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Tags: Maternal behavior + Birth

All Categories (1-20 of 55)

  1. Behaviour around the time of calving in dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Jensen, Margit Bak

    The aim of this study was to investigate behavioural changes before and after calving in dairy cows in order to describe behavioural signs of imminent calving and of cows’ recovery after calving. Thirty-two multiparous Danish Holstein Frisian cows with an unassisted calving were studied from 96h...

  2. Mother-young behaviours at lambing in grazing ewes: effects of lamb sex and food restriction in pregnancy

    Contributor(s):: Freitas-De-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R., Hotzel, M. J., Abud, M. J., Alvarez-Oxiley, A., Orihuela, A., Damian, J. P., Perez-Clariget, R.

    This study investigated whether the level of pasture allowance from before conception until late pregnancy affects ewe-lamb behaviours at birth, and if those behaviours differ according to the sex of the lambs. We performed two experiments, in which 96 ewes were assigned to one of two nutritional...

  3. Strategic use of straw increases nest building in loose housed farrowing sows

    Contributor(s):: Westin, R., Hultgren, J., Algers, B.

    In spite of domestication, sows are still genetically programmed to perform nesting behaviour close to farrowing. In order to facilitate nest building, a method for a strategic use of large quantities of straw has been developed by Swedish piglet producing farmers. The objectives of the present...

  4. Effect of pre- and post-partum sow activity on maternal behaviour and piglet weight gain 24 h after birth

    Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Chaloupkova, H., Neuhauserova, K.

    Within the 24 h prior to parturition sows are active and motivated to perform nest-building behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether pre-partum activity (e.g. nesting and postural changes) could predict maternal behaviour 24 h post-partum (pp) and weight gain 24 h pp, and...

  5. Guidance for puppy owners

    Contributor(s):: Hedges, S.

    The advantages of behavioural guidance from veterinary practice was discussed. Highlights focused on the behavioural management, care, and training of puppies.

  6. A note on sheltering behaviour by ewes before and after lambing

    Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Shaw, K. J., Littlejohn, R. P.

    The effects of lambing and lamb rearing on sheltering behaviour was investigated in multiparous Romney x Perendale crossbred ewes with either 9 (5 ewes) or 3 months (5) of wool growth during daylight hours for 6 weeks over the lambing period, in a pasture with little vegetative shelter but with a...

  7. Applied animal behaviour science. (Special issue: Suckling)

    Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Redbo, I.

    This supplement contains articles that focus on behavioural and physiological aspects of suckling and/or sucking in ruminants. Abnormal sucking behaviour, particularly cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking, in calves are presented; and the effects of milk flow and milk volume, the presence of a...

  8. Influence of environmental stimuli on nest building and farrowing behaviour in domestic sows

    Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Jensen, K. H., Herskin, M. S., Jorgensen, E.

    The effects of floor type (sand vs. concrete) and substrate type (straw feeder vs. no straw feeder) were examined using a 2 x 2 factorial design with 9 replicates of 4 multiparous sows. From 1 week prepartum until 2 weeks after farrowing, sows were penned individually in roofed 7.6 msuperscript 2...

  9. Maternal behaviour in Mus musculus sp.: an ethological review

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Weber, E. M., Olsson, I. A. S.

    In this paper, we review the scientific literature on maternal behaviour in commensal house mice and laboratory mice. Similar to other altricial species, female mice prepare a nest before parturition. Once the pups are born, nursing is the main part of maternal behaviour, and pups are weaned...

  10. Mother-young relationships in Belgian Blue cattle after a Caesarean section: characterisation and effects of parity. (Special issue: Suckling)

    | Contributor(s):: Vandenheede, M., Nicks, B., Desiron, A., Canart, B.

    The systematic use of Caesarean section in "double muscled" Belgian Blue cattle can induce ethical concerns. The aims of the following study was to characterise mother-young relationships in such a situation and to assess the effect of parity. Fifteen heifers and 15 cows of the Belgian Blue breed...

  11. Preventing physical interactions between parturient ewes and their neonate differentially impairs the development of maternal responsiveness and selectivity depending on maternal experience

    | Contributor(s):: Otal, J., Levy, F., Cornilleau, F., Moussu, C., Keller, M., Poindron, P.

    The present study investigated whether deprivation of nursing or of any physical interaction with the lamb impairs the onset of maternal responsiveness and the establishment of selectivity in primiparous and multiparous ewes. Just after parturition, ewes could interact freely with their lamb, or...

  12. Sow behaviour during parturition in relation to the observed and the genetic merit for weaning survival

    | Contributor(s):: Uitdehaag, K. A., Ekkel, D., Kanis, E., Knol, E.

    The sow's breeding value for mothering ability (EBVma) can be estimated as the genetic effect of the foster sow on piglet survival at weaning. Sows with a high EBVma have litters with a short average interval from birth until first colostrum intake. In the present study, it was investigated...

  13. Behavioural relationships between Djallonke and Sahellian ewes and their lambs during the first 24 h post-partum

    | Contributor(s):: Asante, Y. A., Oppong-Anane, K., Awotwi, E. K.

    Djallonke, Sahellian crossbred ewes and their lambs were tested to find out their behavioural response to separation and their mutual recognition within the first 24 h post-partum. To determine whether age, sex, birth weight of lambs and parity of dams had an effect on these post-partum...

  14. Parturient behaviour and offspring-directed aggression in farmed wild boar of three genetic lines

    | Contributor(s):: Harris, M. J., Bergeron, R., Gonyou, H. W.

    Twenty-four primiparous farmed wild boar females of three genetic lines (SD, San Diego; PK, Peter Kalden; S, Scandinavian) were videotaped before and during parturition; production data were also recorded. Sows were housed in individual, well-strawed pens measuring 3.05 m x 1.52 m. The duration...

  15. Behaviour of the ewe and lamb at lambing and its relationship to lamb mortality

    | Contributor(s):: Arnold, G. W., Morgan, P. D.

    A number of behavioural traits associated with the maternal instinct of sheep were studied under paddock conditions over a range ofbreeds, age, climate, nutrition and locations in five lambings in Western Australia. There was very considerable variation between ewes in any group in the occurrence...

  16. Factors which influence parturition in the mare and development of the foal

    | Contributor(s):: Campitelli, S., Carenzi, C., Verga, M.

    127 foals born to 127 mares were studied. Mares aged 5, 6-11 and 12 yr gave birth to foals with birth weights of 42.65+or-6.175, 51.07+or-7.031 and 46.05+or-8.816 kg resp. and foetal membrane weights of 5.45+or-1.000, 6.27+or-1.191 and 6.37+or-1.104 kg; differences between age groups were...

  17. Allosuckling in cattle: gain or compensation?

    | Contributor(s):: Vichova, J., Bartos, L.

    The objective of this study was to assess the impact of allosuckling on the growth of calves in a herd of domestic cattle. We determined (i) if allosucking calves achieved a better weight gain than non-allosucking calves ingesting milk surplus to maternal milk supply or if they were compensating...

  18. Behaviour of semi-naturally kept sows and piglets (except suckling) during 10 days postpartum

    | Contributor(s):: Stangel, G., Jensen, P.

    Two groups of Swedish Landrace pigs were kept in enclosures of 7 and 13 ha. Out of these groups, 7 multiparous and 2 primiparous sows and their litters were studied during two 2-h sampling sessions per day (one in the morning and the other in the afternoon) for 10 days postpartum (total 270 h) in...

  19. Behaviour of the Murciano-Granadina goat during the first hour after parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Ramirez, A., Quiles, A., Hevia, M. L., Sotillo, F.

    The behaviour of 40 multiparous Murcia-Granada goats was recorded for the first hour after parturition (15 single and 25 twin births). Most does directed their first sniffing and licking at the kids' heads (49/65 and 48/65 observations respectively), with no difference between single and twin...

  20. Relationship of circulating estrogen and progesterone concentrations during late pregnancy and the onset phase of maternal behaviour in the ewe

    | Contributor(s):: Shipka, M. P., Ford, S. P.

    Five yearling ewes with known breeding dates were accustomed to the presence of the investigator during the gestation period. Each ewe was allowed to lamb in the location of its choice within the small barn and paddock in which it had been housed throughout gestation, and specific maternal...