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  1. Pet dog management practices among a representative sample of owners in Victoria, Australia

    Contributor(s):: Howell, T. J., Mornement, K., Bennett, P. C.

    It is often assumed that pet dogs experience better welfare than livestock production animals because many owners consider them to be members of the family and, collectively, spend billions of dollars on them annually. However, this assumption is not based on scientific evidence, and a...

  2. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  3. On-farm evaluation of the Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0): theoretical and practical considerations

    Contributor(s):: Folkedal, O., Pettersen, J. M., Bracke, M., Stien, L. H., Nilsson, J., Martins, C., Breck, O., Midtlyng, P. J., Kristiansen, T.

    The present study investigated the operational feasibility of the recently developed Salmon Welfare Index Model (SWIM 1.0) designed for Atlantic salmon ( Salmo salar L) in production cages. Ten salmon farms containing spring smolts were visited twice, first between May and June the first year in...

  4. Calf mortality in semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) in a Scottish herd: the impact of maternal age and individual differences between cow

    Contributor(s):: Jorgensen, M. W., Jarvis, S., Brewer, M. J., Goddard, P. J.

    High calf mortality rate is a significant problem facing semi-domestic reindeer ( Rangifer tarandus) production around the world. Mortality rates, commonly due to predation, can range from 5 to 70%, which constitutes a great welfare concern. This study examined the influence of quantifiable...

  5. Comparison of SAFER behavior assessment results in shelter dogs at intake and after a 3-day acclimation period

    Contributor(s):: Bennett, S. L., Weng, H. Y., Walker, S. L., Placer, M., Litster, A.

    In this study, it was hypothesized that different results would be obtained by canine behavior assessments performed within 24 hr of shelter intake (Day 0) and after a 3-day acclimation period (Day 3). Safety Assessment for Evaluating Rehoming assessments were performed on 33 dogs at 2 municipal...

  6. Effect of different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake on piglets' growth and mortality

    Contributor(s):: Muns, R., Manteca, X., Gasa, J.

    An experiment was conducted to study the effect four different management techniques to enhance colostrum intake had on piglet and litter performance. Treatments were performed on piglets born weighing 1.30 kg or less (SP) within 6 h of birth: control group (CON); split-nursing of the litter for...

  7. Shelters and pet overpopulation: a statistical black hole

    Contributor(s):: Rowan, A. N.

    "Over the past 20 years, the animal sheltercommunity in the United States has beengrappling with the problem of millions ofunwanted dogs and cats." Lack of statistical data makes it difficult "to evaluate progressin dealing with pet overpopulation" during that time frame.

  8. A survey of public attitudes towards barking dogs in New Zealand

    Contributor(s):: Flint, E. L., Minot, E. O., Perry, P. E., Stafford, K. J.

    AIMS: To investigate public attitudes towards barking dogs in New Zealand in order to quantify the extent to which people perceive barking dogs to be a problem, to compare tolerance of barking with that of other common suburban noises, to assess the level of public understanding about the...

  9. Is there a bias against stray cats in shelters? People's perception of shelter cats and how it influences adoption time

    Contributor(s):: Dybdall, K., Strasser, R.

    The determination of adoptability is a fundamental issue facing shelters wishing to rehome cats. Many shelters in the United States cannot keep a cat indefinitely and increased time in the shelter environment may lead to reduced animal welfare due to chronic stress or euthanasia. In a series of...

  10. Mapping farm animal welfare education at university level in Europe

    Contributor(s):: Illmann, G., Keeling, L., Melisova, M., Simeckova, M., Ilieski, V., Winckler, C., Kost'al, L., Meunier-Salaun, M. C., Mihina, S., Spoolder, H., Fthenakis, G., Sarova, R., Spinka, M.

    The aim of this study was to map farm animal welfare university education in an enlarged Europe with emphasis on identifying existing differences and gaps. Information on 210 courses dealing with farm animal welfare from 98 universities in 26 European countries were obtained. Statistical analysis...

  11. Relationships between pig welfare, productivity and farmer disposition

    Contributor(s):: Jaaskelainen, T., Kauppinen, T., Vesala, K. M., Valros, A.

    The aim of this study was, firstly, to investigate the connection between on-farm assessed welfare scores and production parameters for sows, and secondly, to examine how farmers perceive the connection between their disposition, animal welfare and productivity. We assessed environmental and...

  12. The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach

    Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...

  13. Can teaching veterinary and animal-science students about animal welfare affect their attitude toward animals and human-related empathy?

    Contributor(s):: Hazel, S. J., Signal, T. D., Taylor, N.

  14. Impact of publicly sponsored neutering programs on animal population dynamics at animal shelters: the New Hampshire and Austin experiences

    Contributor(s):: White, S. C., Jefferson, E., Levy, J. K.

    This study found that government-funded surgical sterilization of companion animals has been widely promoted as a means of decreasing shelter intake and euthanasia. However, little information is available about the true impact of these programs on community and shelter nonhuman animal population...

  15. Morbidity and mortality of invertebrates, amphibians, reptiles, and mammals at a major exotic companion animal wholesaler

    Contributor(s):: Ashley, S., Brown, S., Ledford, J., Martin, J., Nash, A. E., Terry, A., Tristan, T., Warwick, C.

    The authors formally investigated a major international wildlife wholesaler and subsequently confiscated more than 26,400 nonhuman animals of 171 species and types. Approximately 80% of the nonhuman animals were identified as grossly sick, injured, or dead, with the remaining in suspected...

  16. Self-harm in laboratory-housed primates: where is the evidence that the Animal Welfare Act amendment has worked?

    Contributor(s):: Balcombe, J., Ferdowsian, H., Durham, D.

    The 1985 amendment to the United States Animal Welfare Act (AWA) to promote psychological well being of primates in the laboratory represents an acknowledgment of an important welfare problem concerning nonhuman animals. How effective has this amendment been? Perhaps the best-known contributor to...

  17. Trends in intake and outcome data for animal shelters in a large U.S. metropolitan area, 1989 to 2010

    Contributor(s):: Morris, K. N., Gies, D. L.

    Trends in nonhuman animal shelter intake and outcomes for dogs and cats in Metro Denver, CO, between 1989 and 2010 were assessed by linear regression analyses of data from 4 of the largest facilities covering 3 counties. The data were analyzed for trends on 3 scales: actual numbers per year,...

  18. Psychometric properties of the Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale: Mexican version (LAPS-M)

    Contributor(s):: Gonzalez Ramirez, M. T., Quezada Berumen, L. del C., Landero Hernandez, R.

    The Lexington Attachment to Pets Scale (LAPS) is perhaps the most widely used instrument to assess human emotional attachments to pets and is suitable for both dog and cat owners. However, this instrument has not been translated into Spanish. Thus, the present study aimed to assess the...

  19. Risk factors for unassisted on-farm death in Swedish dairy cows

    Contributor(s):: Alvasen, K., Thomsen, P. T., Sandgren, C. H., Mork, M. J., Emanuelson, U.

    Increased on-farm cow mortality (ie unassisted death and euthanasia) has been demonstrated in Swedish dairy herds during the last decade. Identifying risk factors associated with type of death is needed for future work in reducing cow mortality rates. The objectives of this case-control study...

  20. Attitudes towards farm animals as a part of belief systems

    Contributor(s):: Vinnari, M., Rasanen, P., Jokinen, P.