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Young Blond d'Aquitaine, Angus and Limousin bulls differ in emotional reactivity: relationships with animal traits, stress reactions at slaughter and post-mortem muscle metabolism
Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.
The present study investigated relationships between reactivity during tests, stress reactions at slaughter and animal traits in young Blond d'Aquitaine (BA), Limousin (LI) and Angus (AN) bulls. Behavioural and physiological reactivity of animals was evaluated during rearing using a "Human test"...
Development and validation of a behavioral acclimation protocol for cats to respiration chambers used for indirect calorimetry studies
Contributor(s):: Gooding, M. A., Duncan, I. J. H., Atkinson, J. L., Shoveller, A. K.
Cats exposed to novel environments initiate stress responses by behavioral and physiological changes that modify metabolism and lead to the collection of unreliable data. Fourteen cats (10+or-2 months) were subjected to an 11-week acclimation procedure to adapt to restriction within chambers used...
The effects of chronic exposure to common bedding materials on the metabolic rate and overall health of male CD-1 mice
Contributor(s):: Becker, C. E., Mathur, C. F., Rehnberg, B. G.
Anecdotes and personal Web pages claim that cedar and pine beddings cause respiratory distress in rodents, although no previous research could be found to support these claims. There have, however, been published studies of respiratory distress in cedar and pine mill workers. That research links...
Effects of chronic intake of starch-, glucose- and fructose-containing diets on eating behaviour in adult minipigs
Contributor(s):: Ochoa, M., Malbert, C. H., Lalles, J. P., Bobillier, E., Val-Laillet, D.
Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess whether chronic intake of isocaloric high-fat diets differing partly in the source of carbohydrates (starch, glucose or fructose) and fed at the same level of intake impacts eating behaviour in the adult Yucatan minipig. Methods: Adult minipigs...
Linking risk taking and the behavioral and metabolic responses to confinement stress in gilthead seabream Sparus aurata
Contributor(s):: Herrera, M., Castanheira, M. F., Conceicao, L. E. C., Martins, C. I.
Risk taking and avoidance responses during confinement have been identified in a variety of species, including fish. In addition, differences in metabolic rate have also been attributed to divergent personalities, coping styles or behavioral types. In this study we disclose for the first time a...
Number of nearby visitors and noise level affect vigilance in captive koalas
Contributor(s):: Larsen, M. J., Sherwen, S. L., Rault, J. L.
Understanding human-animal interactions is particularly important for institutions that display animals to the public due to the frequent, and sometimes intense, interactions with unfamiliar humans. Past research has shown that visitors can have a negative impact on the welfare of a wide range of...
Metabolism and cryo-sensitivity of domestic cat (Felis catus) and cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) spermatozoa
Contributor(s):: Kimberly Terrell
Teratospermia (ejaculation of ≥ 60% structurally abnormal spermatozoa) is prevalent among felids facing extinction risk, including the cheetah. This trait also occurs in certain domestic cat populations, providing a valuable research model. Multiple components of sperm function are disrupted in...
Monitoring stress hormone metabolites as a useful, non-invasive tool for welfare assessment in farm animals
Contributor(s):: Palme, R.
Stress at slaughter in cattle: role of reactivity profile and environmental factors
Contributor(s):: Terlouw, E. M. C., Bourguet, C., Deiss, V.
The effects of individual housing on mice and rats: a review
Contributor(s):: Krohn, T. C., Sorensen, D. B., Ottesen, J. L., Hansen, A. K.
Characterising the emotional reactivity of cows to understand and predict their stress reactions to the slaughter procedure
Contributor(s):: Bourguet, C., Deiss, V., Gobert, M., Durand, D., Boissy, A., Terlouw, E. M. C.
The present study on 32 Normand cows evaluated whether it is possible to identify, during rearing, individuals likely to be relatively reactive to the slaughter procedure. It evaluated further which factors may contribute to stress during the pre-slaughter period. Behavioural and physiological...
Is sodium fluoroacetate (1080) a humane poison? The influence of mode of action, physiological effects, and target specificity
Contributor(s):: Twigg, L. E., Parker, R. W.
1080 (sodium fluoroacetate)-baiting programmes are an important and often the only option for reducing the impact of invasive vertebrate pests on biodiversity and agricultural production in Australia and New Zealand. These programmes are generally recognised as being target specific, and...
Raising welfare standards for endurance riding. (UFAW Animal Welfare Series)
Contributor(s):: Loving, N. S.
This chapter covers the welfare issues associated with the use of horses in endurance riding. Endurance riding is described as well as the inherent risks of the sport. Regulations and standards that are followed in endurance riding are presented. Measures to avoid metabolic consequences in...