Equine Activities Influence Horses' Responses to Different Stimuli: Could This Have an Impact on Equine Welfare?
| Contributor(s):: Tiago Mendonça, Cécile Bienboire-Frosini, Izabela Kowalczyk, Julien Leclercq, Sana Arroub, Patrick Pageat
The learning and cognitive challenges that horses may face differ according to the activities in which they are involved. The aim of this investigation was to study the influence of equine activities on the behavioral responses and autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity of adult horses....
Voluntary Rein Tension in Horses When Moving Unridden in a Dressage Frame Compared with Ridden Tests of the Same Horses—A Pilot Study
| Contributor(s):: Lara Piccolo, Kathrin Kienapfel
Too much rein tension while riding may compromise the welfare of the horse. But who generates the tension on the reins—the horse or the rider? The primary aim of this pilot study was to evaluate the maximum rein tension that horses voluntarily maintain without a rider compared to rein...
Coping Styles in the Domestic Cat (Felis silvestris catus) and Implications for Cat Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Judith Stella, Candace Croney
Identifying coping styles in cats may lead to improved health and welfare. The aims of this study were to (1) identify individual differences in response to acute confinement, and (2) to assess the predictability of guardian-rated personality traits on behavior. Adult cats (n = 55) were...
Incidence and impact of dog attacks on guide dogs in the UK: an update
| Contributor(s):: Moxon, R., Whiteside, H., England, G. C. W.
Data on dog attacks on Guide Dogs' stock were reviewed to investigate the characteristics of the attacks. An average of 11.2 attacks occurred each month. Nearly all of the attacks occurred in public areas, 68.4 per cent of victim dogs were qualified guide dogs and 55.5 per cent of victim...
Test-retest reliability and predictive validity of a juvenile guide dog behavior test
| Contributor(s):: Harvey, N. D., Craigon, P. J., Sommerville, R., McMillan, C., Green, M., England, G. C. W., Asher, L.
The ability to measure stable and consistent behavioral traits in dogs would facilitate selection and assessment of working dogs, such as guide dogs. Ideally, these measures should predict suitability for the working role from a young age. This study assessed test-retest reliability of a juvenile...
Aspects of juvenile and adolescent environment predict aggression and fear in 12-month-old guide dogs
| Contributor(s):: Serpell, J. A., Duffy, D. L.
Maturational changes in behavior, and the possible influence of the puppy-raising environment on behavioral development, were investigated in a total sample of 978 prospective guide dogs belonging to four different breeds/crosses. All dogs belonged to the same guide dog organization, and had...
The cohabitation of humans and urban cats in the anthropocene: the clash of welfare concepts
| Contributor(s):: Jaros, F.
Urban environments are inhabited by several types of feline populations, which we can differentiate as feral cats, free-roaming pets, and confined pets. Due to a shift in the cultural representation of cats from pest controllers to companion animals, cats living semi-independently of humans are...
Locking down the impact of New Zealand's COVID-19 alert level changes on pets
| Contributor(s):: Esam, F., Forrest, R., Waran, N.
The influence of the COVID-19 pandemic on human-pet interactions within New Zealand, particularly during lockdown, was investigated via two national surveys. In Survey 1, pet owners (n = 686) responded during the final week of the five-week Alert Level 4 lockdown (highest level of restrictions -...
A conceptual model of the human-animal relationships dynamics during newborn handling on cow-calf operation farms
| Contributor(s):: Costa, F. de O., Valente, T. S., Toledo, L. M. de, Ambrosio, L. A., Campo, M. del, Costa, M. J. R. P. da
Risk factors for aggression in adult cats that were fostered through a shelter program as kittens
| Contributor(s):: O'Hanley, K. A., Pearl, D. L., Niel, L.
Evaluating stress in riding horses: part one - behavior assessment and serum cortisol
| Contributor(s):: Hovey, M. R., Davis, A., Chen, S., Godwin, P., Porr, C. A. S.
The Canine Frustration Questionnaire—Development of a New Psychometric Tool for Measuring Frustration in Domestic Dogs (Canis familiaris)
| Contributor(s):: Kevin J. McPeake, Lisa M. Collins, Helen Zulch, Daniel S. Mills
Introduction: Psychometric tools have been developed for the assessment of behavioral and affective traits in non-human animals. Frustration can be defined as an emotional reaction experienced after a given expectation is violated. Frustration is a negative emotional state and whilst it...
Associations between Domestic-Dog Morphology and Behaviour Scores in the Dog Mentality Assessment
| Contributor(s):: Holly R. Stone, Paul D. McGreevy, Melissa J. Starling, Bjorn Forkman
The domestic dog shows a wide range of morphologies, that humans have selected for in the process of creating unique breeds. Recent studies have revealed correlations between changes in morphology and behaviour as reported by owners. For example, as height and weight decrease, many undesirable...
Prevailing Clusters of Canine Behavioural Traits in Historical US Demand for Dog Breeds (1926–2005)
| Contributor(s):: Bethany Wilson, James Serpell, Harold Herzog, Paul McGreevy
Drawing on American Kennel Club (AKC) puppy registration numbers for approximately 82 varieties of pedigree dogs between 1926 and 2005, the current article analyses behavioural reports on 32,005 dogs of these varieties reported through the Canine Behavioural Assessment and Research...
Bem-estar e comportamento de cães comunitários e percepção da comunidade
| Contributor(s):: Larissa Helena Ersching Rüncos
Resumo: A manutenção de cães comunitários surge como uma alternativa compassiva de manejo que contribui para o controle populacional e para a melhoria de vida dos cães, colaborando para diminuição de riscos para a saúde humana. É...
You Are Not My Handler! Impact of Changing Handlers on Dogs' Behaviours and Detection Performance
| Contributor(s):: La Toya J. Jamieson, Greg S. Baxter, Peter J. Murray
Dog-handler relationships can directly impact team success. Changing a dog’s handler may therefore compromise detection performance. However, there are currently few studies which support this. This research explored the performance and behavioural impact of changing a dog’s...
Effects of Rider Experience Level on Horse Kinematics and Behavior
| Contributor(s):: Rebekah Strunk
Large riding lesson programs are an essential part of the horse industry. To meet demand and remain profitable, lesson barns sometimes require horses to work multiple times a day with different rider levels. There is little guidance as to the behavioral and physical effects of such protocols,...
Programas de socialização para cachorros: uma só saúde
| Contributor(s):: Inês Isabel Nunes Coelho
A medicina comportamental de animais de companhia tem vindo a sofrer uma enorme evolução ao longo dos últimos anos, nomeadamente no que concerne o desenvolvimento comportamental do cachorro e os seus programas de socialização. Paralelamente, também a...
Behavioral and Perceptual Differences between Sexes in Dogs: An Overview
| Contributor(s):: Anna Scandurra, Alessandra Alterisio, Anna Di Cosmo, Biagio D’Aniello
In this paper, we review the scientific reports of sex-related differences in dogs as compared to the outcomes described for wild animals. Our aim was to explore whether the differences in male and female dogs were affected by the domestication process, in which artificial selection is the main...
Effect of a Standardized Four-Week Desensitization and Counter-Conditioning Training Program on Pre-Existing Veterinary Fear in Companion Dogs
| Contributor(s):: Anastasia Stellato, Sarah Jajou, Cate E. Dewey, Tina M. Widowski, Lee Niel
Many dogs show signs of fear during veterinary appointments. It is widely recommended to use desensitization and counter-conditioning training to reduce this fear. However, the efficacy of this method for reducing veterinary fear has not been examined. We assessed the effect of a standardized...