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Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats
Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.
Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...
Effect of pre- and post-partum sow activity on maternal behaviour and piglet weight gain 24 h after birth
Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Chaloupkova, H., Neuhauserova, K.
Within the 24 h prior to parturition sows are active and motivated to perform nest-building behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether pre-partum activity (e.g. nesting and postural changes) could predict maternal behaviour 24 h post-partum (pp) and weight gain 24 h pp, and...
Prepartum nest-building has an impact on postpartum nursing performance and maternal behaviour in early lactating sows
Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Farmer, C., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.
The effects of facilitating prepartum nest-building (NB) behaviour, by providing abundant nesting materials, on postpartum maternal characteristics in early lactating sows were evaluated. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE...
Nest building and posture changes and activity budget of gilts housed in pens and crates
Contributor(s):: Andersen, I. L., Vasdal, G., Pedersen, L. J.
The aim of the present work was to study nest building, posture changes and the overall activity budget of gilts in pens vs. crates. Twenty-three HB gilts (high piglet survival day 5) and 21 LB gilts (low piglet survival day 5) were video recorded from day 110 in pregnancy to four days after...
Behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two Min pig hybrid breeds in outdoor housing systems
Contributor(s):: Liu, HongGui, Wang, Chao, Lv, Jing, Yu, YunQing, Zhang, JunLing, Bao, Jun
Maternal behaviour in beef cows is individually consistent and sensitive to cow body condition, calf sex and weight
Contributor(s):: Stehulova, I., Spinka, M., Sarova, R., Machova, L., Knez, R., Firla, P.
Nest-building in sows: effects of farrowing housing on hormonal modulation of maternal characteristics
Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Vienola, K., Farmer, C., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.
Behaviour around the time of calving in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.
Impact of social stress during gestation and environmental enrichment during lactation on the maternal behavior of sows
Contributor(s):: Ringgenberg, N., Bergeron, R., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Devillers, N.
Alternative housing for sows and litters. Part 4. Effects of sow-controlled housing combined with a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance
Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.
Previous experimental work has shown modest and variable production and welfare benefits for the lactating sow and piglets when sows are allowed to separate themselves temporarily from their piglets, or when piglets have access to a communal creep area sufficiently attractive that they spend...
Alternative housing for sows and litters. Part 5. Individual differences in the maternal behaviour of sows
Contributor(s):: Pitts, A. D., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Pajor, E. A., Kramer, D. L.
'Sow-controlled' housing has been developed to address welfare and production concerns associated with close confinement of the lactating sow and her litter, by permitting the sow to leave the litter at will. However, there is a risk that variation in the use of the piglet-free ('get-away') area...
Applied animal behaviour science. (Special issue: Suckling)
Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Redbo, I.
This supplement contains articles that focus on behavioural and physiological aspects of suckling and/or sucking in ruminants. Abnormal sucking behaviour, particularly cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking, in calves are presented; and the effects of milk flow and milk volume, the presence of a...
Breed differences in the expression of maternal care at parturition persist throughout the lactation period in sheep
Contributor(s):: Pickup, H. E., Dwyer, C. M.
Maternal care plays an important role in the survival of offspring in mammals. In the ewe initial maternal care is expressed by nurturing the young and formation of an exclusive olfactory bond with the lamb. After the neonatal period, maternal care is associated with co-operation with sucking...
Can sow pre-lying communication or good piglet condition prevent piglets from getting crushed?
Contributor(s):: Melisova, M., Illmann, G., Andersen, I. L., Vasdal, G., Haman, J.
This study focused on the impact of sow-piglet communication during pre-lying behaviour and piglet condition on piglet location before the sow was lying down and on the incidence of piglet crushing. Eighteen loose-housed, Yorkshire x Norwegian Landrace sows and their litters were studied on Day 1...
Individual differences in the behaviour of sows at the nest-site and the crushing of piglets
Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B., Hegglin, D.
Continuous 24-h video recordings were made of 11 loose-housed sows and their litters during parturition, and during the following 10 days. Each sow and litter were kept in a pen with a straw-bedded nest-site. Piglets were defined as in danger of being crushed if they were trapped by the sow's...
Maternal behaviour in Mus musculus sp.: an ethological review
Contributor(s):: Weber, E. M., Olsson, I. A. S.
In this paper, we review the scientific literature on maternal behaviour in commensal house mice and laboratory mice. Similar to other altricial species, female mice prepare a nest before parturition. Once the pups are born, nursing is the main part of maternal behaviour, and pups are weaned...
Mother-young relationships in Belgian Blue cattle after a Caesarean section: characterisation and effects of parity. (Special issue: Suckling)
Contributor(s):: Vandenheede, M., Nicks, B., Desiron, A., Canart, B.
The systematic use of Caesarean section in "double muscled" Belgian Blue cattle can induce ethical concerns. The aims of the following study was to characterise mother-young relationships in such a situation and to assess the effect of parity. Fifteen heifers and 15 cows of the Belgian Blue breed...
Preventing physical interactions between parturient ewes and their neonate differentially impairs the development of maternal responsiveness and selectivity depending on maternal experience
Contributor(s):: Otal, J., Levy, F., Cornilleau, F., Moussu, C., Keller, M., Poindron, P.
The present study investigated whether deprivation of nursing or of any physical interaction with the lamb impairs the onset of maternal responsiveness and the establishment of selectivity in primiparous and multiparous ewes. Just after parturition, ewes could interact freely with their lamb, or...
Sow behaviour during parturition in relation to the observed and the genetic merit for weaning survival
Contributor(s):: Uitdehaag, K. A., Ekkel, D., Kanis, E., Knol, E.
The sow's breeding value for mothering ability (EBVma) can be estimated as the genetic effect of the foster sow on piglet survival at weaning. Sows with a high EBVma have litters with a short average interval from birth until first colostrum intake. In the present study, it was investigated...