The Dividing Line Between Wildlife Research and Management—Implications for Animal Welfare
| Contributor(s):: Johan Lindsjö, Katarina Cvek, Elin M. F. Spangenberg, Johan N. G. Olsson, Margareta Stéen
Wild animals are used for research and management purposes in Sweden and throughout the world. Animals are often subjected to similar procedures and risks of compromised welfare from capture, anesthesia, handling, sampling, marking, and sometimes selective removal. The interpretation of the...
Rider impacts on equitation
| Contributor(s):: Williams, Jane, Tabor, Gillian
Equestrianism is popular worldwide, with millions of horses and riders participating in competitive horse sports and non-competitive leisure riding. Riders have a duty of care or responsibility for their horses and should aim to optimise their health and welfare. Despite this, limited research...
Hormonal correlates of behavioural profiles and coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus)
| Contributor(s):: Ferreira, Vitor Hugo Bessa, Silva, Carolina Pereira Cadório Da, Fonseca, Elanne De Paiva, Chagas, Ana Cecilia Correia Santos Das, Pinheiro, Luiz Guilherme Mesquita, Almeida, Raissa Nobrega De, Sousa, Maria Bernardete Cordeiro de, Silva, Hélderes Peregrino Alves Da, Galvão-Coelho, Nicole Leite, Ferreira, Renata Gonçalves
In this study, we tested the hypothesis that individual differences in behavioural profiles correlate to differences in stress-related behaviours and hormonal levels in captive brown capuchin monkeys (Sapajus libidinosus). Based on a sample of 25 animals, 143 h of behavioural data collection and...
Role of Food Insecurity in Outbreak of Anthrax Infections among Humans and Hippopotamuses Living in a Game Reserve Area, Rural Zambia
| Contributor(s):: Mark W. Lehman, Allen Craig, Constantine Malama, Muzala Kapina-Kany’anga, Philip Malenga, Fanny Munsaka, Sergio Muwowo, Sean Shadomy, Melissa A. Marx
In September 2011, a total of 511 human cases of anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) infection and 5 deaths were reported in a game management area in the district of Chama, Zambia, near where 85 hippopotamuses (Hippopotamus amphibious) had recently died of suspected anthrax. The human infections...
Advances in Applied Zoo Animal Welfare Science
| Contributor(s):: Ward, S. J., Sherwen, S., Clark, F. E.
A Case Study in Citizen Science: The Effectiveness of a Trap-Neuter-Return Program in a Chicago Neighborhood
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| Contributor(s):: Daniel D. Spehar, Peter J. Wolf
The use of trap-neuter-return (TNR) as a method of managing free-roaming cat populations has increased in the United States in recent decades. Historically, TNR has been conducted most often at a grassroots level, which has led to inconsistent data collection and assessment practices....
Role of environmental education in addressing Human-Animal conflict in Zambia's game management area
| Contributor(s):: Chimbwe Nyambe
Human-animal conflict, particularly human-carnivore conflict, is a growing problem in today’s crowded world, and can have significant impacts on both human and wildlife populations. Despite the application of different management practices, both locally and globally, the problem still...
Menace and Management: Power in the Human-Monkey Social Worlds of Delhi and Shimla
| Contributor(s):: Daniel Allen Solomon
This dissertation is based on ethnographic and textual research among the monkeys and humans of two Indian metropolises, mostly between 2006-2010. The monkeys are rhesus macaques, who have lived alongside humans in South Asia for thousands of years, make their livings in apparently anthropogenic...
Welfare effects of a disease eradication programme for dairy goats
| Contributor(s):: Muri, K., Leine, N., Valle, P. S.
The Norwegian dairy goat industry has largely succeeded in controlling caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE), caseous lymphadenitis (CLA) and paratuberculosis through a voluntary disease eradication programme called Healthier Goats (HG). The aim of this study was to apply an on-farm welfare...
A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period
| Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel
The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...
Silvopastoral systems for sustainable animal production and the role of animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Broom, D.
Sheep farmer opinions on the current and future role of veterinarians in flock health management on sheep farms: a qualitative study
| Contributor(s):: Jasmeet Kaler, L.E. Green
A 2009 UK Government report on veterinary expertise in food animal production highlighted that there was insufficient herd health expertise among veterinarians and lack of appropriate business models to deliver veterinary services to the livestock sector. Approximately two thirds of sheep farmers...
Management and rehabilitation of inter-dog aggression in animal shelters
| Contributor(s):: Jane S. Orihel
Identification and treatment of inter-dog aggression is important so that animal shelters can re-home animals safely and reduce long-term confinement and euthanasia rates. This thesis describes 1) a survey study which identified current management of aggressive dogs in shelters and explored the...
Helping Client Manage the Aggressive Dog
| Contributor(s):: Julia Albright
Participatory methods for the assessment of the ownership status of free-roaming dogs in Bali, Indonesia, for disease control and animal welfare
| Contributor(s):: Morters, M. K., Bharadwaj, S., Whay, H. R., Cleaveland, S., Damriyasa, I. M., Wood, J. L. N.
The existence of unowned, free-roaming dogs capable of maintaining adequate body condition without direct human oversight has serious implications for disease control and animal welfare, including reducing effective vaccination coverage against rabies through limiting access for vaccination, and...
Animal welfare in disaster management
| Contributor(s):: Vroegindewey, G.
An epidemiological approach to welfare research in zoos: the Elephant Welfare Project
| Contributor(s):: Carlstead, K., Mench, J. A., Meehan, C., Brown, J. L.
Multi-institutional studies of welfare have proven to be valuable in zoos but are hampered by limited sample sizes and difficulty in evaluating more than just a few welfare indicators. To more clearly understand how interactions of husbandry factors influence the interrelationships among welfare...
Communicating the role of hunting for wildlife management
| Contributor(s):: Campbell, Michael, Mackay, Kelly J.
Wildlife management agencies are increasingly faced with decisions where different groups hold conflicting attitudes and values with respect to the action taken. Identifying and understanding divergent views is essential in guiding the decisions of wildlife management. Occasionally, public...
Flaws in federal regulations pertaining to the welfare of primates kept in research institutions
| Contributor(s):: Reinhardt, V.
Federal welfare regulations for primates kept in research laboratories fail to (a) include recommendations pertaining to the legal requirement of the avoidance of stress and unnecessary discomfort during handling procedures, (b) specify how the legally required "uniform illumination" can be...