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Tags: Mental development + Cognition

All Categories (1-20 of 26)

  1. Equestrian rehabilitation. "The benefits of approach with the horse in schools and in therapeutic&quot

    Contributor(s):: Perrotta, F.

  2. The influence of animals on the development of children

    | Contributor(s):: Endenburg, N., Lith, H. A. van

    There is a widespread belief that interaction with an animal is beneficial for the development of children, and several studies (most with methodological shortcomings) have investigated the influence of (companion) animals on the social-emotional and cognitive development of children. In this...

  3. ISAE international congresses, 1999-2001. (International Society for Applied Ethology Special Issue)

    | Contributor(s):: Widowski, T., Mench, J.

    This special issue of Applied Animal Behaviour Science contains topics on the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) congress. The 8 topics include (1) human-animal interactions in livestock production; (2) applied and basic research in farm animal welfare; (3) transferring the results...

  4. Performing under pressure: stress and cognitive function

    | Contributor(s):: Mendl, M.

  5. Veterinary behavioural medicine. Selected papers presented at the 5th Biennial International Conference on Veterinary Behavioural Medicine, Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA, 14-16 July 2005

    | Contributor(s):: Mills, D., Landsberg, G.

    This issue contains papers on normal behaviour and behavioural problems of dogs and approaches on how to manage these problems, including training and drug therapy.

  6. Clever hounds: social cognition in the domestic dog ( Canis familiaris ). (International Society for Applied Ethology Special Issue)

    | Contributor(s):: Cooper, J. J., Ashton, C., Bishop, S., West, R., Mills, D. S., Young, R. J.

    This paper reviews the reasons why domestic dogs make good models to investigate cognitive processes related to social living and describes experimental approaches that can be adopted to investigate such processes in dogs. Domestic dogs are suitable models for investigating social cognition...

  7. Do broiler chicks have a cognitive representation of food quality? Appetitive, behavioural and ingestive responses to a change in diet quality

    | Contributor(s):: Haskell, M. J., Vilarino, M., Savina, M., Atamna, J., Picard, M.

    In order to understand more about food recognition and rejection, the aim of this experiment was to determine whether cognitive processes are involved. 16 groups of 4 broiler chicks were used, and were fed a low quality diet in their home pens. The groups of chicks were trained to run a winding...

  8. Effects of pre-weaning exposure to a maze on stress responses in pigs at weaning and on subsequent performance in spatial and fear-related tests.

    | Contributor(s):: Siegford, J. M., Rucker, G., Zanella, A. J.

    Learning, memory and regulation of the stress response are mediated by the hippocampus. Biologically relevant hippocampal-dependent tasks that develop and integrate cognitive processing of this region may not be available to piglets in some current production systems. Additionally, weaning...

  9. From Darwin to Dawkins: the science and implications of animal sentience. Papers from the Compassion in World Farming Trust International Conference, London, UK, 17-18 March 2005

    | Contributor(s):: Webster, J.

    This special issue contains 14 papers addressing the nature of animal sentience and suffering as experienced by the animals themselves and how practitioners in the field can incorporate this understanding to ensure the proper treatment of animals. The simplest definition of animal sentience is...

  10. Cognitive and communicative abilities of Grey parrots

    | Contributor(s):: Pepperberg, I. M.

    This paper presents results of almost 30 years of study of the cognitive and communicative activities of Grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus), conventionally regarded as mindless mimics. These studies have demonstrated that Grey parrots can solve various cognitive tasks and acquire and use English...

  11. Cognitive enrichment affects behavioural reactivity in domestic pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Puppe, B., Ernst, K., Schon, P. C., Manteuffel, G.

    Cognitive challenges presented in connexion with the foraging behaviour of animals may have the potential to enrich the housing environment of captive animals, and thus can have beneficial effects on their behaviour and welfare. Therefore, we have developed a food-rewarded learning system based...

  12. Simple discrimination reversals in the domestic horse ( Equus caballus ): effect of discriminative stimulus modality on learning to learn

    | Contributor(s):: Martin, T. I., Zentall, T. R., Lawrence, L.

    The cognitive capacity of an organism, relative to that of other species, can be assessed by using a relative measure of learning. One such measure is the ability of an organism to learn about the reversal of a discrimination. The present study compared the performance of two groups of horses on...

  13. A complex automatic feeding system for pigs aimed to induce successful behavioural coping by cognitive adaptation

    | Contributor(s):: Ernst, K., Puppe, B., Schon, P. C., Manteuffel, G.

    In modern intensive husbandry systems there is an increasing tendency for animals to interact with technical equipment. If the animal-technology interface is well-designed this may improve animal welfare by offering challenges for cognitive adaptation. Here a system and its application is...

  14. A note on social dominance and learning ability in the domestic chicken ( Gallus gallus )

    | Contributor(s):: Croney, C. C., Prince-Kelly, N., Meller, C. L.

    Relatively little is known about the relationship between social behavior and specific cognitive abilities of the chicken. It is uncertain whether dominant birds have a cognitive advantage over subordinate birds that might facilitate their superior position in the social hierarchy. Likewise, it...

  15. Group size and cognitive processes. (Special issue: Too many, too few: the effects of group size and density in captive animals.)

    | Contributor(s):: Croney, C. C., Newberry, R. C.

    Animal group sizes may exert important effects on various cognitive mechanisms. Group size is believed to exert pressures on fundamental brain structures that correlate with the increased social demands placed on animals living in relatively large, complex and dynamic social organizations. There...

  16. Does it bite? The role of stimuli characteristics on preschoolers' interactions with robots, insects and a dog

    | Contributor(s):: Howard, L., Vick, S. J.

    While there is increasing interest in the impact of animal interactions upon children's wellbeing and attitudes, there has been less attention paid to the specific characteristics of the animals that attract and engage children. We used a within-subjects design to explore how differences in...

  17. Some comments on context embodiment in zootherapy: the case of the Autidolfijn project

    | Contributor(s):: Servais, V.

    The Autidolfijn project was undertaken in 1991 in Bruges, Belgium, to asses the effect of interactions with captive dolphins on learning in autistic children. The project lasted four years and ended with ambiguous results. Although one group of children did seem to gain learning benefits from...

  18. The effects of the presence of a dog in the classroom

    | Contributor(s):: Hergovich, A., Monshi, B., Semmler, G., Zieglmayer, V.

    This study examined the effects of the presence of a dog in the classroom on field independence, social competence, empathy with animals and social-emotional atmosphere. The participants were 46 first-graders (43 of them immigrants) of two school classes (control and experimental). In the...

  19. A neuropsychological and evolutionary approach to animal consciousness and animal suffering

    | Contributor(s):: Bermond, B.

  20. Animal memory and animal welfare

    | Contributor(s):: Mendl, M., Burman, O., Laughlin, K., Paul, E.