May 20 2017
International Association for Aquatic Animal medicine 48th Annual Meeting & Conference
Science, policy, and the public discourse of shark "attacks": a proposal for reclassifying human-shark interactions.
Contributor(s):: Christopher Neff, Robert E. Hueter
There are few phrases in the Western world that evoke as much emotion or as powerful an image as the words “shark” and “attack.” However, not all “shark attacks” are created equal. Under current labels, listings of shark attack may even include instances where...
Is Dolphin-Watching Sustainable in Bocas del Toro, Panama
Contributor(s):: Ashley Sitar
Due to concerns of unsustainable dolphin watching tourism in Bocas del Toro, and the increase in dolphin mortality in Bocas due to dolphin watching boat collisions research was conducted in the summer of 2013, to evaluate the severity of the situation, and to assess the tourists and boat...
Public Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behavior towards Sharks and Shark Conservation
Contributor(s):: Jason O'Bryhim
Many species of shark are in danger of overexploitation and could possibly be facing extinction. Sharks have been around for over 400 million years but recent declines that threaten their existence can be traced back to the current consumptive uses brought on by humans. If...
Selling Conservation? The Role of Volunteer Tourism in Supporting Marine Conservation in Southern Belize
Contributor(s):: Kathleen Georgia Brander
Volunteer tourism is a rapidly expanding sector advertised as an alternative to conventional tourism and as a way for tourists to contribute to conservation science. This thesis examines a volunteer tourism organization in southern Belize called ReefCI and investigates how multiple stakeholders...
Opportunities for Public Aquariums to Increase the Sustainability of the Aquatic Animal Trade
Contributor(s):: Michael F. Tlusty, Andrew L. Rhyne, Les Kaufman, Michael Hutchins, Gordon McGregor Reid, Chris Andrews, Paul Boyle, Jay Hemdal, Frazer McGilvray, Scott Dowd
The global aquatic pet trade encompasses a wide diversity of freshwater and marine organisms. While relying on a continual supply of healthy, vibrant aquatic animals, few sustainability initiatives exist within this sector. Public aquariums overlap this industry by acquiring many of the same...
Cuttlefish in captivity: an investigation into housing and husbandry for improving welfare
Contributor(s):: Tonkins, B. M., Tyers, A. M., Cooke, G. M.
The European cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis) is often kept in public aquaria, is becoming more common in aquaculture, and is also the most frequently used cephalopod in European research. Since 1st January 2013, all cephalopods ( Mollusca) have been protected under UK/EU law (A(SP)A 1986,...
Sea no evil: Sabrina Imbler at TEDxBrownU
Contributor(s):: Sabrina Imbler
Sabrina has a passion for fish and believes in taking care of them properly. She shares valuable information about fish, their lifestyle, her own experiences, and the magic of the sea in her talk on the underwater creatures. Sabrina is a sophomore at Brown University concentrating in English...
Aquarium Fish Medicine
Contributor(s):: Candace J. Carter, Mary Ann Nieves
The keeping of ornamental fish may be the most popular animal-oriented hobby in the United States. One household in every three owns and cares for some type of pet fish. In 1985, approximately $200 million was spent on aquarium fish retail sales. An additional $289 million was spent on aquarium...
Consistent individual differences in the behavioural responsiveness of adult male cuttlefish ( Sepia officinalis)
Contributor(s):: Carere, C., Grignani, G., Bonanni, R., Gala, M. della, Carlini, A., Angeletti, D., Cimmaruta, R., Nascetti, G., Mather, J. A.
Consistent individual differences in clusters of behaviour (animal personalities) are being increasingly recognized by researchers of different disciplines, but studies on invertebrates are still scanty. In order to test for the presence of personality-like individual profiles we assessed the...
Survival of bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops sp.) calves at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia
Contributor(s):: Neil, D. T., Holmes, B. J.
Mortality of calves born to provisioned mothers is identified in the literature as an issue of concern in dolphin provisioning programs. Wild dolphin provisioning at Tangalooma, Moreton Island, Australia has been occurring since 1992. Each evening, up to eight dolphins are provided with fish in a...
An empirical case study examining effectiveness of environmental enrichment in two captive Australian Sea Lions ( Neophoca cinerea )
Contributor(s):: Smith, B. P., Litchfield, C. A.
This case study examined the effect of environmental enrichment on the activity budgets of a male and female Australian Sea Lion (Neophoca cinerea) housed together at Adelaide Zoo. Using non-food-related (intrinsic) and food-related (extrinsic) enrichment objects, the study conducted an ABABA...
Behavior of a solitary sociable female bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus ) off the coast of Kent, southeast England
Contributor(s):: Eisfeld, S. M., Simmonds, M. P., Stansfield, L. R.
This article provides a report of the behavior of a solitary sociable dolphin studied on the southeast coast of England in 2007. This is the first study of its kind in which behavior of such a nonhuman animal was systematically studied. By the time of this study, this young female was highly...
Effects of pool size on free-choice selections by Atlantic bottlenosed dolphins at one zoo facility
Contributor(s):: Shyan, M. R., Merritt, D., Kohlmeier, N. M., Barton, K., Tenge, J.
Dolphin pool design often derives from the concept that cetaceans are ocean based and ipso facto should live in open, deep, watery spaces. This emotionally appealing rationale is not data driven. Researchers report that in the wild, some populations of Atlantic bottlenosed dolphins Tursiops...
"Gift giving" by wild bottle-nose dolphins (Tursiops sp.) to humans at a wild dolphin provisioning program, Tangalooma, Australia
Contributor(s):: Holmes, B. J., Neil, D. T.
Salivary cortisol in captive dolphins (Tursiops truncatus): a non-invasive technique
Contributor(s):: Pedernera-Romano, C., Valdez, R. A., Singh, S., Chiappa, X., Romano, M. C., Galindo, F.
The Canadian harp seal hunt: observations on the effectiveness of procedures to avoid poor animal welfare outcomes
Contributor(s):: Daoust, P. Y., Caraguel, C.
Conflict and reconciliation behavior trends of the bottlenose dolphin ( Tursiops truncatus )
Contributor(s):: Holobinko, A., Waring, G. H.
Wild bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) populations display societal structures characterized by numerous and frequent changes in group composition, complex social relationships, and high levels of cooperation, attributes also observed in human and nonhuman primate cultures. Maintaining...
Latitudinal variation in diet and patterns of human interaction in the marine otter
Contributor(s):: Mangel, J. C., Whitty, T., Medina-Vogel, G., Alfaro-Shigueto, J., Caceres, C., Godley, B. J.
The marine otter (Lontra felina) inhabits patches of rocky coastline from central Peru to southern Chile and is classified as Endangered by the IUCN. Given the limited information available about the species, we set out to assess marine otter diet with a view to detecting latitudinal differences,...
Behavioural responses of captive common dolphins Delphinus delphis to a 'Swim-with-Dolphin' programme
Contributor(s):: Kyngdon, D. J., Minot, E. O., Stafford, K. J.
We monitored the effects of a `Swim-with-Dolphin' (SWD) programme on the behaviour of three female common dolphins. They were studied from January 1999 to July 1999 at Marineland, Napier, New Zealand. Before, during and after SWD sessions we recorded: (1) the use of a refuge area, (2) the...