits Housed in Collective Pens

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Angela Trocino, Cristina Zomeño, Eirini Filiou, Marco Birolo, Peter White, Gerolamo Xiccato

    This study assessed the effects of an elevated plastic-slatted platform and/or a plastic hiding tube in collective pens with large group sizes (27 or 36 rabbits/pen; 16 rabbits/m2) on the performance and welfare of rabbits kept from weaning (at 33 days of age) to slaughter (at 68 or 75 days of...

  4. One Health in Action: Operational Aspects of an Integrated Surveillance System for Zoonoses in Western Kenya

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Laura C. Falzon, Lorren Alumasa, Fredrick Amanya, Erastus Kang'ethe, Samuel Kariuki, Kelvin Momanyi, Patrick Muinde, Maurice K. Murungi, Samuel M. Njoroge, Allan Ogendo, Joseph Ogola, Jonathan Rushton, Mark E. J. Woolhouse, Eric M. Fèvre

    Surveillance of diseases in Kenya and elsewhere in East Africa is currently carried out by both human and animal health sectors. However, a recent evaluation highlighted the lack of integration between these sectors, leading to disease under-reporting and inefficiencies. This project aimed to...

  5. Simulations reveal the power and peril of artificial breeding sites for monitoring and managing animals

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Christopher J. W. McClure, Benjamin P. Pauli, Julie A. Heath

    Despite common use, the efficacy of artificial breeding sites (e.g., nest boxes, bat houses, artificial burrows) as tools for monitoring and managing animals depends on the demography of target populations and availability of natural sites. Yet, the conditions enabling artificial breeding sites...

  6. Beliefs, Attitudes and Self-Efficacy of Australian Veterinary Students Regarding One Health and Zoonosis Management

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Ihab Habib, Wing Sze Lam, Hamid Reza Sodagari, Peter Irons, Mieghan Bruce

    This study aimed to explore the beliefs and attitudes of a group of senior veterinary students regarding One Health and to evaluate their levels of confidence in advising the general public on preventative health issues at the human–animal interface. An online survey was communicated to...

  7. Eye Blink Rates and Eyelid Twitches as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress in the Domestic Horse

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Katrina Merkies, Chloe Ready, Leanne Farkas, Abigail Hodder

    Physiological changes provide indices of stress responses, however, behavioural measures may be easier to determine. Spontaneous eye blink rate has potential as a non-invasive indicator of stress. Eyelid movements, along with heart rate (HR) and behaviour, from 33 horses were evaluated over...

  8. Development of a Robust Canine Welfare Assessment Protocol for Use in Dog (Canis Familiaris) Catch-Neuter-Return (CNR) Programmes

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Heather Bacon, Hayley Walters, Vlad Vancia, Louise Connelly, Natalie Waran

    The aim of this study was to develop a welfare assessment tool based on objective, reliable and relevant measures to be applied to individual dogs as they underwent a Catch-Neuter-Return (CNR) programme. A modified Delphi method and Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) approach...

  9. Positive emotions and quality of life in dogs

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Patrizia Piotti

    Positive affect is fundamental to ensuring good animal welfare. Discrete and dimensional theories of emotion have recently been used to explore the relation between cognition and affect and to develop cognitive measures of positive affect. Human quality-of-life assessment focuses on positive...

  10. Reducing Extreme Suffering for Non-Human Animals: Enhancement vs. Smaller Future Populations?

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Magnus Vinding

    This paper argues that ethical views that place primary importance on the reduction of extreme suffering imply that, at least in theory, it can be better to allow enhanced non-human animals to come into existence rather than unenhanced non-human animals. Furthermore, they imply that it would be...

  11. 4-H humane animal care guidelines

    Full-text: Available

  12. Animal Disaster Training: Assessing Disaster Preparedness and Perceptions of Responders

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Carla L. Huston

    Extension has an important role in addressing animal issues in communities. An evaluation of animal disaster preparedness and perceptions of participants in a large-animal emergency training course was conducted through precourse and postcourse surveys, and survey data from first responders...

  13. Breed Group Effects on Complaints about Canine Welfare Made to the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (RSPCA) Queensland, Australia

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hao Yu Shih, Mandy B. A. Paterson, Clive J. C. Phillips

    Cruelty- and neglect-related canine welfare concerns are important welfare and social issues. Dog breed has been identified as a risk factor for bad welfare, and yet its role in different types of canine welfare concerns has not been fully investigated. We conducted a retrospective study of...

  14. Behavioral and Physiological Differences between Working Horses and Chilean Rodeo Horses in a Handling Test

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Paula Rosselot, Tiago Mendonça, Igor González, Tamara Tadich

    Non-invasive measures are preferred when assessing animal welfare. Differences in behavioral and physiological responses toward a stressor could be the result of the selection of horses for specific uses. Behavioral and physiological responses of working and Chilean rodeo horses subjected to a...

  15. Comprehensive Report of the Caseload of Donkeys and Mules Presented to a Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital over a Ten-Year Period

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lais R. R. Costa, Monica Aleman, Eric Davis

    Comprehensive reports of the caseload of donkeys and mules in veterinary hospitals in the United States are lacking. We compiled the information of the caseload of donkeys and mules at the Veterinary Medical Teaching Hospital at the University of California, Davis for a ten-year period, from...

  16. The Impact of COVID-19 on the Working Equid Community: Responses from 1530 Individuals Accessing NGO Support in 14 Low- and Middle-Income Countries

    | Contributor(s):: Wild, I., Gedge, A., Burridge, J., Burford, J.

  17. Social Enterprise as a Model to Improve Live Release and Euthanasia Rates in Animal Shelters

    | Contributor(s):: Thomsen, J., Thomsen, B., Copeland, K., Coose, S., Blackwell, S., Dante, V.

  18. The Anchoring Model as a Tool to Improve Visitors’ Perceptions of Zoos

    | Contributor(s):: Sampaio, Marilian Boachá, Schiel, Nicola, Souto, Antonio

  19. Attitudes Toward Animal Welfare Among Adolescents from Colombia, France, Germany, and India

    | Contributor(s):: Randler, Christoph, Ballouard, Jean-Marie, Bonnet, Xavier, Chandrakar, Priti, Pati, Atanu Kumar, Medina-Jerez, William, Pande, Babita, Sahu, Subhashis

  20. Climate change and companion animals: Identifying links and opportunities for mitigation and adaptation strategies

    | Contributor(s):: Protopopova, A., Ly, L. H., Eagan, B. H., Brown, K. M.