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  1. Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.

    It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...

  2. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  3. Do all dogs go to heaven? Investigating the association between demographic characteristics and beliefs about animal afterlife

    Contributor(s):: Royal, K. D., Kedrowicz, A. A., Snyder, A. M.

    The purpose of this research was to explore American's beliefs about animal afterlife based on key demographic factors such as sex, race/ethnicity, age, geographic region, religion/faith, and pet ownership. We attained a large and diverse sample of respondents (n=800) using Amazon's Mechanical...

  4. A simulation study of the effect of therapeutic horseback riding : a logistic regression approach

    Contributor(s):: Jeanette Pauw

    Therapeutic horseback riding (THR) uses the horse as a therapeutic apparatus in physical and psychological therapy. This dissertation suggests a more appropriate technique for measuring the effect of THR. A research survey of the statistical methods used to determine the effect of THR was...

  5. Analysis of dog adoption success and failure using surveys with vignettes

    Contributor(s):: Hill, S. E., Murphy, N. C.

    Adoption success of dogs who serve as companion animals was analyzed via surveys with vignettes. The researchers administered surveys with vignettes to animal shelter employees, veterinarians, and other animal-care professionals in Eastern North Carolina. Logistic and linear regression analyses...

  6. On-farm qualitative behaviour assessment in sheep: repeated measurements across time, and association with physical indicators of flock health and welfare

    Contributor(s):: Phythian, C. J., Michalopoulou, E., Cripps, P. J., Duncan, J. S., Wemelsfelder, F.

    Qualitative Behavioural Assessment (QBA) is a 'whole-animal' methodology that assesses the expressive qualities of animal behaviour using terms such as 'tense', 'relaxed', 'anxious', and 'content'. The reliability and validity of QBA as an indicator for on-farm welfare assessment in pigs, cattle,...

  7. Calf mortality in semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) in a Scottish herd: the impact of maternal age and individual differences between cow

    Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, M. W., Jarvis, S., Brewer, M. J., Goddard, P. J.

    High calf mortality rate is a significant problem facing semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) production around the world. Mortality rates, commonly due to predation, can range from 5 to 70%, which constitutes a great welfare concern. This study examined the influence of quantifiable...

  8. Comparison of SAFER behavior assessment results in shelter dogs at intake and after a 3-day acclimation period

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, S. L., Weng, H. Y., Walker, S. L., Placer, M., Litster, A.

    In this study, it was hypothesized that different results would be obtained by canine behavior assessments performed within 24 hr of shelter intake (Day 0) and after a 3-day acclimation period (Day 3). Safety Assessment for Evaluating Rehoming assessments were performed on 33 dogs at 2 municipal...

  9. Effect of different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake on piglets' growth and mortality

    Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.

    An experiment was conducted to study the effect four different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake had on piglet and litter performance. Treatments were performed on piglets born weighing 1.30 kg or less (SP) within 6 h of birth: control group (CON); split-nursing of the litter for...

  10. Factors influencing stereotypic behaviours of animals rescued from Asian animal markets: a slow loris case study

    Contributor(s):: Moore, R. S., Cabana, F., Nekaris, K. A. I.

    Illegal wildlife trade has devastating effects on wild populations in Southeast Asia, made evident from the rising numbers of threatened species found in rescue centres. The prevalence of slow lorises ( Nycticebus spp.) in trade allows for the first time, a study of the response of wild-caught...

  11. Identifying environmental and management factors that may be associated with the quality of life of kennelled dogs ( Canis familiaris)

    Contributor(s):: Kiddie, J., Collins, L.

    This paper describes the use of a validated quality of life assessment tool (described elsewhere) to identify environmental and management factors that may affect quality of life in dogs kennelled in rehoming centres. Dogs were allocated to one of the four treatment groups, all of which had a...

  12. Persistence during tasks with horses in relation to social support, general self-efficacy and self-esteem in adolescents

    Contributor(s):: Hauge, H., Kvalem, I. L., Enders-Slegers, M. J., Berget, B., Braastad, B. O.

    In young people, interactions with horses may contribute to the development of social skills and self-efficacy. Our aim was to identify relationships between psychological variables and young people's experience of activities with horses. Participants in this study were 13-15-year-old adolescents...

  13. The effects of human age, group composition, and behavior on the likelihood of being injured by attacking pumas

    Contributor(s):: Coss, R. G., Fitzhugh, L. E., Schmid-Holmes, S., Kenyon, M. W., Etling, K.

    Documentation from the years 1890 to 2000 of 185 instances of pumas (Puma concolor) attacking humans in the United States and Canada has provided statistical evidence that pumas are less likely to kill or injure humans in certain circumstances. We identified incidents of fatal attacks, severe...

  14. A survey of public attitudes towards barking dogs in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Flint, E. L., Minot, E. O., Perry, P. E., Stafford, K. J.

    AIMS: To investigate public attitudes towards barking dogs in New Zealand in order to quantify the extent to which people perceive barking dogs to be a problem, to compare tolerance of barking with that of other common suburban noises, to assess the level of public understanding about the...

  15. Is there a bias against stray cats in shelters? People's perception of shelter cats and how it influences adoption time

    Contributor(s):: Dybdall, K., Strasser, R.

    The determination of adoptability is a fundamental issue facing shelters wishing to rehome cats. Many shelters in the United States cannot keep a cat indefinitely and increased time in the shelter environment may lead to reduced animal welfare due to chronic stress or euthanasia. In a series of...

  16. Methods for cross point analysis of double-demand functions in assessing animal preferences

    Contributor(s):: Engel, B., Webb, L. E., Jensen, M. B., Reenen, C. G. van, Bokkers, E. A. M.

    Cross point analysis of double demand functions provides a compelling way to quantify the strength of animal preferences for two simultaneously presented resources. During daily sessions, animals have to work to gain access to (a portion of) either resource, e.g. by pressing one of two panels a...

  17. Relationships between pig welfare, productivity and farmer disposition

    Contributor(s):: Jaaskelainen, T., Kauppinen, T., Vesala, K. M., Valros, A.

    The aim of this study was, firstly, to investigate the connection between on-farm assessed welfare scores and production parameters for sows, and secondly, to examine how farmers perceive the connection between their disposition, animal welfare and productivity. We assessed environmental and...

  18. The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach

    Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...

  19. Can teaching veterinary and animal-science students about animal welfare affect their attitude toward animals and human-related empathy?

    Contributor(s):: Hazel, S. J., Signal, T. D., Taylor, N.

  20. Birth and death rate estimates of cats and dogs in U.S. households and related factors

    Contributor(s):: New, J. C., Jr., Kelch, W. J., Hutchison, J. M., Salman, M. D., King, M., Scarlett, J. M., Kass, P. H.

    Studies report variable factors associated with dog and cat surpluses in the United States. Estimates of cat and dog birth and death rates help understand the problem. This study collected data through a commercial survey company, distributing questionnaires to 7,399 cat- and dog-owning...