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  1. Positive and negative gestational handling influences placental traits and mother-offspring behavior in dairy goats

    Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Mulligan, J., Hall, S. A., Donbavand, J. E., Palme, R., Aldujaili, E., Zanella, A. J., Dwyer, C. M.

    Dairy animals are subjected to a number of potential stressors throughout their lives, including daily interactions with humans. The quality of these interactions may have direct consequences for the animal undergoing the experience, but if such events occur during gestation it may also affect...

  2. Effect of pre- and post-partum sow activity on maternal behaviour and piglet weight gain 24 h after birth

    Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Chaloupkova, H., Neuhauserova, K.

    Within the 24 h prior to parturition sows are active and motivated to perform nest-building behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether pre-partum activity (e.g. nesting and postural changes) could predict maternal behaviour 24 h post-partum (pp) and weight gain 24 h pp, and...

  3. Alternative housing for sows and litters. Part 4. Effects of sow-controlled housing combined with a communal piglet area on pre- and post-weaning behaviour and performance

    Contributor(s):: Weary, D. M., Pajor, E. A., Bonenfant, M., Fraser, D., Kramer, D. L.

    Previous experimental work has shown modest and variable production and welfare benefits for the lactating sow and piglets when sows are allowed to separate themselves temporarily from their piglets, or when piglets have access to a communal creep area sufficiently attractive that they spend...

  4. Alternative housing for sows and litters. Part 5. Individual differences in the maternal behaviour of sows

    Contributor(s):: Pitts, A. D., Weary, D. M., Fraser, D., Pajor, E. A., Kramer, D. L.

    'Sow-controlled' housing has been developed to address welfare and production concerns associated with close confinement of the lactating sow and her litter, by permitting the sow to leave the litter at will. However, there is a risk that variation in the use of the piglet-free ('get-away') area...

  5. Applied animal behaviour science. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Redbo, I.

    This supplement contains articles that focus on behavioural and physiological aspects of suckling and/or sucking in ruminants. Abnormal sucking behaviour, particularly cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking, in calves are presented; and the effects of milk flow and milk volume, the presence of a...

  6. Individual differences in the behaviour of sows at the nest-site and the crushing of piglets

    Contributor(s):: Wechsler, B., Hegglin, D.

    Continuous 24-h video recordings were made of 11 loose-housed sows and their litters during parturition, and during the following 10 days. Each sow and litter were kept in a pen with a straw-bedded nest-site. Piglets were defined as in danger of being crushed if they were trapped by the sow's...

  7. Maternal behaviour in Mus musculus sp.: an ethological review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Weber, E. M., Olsson, I. A. S.

    In this paper, we review the scientific literature on maternal behaviour in commensal house mice and laboratory mice. Similar to other altricial species, female mice prepare a nest before parturition. Once the pups are born, nursing is the main part of maternal behaviour, and pups are weaned...

  8. Mother-young relationships in Belgian Blue cattle after a Caesarean section: characterisation and effects of parity. (Special issue: Suckling)

    | Contributor(s):: Vandenheede, M., Nicks, B., Desiron, A., Canart, B.

    The systematic use of Caesarean section in "double muscled" Belgian Blue cattle can induce ethical concerns. The aims of the following study was to characterise mother-young relationships in such a situation and to assess the effect of parity. Fifteen heifers and 15 cows of the Belgian Blue breed...

  9. Preventing physical interactions between parturient ewes and their neonate differentially impairs the development of maternal responsiveness and selectivity depending on maternal experience

    | Contributor(s):: Otal, J., Levy, F., Cornilleau, F., Moussu, C., Keller, M., Poindron, P.

    The present study investigated whether deprivation of nursing or of any physical interaction with the lamb impairs the onset of maternal responsiveness and the establishment of selectivity in primiparous and multiparous ewes. Just after parturition, ewes could interact freely with their lamb, or...

  10. Sow behaviour during parturition in relation to the observed and the genetic merit for weaning survival

    | Contributor(s):: Uitdehaag, K. A., Ekkel, D., Kanis, E., Knol, E.

    The sow's breeding value for mothering ability (EBVma) can be estimated as the genetic effect of the foster sow on piglet survival at weaning. Sows with a high EBVma have litters with a short average interval from birth until first colostrum intake. In the present study, it was investigated...

  11. Sow behaviour involved in the crushing of piglets in outdoor farrowing huts - a brief report

    | Contributor(s):: Vieuille, C., Berger, F., Pape, G. le, Bellanger, D.

    This study focuses on maternal activities involved in the trapping of piglets by the sow's body in outdoor farrowing systems and examine the mother-piglet context leading either to the death of piglets or to their survival. The behaviour of six Large-White x Landrace sows and their litters was...

  12. A note on genetic parameters of gilt responses to humans

    | Contributor(s):: Hellbrugge, B., Tolle, K. H., Presuhn, U., Krieter, J.

    In this study, a response test towards a stockperson was evaluated for improved maternal behaviour and increased piglet survival. Records were available from 638 German Landrace gilts with 860 observations tested for the response to an observer in the familiar environment of the mating centre....

  13. Maternal behaviour of domestic sows and crosses between domestic sows and wild boar

    | Contributor(s):: Gustafsson, M., Jensen, P., Jonge, F. H. de, Illmann, G., Spinka, M.

    Maternal behaviour was compared in 7 (Yorkshire x Dutch Landrace) x Yorkshire sows (domestic) and 7 (Yorkshire x Dutch Landrace) x wild boar sows (wild-type) before and up to 3 weeks after farrowing. All sows were primiparous and were maintained in an outdoor system with farrowing huts containing...

  14. Parturient behaviour and offspring-directed aggression in farmed wild boar of three genetic lines

    | Contributor(s):: Harris, M. J., Bergeron, R., Gonyou, H. W.

    Twenty-four primiparous farmed wild boar females of three genetic lines (SD, San Diego; PK, Peter Kalden; S, Scandinavian) were videotaped before and during parturition; production data were also recorded. Sows were housed in individual, well-strawed pens measuring 3.05 m x 1.52 m. The duration...

  15. Predictability of nursings without milk ejection in domestic pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Spinka, M., Stetkova, Z.

    Seven to 8 days after farrowing the suckling behaviour of 7 sows and their piglets (n = 8-10 per sow) was recorded for 24 h. Piglets were separated from the sows and were released into the sow's pen every 35 min to allow them to suckle. Teat massaging movements and sows' grunts were counted...

  16. Relation between early fear- and anxiety-related behaviour and maternal ability in sows

    | Contributor(s):: Janczak, A. M., Pedersen, L. J., Rydhmer, L., Bakken, M.

    Fear induced by exposure to humans, and anxiety induced by novel environmental changes may both function as stressors and have negative effects on reproduction in pigs. An earlier experiment indicated that reactions to humans and novelty had some repeatability between the ages of 8 and 24 weeks,...

  17. Savaging gilts are more restless and more responsive to piglets during the expulsive phase of parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Ahlstrom, S., Jarvis, S., Lawrence, A. B.

    Piglet-directed aggression by farrowing pigs seriously threatens the welfare of the piglets and also results in economic waste within the pig industry. Pre-weaning piglet mortality in the UK is around 11% with savaging accounting for up to 25% of deaths. The aim of this study was to investigate...

  18. Selection for maternal behaviour in mice - direct and correlated responses

    | Contributor(s):: Chiang, C. F., Johnson, R. K., Nielsen, M. K.

    Three generations of divergent selection for a maternal care index (MCI) in mice were practiced in each of three replicates. MCI was recorded for 29-32 dams and litters in each replicate/line subclass. Pups of the top (or bottom) 6-10 dams in each replicate, depending on number of females in the...

  19. Ultrasonic vocalisations of kits during maternal kit-retrieval in farmed mink, Mustela vison

    | Contributor(s):: Clausen, K. T., Malmkvist, J., Surlykke, A.

    Mink kits are born immature and are dependent on their dams' protection, warmth and milk for survival. We hypothesize that vocalisations by mink kits may be of importance for communication between kit and dam, increasing the individual's chance of survival. However, very little is known about the...

  20. Behaviour of the ewe and lamb at lambing and its relationship to lamb mortality

    | Contributor(s):: Arnold, G. W., Morgan, P. D.

    A number of behavioural traits associated with the maternal instinct of sheep were studied under paddock conditions over a range ofbreeds, age, climate, nutrition and locations in five lambings in Western Australia. There was very considerable variation between ewes in any group in the occurrence...