Prediction of vitality and survival of newborn lambs using a modified Apgar score
Contributor(s):: Barreto, José Victor Pronievicz, Pertile, Simone Fernanda Nedel, Rego, Fabíola Cristine de Almeida, Patelli, Thais Helena Constantino, Nascimento, Sheila Tavares, Lorenzetti, Elis, da Cunha Filho, Luiz Fernando Coelho
Small Ruminants: Farmers' Hope in a World Threatened by Water Scarcity
| Contributor(s):: Oluwakamisi F. Akinmoladun, Voster Muchenje, Fabian N. Fon, Conference T. Mpendulo
The availability and sustainability of suitable and good quality drinking water is a global concern. Such uncertainties threaten livestock production with an attendant ripple effect on food security. Small ruminants, including sheep and goats, appear to be promising to smallholder farmers in...
Evaluation of Animal-Based Indicators to Be Used in a Welfare Assessment Protocol for Sheep
| Contributor(s):: Susan E. Richmond, Francoise Wemelsfelder, Ina Beltran de Heredia, Roberto Ruiz, Elisabetta Canali, Cathy M. Dwyer
Sheep are managed under a variety of different environments (continually outdoors, partially outdoors with seasonal or diurnal variation, continuously indoors) and for different purposes, which makes assessing welfare challenging. This diversity means that resource-based indicators are not...
The human-animal relationship in dairy animals
| Contributor(s):: Napolitano, F., Bragaglio, A., Sabia, E., Serrapica, F., Braghieri, A., Rosa, G. de
The present study aims to identify margins for the improvement of dairy animal welfare and production based on the quality of the human-animal relationship (HAR). The main tool proposed to improve the quality of HAR in dairy animals is training of stock-people by targeting their attitude and...
Evaluation of the tri-axial accelerometer to identify and predict parturition-related activities of Debouillet ewes in an intensive setting
| Contributor(s):: Gurule, Sara C., Tobin, Colin T., Bailey, Derek W., Hernandez Gifford, Jennifer A.
Text Mining Analysis to Evaluate Stakeholders' Perception Regarding Welfare of Equines, Small Ruminants, and Turkeys
| Contributor(s):: Emanuela Dalla Costa, Vito Tranquillo, Francesca Dai, Michela Minero, Monica Battini, Silvana Mattiello, Sara Barbieri, Valentina Ferrante, Lorenzo Ferrari, Adroaldo Zanella, Elisabetta Canali
Welfare of animals significantly depends on how stakeholders perceive their needs and behave in a way to favor production systems that promote better welfare outcomes. This study aimed at investigating stakeholders’ perception of the welfare of equines, small ruminants, and turkeys using...
Duration of phase II of labour negatively affects maternal behaviour and lamb viability in wool-type primiparous ewes under extensive rearing
| Contributor(s):: Regueiro, Mariel, López-Mazz, Carlos, Jorge-Smeding, Ezequiel, Baldi, Fernando, Banchero, Georgget
Behavioural reactivity of two lines of South African Merino sheep divergently selected for reproductive potential
| Contributor(s):: Bonato, Maud, Cloete, J. J. E., Kruger, A. C. M., Cloete, Schalk W. P.
Qualitative behavioural assessment of pain in castrated lambs
| Contributor(s):: Masłowska, Katarzyna, Mizzoni, Fabiana, Dwyer, Cathy M., Wemelsfelder, Francoise
This study investigates for the first time the application of Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) to the analysis of acute pain expression in castrated lambs. Eighty 2-day-old male lambs were allocated to one of 4 groups (n = 20 per treatment): handled only (control, C), rubber ring...
Compared to grouped lambing, isolation favorize calmer animals and faster mother-lamb recognition but not lambs’ survival in tropical hair sheep farms
| Contributor(s):: Escobedo-Canul, Juan A., González-Pech, Pedro G., Sandoval-Castro, Carlos A., Cámara-Sarmiento, Ramón, Sarmiento-Franco, Luis
The aim of this study was to compare the mother-lamb bonding and lamb mortality observed on Pelibuey ewes lambing in isolation (IL) or group (GL) under tropical farm conditions. Each treatment was conformed with 16 adults multiparous Pelibuey ewes of similar weight (39.8 ± 8.01 kg) and body...
The presence of Icelandic leadersheep affects flock behaviour when exposed to a predator test
| Contributor(s):: Brunberg, Emma, Eythórsdóttir, Emma, Dýrmundsson, Ólafur R., Grøva, Lise
Genetic selection in commercial sheep production has mainly focussed on production traits and to a large extent ignoring behavioural traits, such as response towards predators. The Icelandic leadersheep is a sheep breed selected and known for its special behavioural traits, such as leading the...
Sheep Farmers' Perception of Welfare and Pain Associated with Routine Husbandry Practices in Chile
| Contributor(s):: Cristian Larrondo, Hedie Bustamante, Carmen Gallo
Considering the public concern about the welfare of farm animals during routine husbandry practices, this study aimed to determine how husbandry practices are carried out in Chilean farms, sheep farmers’ perceptions of animal welfare and pain, and factors that affect them, as well as the...
Assessment of Small Ruminant Welfare in Ethiopia – An Abattoir-Based Study
| Contributor(s):: Bekele, Tizeta, Szonyi, Barbara, Feleke, Aklilu, Grace, Delia
This paper presents the results of a cross-sectional study assessing the welfare of sheep and goats in a large abattoir in central Ethiopia, using qualitative and quantitative approaches. A total of 384 nonhuman animals (192 sheep and 192 goats) underwent clinical examination and behavioral...
Small Flocks Show Higher Levels of Welfare in Mexican Semi-Intensive Sheep Farming Systems
| Contributor(s):: Mondragón-Ancelmo, Jaime, Hernández, Patricia García, Rubio, Rolando Rojo, Vara, Ignacio Arturo Domínguez, Gigena, Marcia del Campo, Napolitano, Fabio
In order to assess the level of sheep welfare in small traditional farms as compared with farms of increased size we evaluated several animal-based parameters and applied a modified Animal Needs Index (ANI) protocol in farms located in the North-East of the country. We selected ten sheep farms: 5...
Effect of late gestational feed restriction and glucogenic precursor on behaviour and performance of Ghezel ewes and their offspring
| Contributor(s):: Ahmadzadeh, Leila, Hosseinkhani, Ali, Taghizadeh, Akbar, Ghasemi-Panahi, Babak, Hamidian, Gholamreza
Maternal undernutrition during pregnancy impairs offspring behaviours and thereby their survival rate indirectly by decreasing lamb birth weight or by deteriorating milk production which in turn limits bonding of the dam with the neonate. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of maternal...
Chute scoring as a potential method for assessing individual differences in arousal among ewes
| Contributor(s):: Schiller, Kaleiah, McVey, Catherine, Doyle, Shayna, Horback, Kristina
Chute scoring has been used among beef and dairy operations as a method to gauge the relative phenotypic characteristics of animals based on response to physical restraint. While elements of the cattle chute score, such as tail flicking, exit speed, and side kicking, have been validated as...
The sex of the offspring affects the lamb and ewe responses to abrupt weaning
| Contributor(s):: Freitas-de-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R.
Female lambs have a stronger attachment with their mothers and show a greater susceptibility to stressors than male lambs. Male lambs grow faster than female lambs do, achieving a greater nutritional independence from their mothers. Our hypothesis was that female lambs and their mothers are more...
A novel protocol to measure startle magnitude in sheep
| Contributor(s):: Salvin, Hannah, Cafe, Linda, Lees, Angela, Morris, Stephen, Lee, Caroline
Temperament is a trait of interest as it impacts ease of handling, production and reactivity to stressful situations. Excessive behavioural reactivity, as an aspect of temperament, may lead to reduced welfare and stockperson safety. Current tests of behavioural reactivity involve isolating the...
Thermography as a Non-Invasive Measure of Stress and Fear of Humans in Sheep
| Contributor(s):: Simona Cannas, Clara Palestrini, Elisabetta Canali, Bruno Cozzi, Nicola Ferri, Eugenio Heinzl, Michela Minero, Matteo Chincarini, Giorgio Vignola, Emanuela Dalla Costa
No data have been published on the use of infrared thermography (IRT) to evaluate sheep emotions. We assessed whether this technique can be used as a non-invasive measure of negative emotions. Two voluntary animal approach (VAA) tests were conducted (and filmed) on five ewes before and after...
Avaliação do comportamento e do stresse de ovelhas sujeitas a um teste de interação homem-animal. Utilização da técnica de termografia de infravermelhos.
| Contributor(s):: Antónia Luísa de Carvalho Ferreira Afonso
O objetivo desta tese de mestrado foi avaliar o comportamento e o stresse em ovelhas das raças Ide de-France (IF) e Churra-da-Terra-Quente (CTQ) sujeitas a um teste de interação homem-animal (teste parque ou de arena). Foi realizada uma análise de imagens...