Relationship patterns in food purchase: observing social interactions in different shopping environments
Contributor(s):: Cicatiello, C., Pancino, B., Pascucci, S., Franco, S.
The social dimension of purchase seems particularly important when it comes to food, since it can contribute to foster "consumers' embeddedness" in the local food system. The discussion on this topic is growing after the emergence of alternative food networks (AFNs), which are thought to have...
The role of quality labels in market-driven animal welfare
Contributor(s):: Heerwagen, L. R., Morkbak, M. R., Denver, S., Sandoe, P., Christensen, T.
In policy-making the consumption of specially labelled products, and its role in improving the welfare of livestock, has attracted considerable attention. There is in many countries a diverse market for animal welfare-friendly products which is potentially confusing and may lack transparency. We...
Consumer choice and farmers' markets
Contributor(s):: Dodds, R., Holmes, M., Arunsopha, V., Chin, N., Le, T., Maung, S., Shum, M.
The increasing popularity of local food consumption can be attributed to the heightened awareness of food safety concerns, carbon emissions produced from food transportation, and an understanding of how large corporations' obtain their food supplies. Although there is increasing discussion on...
Food community networks as leverage for social embeddedness
Contributor(s):: Migliore, G., Schifani, G., Guccione, G. D., Cembalo, L.
Social embeddedness, defined as the interaction of economic activities and social behavior, is used in this study as a conceptual tool to describe the growing phenomenon of food community networks (FCNs). The aim in this paper was to map the system of relations which the FCNs develop both inside...
On governance, embedding and marketing: reflections on the construction of alternative sustainable food networks
Contributor(s):: Roep, D., Wiskerke, J. S. C.
A framework for the ethical analysis of novel foods: the ethical matrix
Contributor(s):: Mepham, B.
The paper addresses the issue of how in democratic societies a procedure might be formulated to facilitate ethical judgements on modern biotechnologies used in food production. A framework for rational ethical analysis, the Ethical Matrix, is proposed. The Matrix adapts the principles described...
Consumer autonomy and sufficiency of GMF labeling
Contributor(s):: Siipi, H., Uusitalo, S.
Individuals' food choices are intimately connected to their self-images and world views. Some dietary choices adopted by consumers pose restrictions on their use of genetically modified food (GMF). It is quite generally agreed that some kind of labeling is necessary for respecting consumers'...
Does autonomy count in favor of labeling genetically modified food?
Contributor(s):: Hansen, K.
In this paper, I argue that consumer autonomy does not count in favour of the labelling of genetically modified foods (GM foods) more than for the labelling of non-GM foods. Further, reasonable considerations support the view that it is non-GM foods rather than GM foods that should be labelled.
Feeling food: the rationality of perception
Contributor(s):: Beekman, V.
Regulatory bodies tend to treat people's emotional responses towards foods as a nuisance for rational opinion-formation and decision-making. This position is thought to be supported by such evidence as: (1) people showing negative emotional responses to the idea of eating meat products from...
Food safety, quality, and ethics - a post-normal perspective. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Ravetz, J. R.
I argue that the issues of food quality, in the most general sense including purity, safety, and ethics, can no longer be resolved through "normal" science and regulation. The reliance on reductionist science as the basis for policy and implementation has shown itself to be inadequate. I use...
Food supply chain governance and public health externalities: upstream policy interventions and the UK State. (Special issue: Food and the public's health)
Contributor(s):: Barling, D.
Contemporary food supply chains are generating externalities with high economic and social costs, notably in public health terms through the rise in diet-related non-communicable disease. The UK State is developing policy strategies to tackle these public health problems alongside...
Food, consumer concerns, and trust: food ethics for a globalizing market
Contributor(s):: Brom, F. W. A.
The use of biotechnology in food production gives rise to consumer concerns. The term consumer concern is often used as a container notion. It includes concerns about food safety, environmental and animal welfare consequences of food production systems, and intrinsic moral objections against...
Milk in the multiple: the making of organic milk in Norway. (Special Issue: Animal welfare in a broad perspective. Papers from the Nordic Network of Agriculture and Food Ethics.)
Contributor(s):: Larssaether, S.
The current article looks into the development of an organic market segment in Norway by following organic milk and the controversies that have emerged in the trail of this morally infused artefact. In particular focus is the reformatting of organic milk around the turn of the millennium and the...
Noble goals and challenging terrain: organic and fair trade coffee movements in the global marketplace
Contributor(s):: Rice, R. A.
An examination of the philosophies of fair-trade and organic coffee movements reveal that the philosophical underpinnings of both certified organic (CO) and fair-trade (FT) coffee run counter to the historical concerns of coffee production and trade. Data from surveys completed by 15...
Regulating functional foods in the European Union: informed choice versus consumer protection? (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Klompenhouwer, T., Belt, H. van den
This paper reviews the experiences of the Netherlands and the UK with their attempts at self-regulation in order to judge the merits and weaknesses of the newly proposed European regulation for functional foods. It is indicated that a new EU regulation covering health claims and other claims on...
Selective patronage and social justice: local food consumer campaigns in historical context
Contributor(s):: Hinrichs, C. C., Allen, P.
In the early 2000s, the development of local food systems in advanced industrial countries has expanded beyond creation and support of farmers' markets and community supported agriculture farms and projects to include targeted Buy Local Food campaigns. Non-governmental groups in many U.S. places...
Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food. (Special Issue: Ethics and the politics of food.)
Contributor(s):: Lien, M. E., Anthony, R.
This special issue examines how best to manage food production, distribution and consumption in an ethically viable manner. This issue consists of five papers. The first paper explains the differences between US and EU policies on genetically modified food and crops. The second paper explores the...
Swiss market for meat from animal-friendly production - responses of public and private actors in Switzerland
Contributor(s):: Phan-Huy, S. A., Fawaz, R. B.
Animal welfare is an important societal issue in Switzerland. Policy makers have responded with strict legislation on animal protection and with two programmes to promote animal friendly husbandry. Also private actors in the meat industry initiated programmes for animal friendly meat production...
The struggle over functional foods: justice and the social meaning of functional foods. (Special issue: Food safety, food quality and food ethics. Selected papers from the 3rd Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Korthals, M.
The social and scientific debate over functional foods has two focal points. One is the issue of the reliability and trustworthiness of the claims connected with functional foods. The second issue is the issue of the sociocultural dimension of functional foods and their detrimental effect on the...
You are what you eat: genetically modified foods, integrity, and society. (Special issue: Ethics as a dimension of agrifood policy: selected papers from the 4th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics)
Contributor(s):: Pascalev, A.
I develop a set of objections to genetically modified foods (GMF) grounded in the concept of integrity and maintain that food and food choice can be connected to the agent's personal integrity. I argue that due to the constitution of GMF and the manner in which they are produced, such foods are...