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Mother-young behaviours at lambing in grazing ewes: effects of lamb sex and food restriction in pregnancy
Contributor(s):: Freitas-De-Melo, A., Ungerfeld, R., Hotzel, M. J., Abud, M. J., Alvarez-Oxiley, A., Orihuela, A., Damian, J. P., Perez-Clariget, R.
This study investigated whether the level of pasture allowance from before conception until late pregnancy affects ewe-lamb behaviours at birth, and if those behaviours differ according to the sex of the lambs. We performed two experiments, in which 96 ewes were assigned to one of two nutritional...
Strategic use of straw increases nest building in loose housed farrowing sows
Contributor(s):: Westin, R., Hultgren, J., Algers, B.
In spite of domestication, sows are still genetically programmed to perform nesting behaviour close to farrowing. In order to facilitate nest building, a method for a strategic use of large quantities of straw has been developed by Swedish piglet producing farmers. The objectives of the present...
Effect of pre- and post-partum sow activity on maternal behaviour and piglet weight gain 24 h after birth
Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Chaloupkova, H., Neuhauserova, K.
Within the 24 h prior to parturition sows are active and motivated to perform nest-building behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate: (i) whether pre-partum activity (e.g. nesting and postural changes) could predict maternal behaviour 24 h post-partum (pp) and weight gain 24 h pp, and...
Guidance for puppy owners
Contributor(s):: Hedges, S.
The advantages of behavioural guidance from veterinary practice was discussed. Highlights focused on the behavioural management, care, and training of puppies.
Prepartum nest-building has an impact on postpartum nursing performance and maternal behaviour in early lactating sows
Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Farmer, C., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.
The effects of facilitating prepartum nest-building (NB) behaviour, by providing abundant nesting materials, on postpartum maternal characteristics in early lactating sows were evaluated. A total of 35 sows, approximately seven days before the expected parturition date, were housed in: (1) CRATE...
Behavior and performance in primiparous sows of two Min pig hybrid breeds in outdoor housing systems
Contributor(s):: Liu, HongGui, Wang, Chao, Lv, Jing, Yu, YunQing, Zhang, JunLing, Bao, Jun
Maternal behaviour in beef cows is individually consistent and sensitive to cow body condition, calf sex and weight
Contributor(s):: Stehulova, I., Spinka, M., Sarova, R., Machova, L., Knez, R., Firla, P.
Nest-building in sows: effects of farrowing housing on hormonal modulation of maternal characteristics
Contributor(s):: Yun, JinHyeon, Swan, K. M., Vienola, K., Farmer, C., Oliviero, C., Peltoniemi, O., Valros, A.
Behaviour around the time of calving in dairy cows
Contributor(s):: Jensen, M. B.
A note on sheltering behaviour by ewes before and after lambing
Contributor(s):: Pollard, J. C., Shaw, K. J., Littlejohn, R. P.
The effects of lambing and lamb rearing on sheltering behaviour was investigated in multiparous Romney x Perendale crossbred ewes with either 9 (5 ewes) or 3 months (5) of wool growth during daylight hours for 6 weeks over the lambing period, in a pasture with little vegetative shelter but with a...
Applied animal behaviour science. (Special issue: Suckling)
Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Redbo, I.
This supplement contains articles that focus on behavioural and physiological aspects of suckling and/or sucking in ruminants. Abnormal sucking behaviour, particularly cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking, in calves are presented; and the effects of milk flow and milk volume, the presence of a...
Breed differences in the expression of maternal care at parturition persist throughout the lactation period in sheep
Contributor(s):: Pickup, H. E., Dwyer, C. M.
Maternal care plays an important role in the survival of offspring in mammals. In the ewe initial maternal care is expressed by nurturing the young and formation of an exclusive olfactory bond with the lamb. After the neonatal period, maternal care is associated with co-operation with sucking...
Can sow pre-lying communication or good piglet condition prevent piglets from getting crushed?
Contributor(s):: Melisova, M., Illmann, G., Andersen, I. L., Vasdal, G., Haman, J.
This study focused on the impact of sow-piglet communication during pre-lying behaviour and piglet condition on piglet location before the sow was lying down and on the incidence of piglet crushing. Eighteen loose-housed, Yorkshire x Norwegian Landrace sows and their litters were studied on Day 1...
Influence of environmental stimuli on nest building and farrowing behaviour in domestic sows
Contributor(s):: Thodberg, K., Jensen, K. H., Herskin, M. S., Jorgensen, E.
The effects of floor type (sand vs. concrete) and substrate type (straw feeder vs. no straw feeder) were examined using a 2 x 2 factorial design with 9 replicates of 4 multiparous sows. From 1 week prepartum until 2 weeks after farrowing, sows were penned individually in roofed 7.6 msuperscript 2...
Maternal behaviour in Mus musculus sp.: an ethological review
Contributor(s):: Weber, E. M., Olsson, I. A. S.
In this paper, we review the scientific literature on maternal behaviour in commensal house mice and laboratory mice. Similar to other altricial species, female mice prepare a nest before parturition. Once the pups are born, nursing is the main part of maternal behaviour, and pups are weaned...
Mother-young relationships in Belgian Blue cattle after a Caesarean section: characterisation and effects of parity. (Special issue: Suckling)
Contributor(s):: Vandenheede, M., Nicks, B., Desiron, A., Canart, B.
The systematic use of Caesarean section in "double muscled" Belgian Blue cattle can induce ethical concerns. The aims of the following study was to characterise mother-young relationships in such a situation and to assess the effect of parity. Fifteen heifers and 15 cows of the Belgian Blue breed...
Preventing physical interactions between parturient ewes and their neonate differentially impairs the development of maternal responsiveness and selectivity depending on maternal experience
Contributor(s):: Otal, J., Levy, F., Cornilleau, F., Moussu, C., Keller, M., Poindron, P.
The present study investigated whether deprivation of nursing or of any physical interaction with the lamb impairs the onset of maternal responsiveness and the establishment of selectivity in primiparous and multiparous ewes. Just after parturition, ewes could interact freely with their lamb, or...
Sow behaviour during parturition in relation to the observed and the genetic merit for weaning survival
Contributor(s):: Uitdehaag, K. A., Ekkel, D., Kanis, E., Knol, E.
The sow's breeding value for mothering ability (EBVma) can be estimated as the genetic effect of the foster sow on piglet survival at weaning. Sows with a high EBVma have litters with a short average interval from birth until first colostrum intake. In the present study, it was investigated...
Behavioural relationships between Djallonke and Sahellian ewes and their lambs during the first 24 h post-partum
Contributor(s):: Asante, Y. A., Oppong-Anane, K., Awotwi, E. K.
Djallonke, Sahellian crossbred ewes and their lambs were tested to find out their behavioural response to separation and their mutual recognition within the first 24 h post-partum. To determine whether age, sex, birth weight of lambs and parity of dams had an effect on these post-partum...
Parturient behaviour and offspring-directed aggression in farmed wild boar of three genetic lines
Contributor(s):: Harris, M. J., Bergeron, R., Gonyou, H. W.
Twenty-four primiparous farmed wild boar females of three genetic lines (SD, San Diego; PK, Peter Kalden; S, Scandinavian) were videotaped before and during parturition; production data were also recorded. Sows were housed in individual, well-strawed pens measuring 3.05 m x 1.52 m. The duration...