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  1. Feasibility and reliability of the AWIN welfare assessment protocol for dairy goats in semi-extensive farming conditions

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Battini, M., Renna, M., Giammarino, M., Battaglini, L., Mattiello, S.

    The aim of this study was to test the feasibility and reliability of the Animal Welfare Indicators (AWIN) protocol for welfare assessment of dairy goats when applied to semi-extensive farming conditions. We recruited 13 farms located in the NW Italian Alps where three assessors individually and...

  2. A prospective exploration of farm, farmer, and animal characteristics in human-animal relationships: an epidemiological survey

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Boivin, X., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Human-animal relationships are essential for dairy farming. They affect work comfort and efficiency, as well as milk production. A poor human-animal relationship can result in stress and accidents to both animals and caretakers and needs to be improved. However, many studies have demonstrated...

  3. Human-animal interactions and safety during dairy cattle handling - comparing moving cows to milking and hoof trimming

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Lindahl, C., Pinzke, S., Herlin, A., Keeling, L. J.

    Cattle handling is a dangerous activity on dairy farms, and cows are a major cause of injuries to livestock handlers. Even if dairy cows are generally tranquil and docile, when situations occur that they perceive or remember as aversive, they may become agitated and hazardous to handle. This...

  4. A Case Study of Behaviour and Performance of Confined or Pastured Cows During the Dry Period

    | Contributor(s):: Randi A. Black, Peter D. Krawczel

    The objectives of this study were to determine the effect of the dry cow management system (pasture or confined) on: (1) lying behaviour and activity; (2) feeding and heat stress behaviours; (3) intramammary infections, postpartum. Non-lactating Holstein cows were assigned to either deep-bedded,...

  5. Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.

    The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and...

  6. Daily grazing time of dairy cows is recorded accurately using the Lifecorder Plus device

    | Contributor(s):: Delagarde, R., Lamberton, P.

    Accurate estimation of daily grazing time and nycthemeral grazing pattern in ruminant nutrition research may result in a better understanding of sward-animal interactions and of the behavioural constraints affecting daily intake at pasture. Portable devices which automatically record grazing...

  7. Effect of feed allowance at pasture on lying behaviour and locomotory ability of dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: O'Driscoll, K., Lewis, E., Kennedy, E.

    In temperate climates where cows are primarily managed at pasture shortages of grass could result in nutritional deficits for the cow and thus pose a challenge to her welfare. This study investigated the effect of daily herbage allowance (DHA) on dairy cow lying behaviour, locomotory ability, and...

  8. Influences of various factors on cows' entrance order into the milking parlour

    | Contributor(s):: Polikarpus, A., Kaart, T., Mootse, H., Rosa, G. de, Arney, D.

    This study investigates the stability of the milking order of cows entering into the milking parlour of a commercial dairy herd, and changes to this order consequent to a change in health status and a change in the membership of the group of cows being milked. In large herds it is difficult for...

  9. The major welfare problems of dairy cows in French commercial farms: an epidemiological approach

    | Contributor(s):: Roches, A. de B. des, Veissier, I., Coignard, M., Bareille, N., Guatteo, R., Capdeville, J., Gilot-Fromont, E., Mounier, L.

    Animal welfare enhancement requires that problems are reliably identified and ranked in order to prioritise corrective actions. Welfare problems vary with the conditions in which animals are maintained. The objectives were to highlight major welfare problems for dairy cows on farms in France, and...

  10. Dairy cow behavior and welfare implications of time waiting before entry into the milking parlor

    | Contributor(s):: Dijkstra, C., Veermae, I., Praks, J., Poikalainen, V., Arney, D. R.

    The objective of this study was to investigate dairy cows' time spent in the possibly stressful waiting area (WA) of the milking parlor (MP) and their behavioral patterns while there and thereby investigate comparative effects on their welfare. The experiments were carried out in 3 loose-housing...

  11. Supernumerary teat removal can be avoided in dairy sheep

    | Contributor(s):: Palacios, C., Abecia, J. A.

    The aim of this work was to determine whether the removal of supernumerary teats from dairy sheep when they are born is a useful procedure in the farming routine. Ewes were divided into 3 groups according to the number of teats at milking: ewes who were born with 2 teats; ewes who were born with...

  12. Perception of the importance of human-animal interactions on cattle flow and worker safety on Minnesota dairy farms

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Sorge, U. S., Cherry, C., Bender, J. B.

    Proper cattle-handling techniques (stockmanship) are important to ensure calm animals and a safe work environment for dairy workers on farm. The objectives of this study were to (1) assess Minnesota dairy herd owners' attitudes toward stockmanship, its perceived importance for cow comfort and...

  13. Re-capturing bovine life: robot-cow relationships, freedom and control in dairy farming

    | Contributor(s):: Holloway, L., Bear, C., Wilkinson, K.

    Robotic milking machines are novel technologies that take over the labour of dairy farming and reduce the need for human-animal interactions. Replacing 'conventional' twice-a-day milking managed by people with a system that supposedly allows cows the freedom to be milked automatically whenever...

  14. The relationship between responsiveness of first-lactation heifers to humans and the behavioral response to milking and milk production measures

    | Contributor(s):: Sutherland, M. A., Dowling, S. K.

    The human-animal relationship can influence how an animal responds to situations involving humans and affect animal well-being and production. The objectives of this research were to (1) determine if there is a relationship between the behavioral reactivity of New Zealand dairy heifers toward...

  15. Stepping and kicking behaviour during milking in relation to response in human-animal interaction test and clinical health in loose housed dairy cows

    | Contributor(s):: Rousing, T., Bonde, M., Badsberg, J. H., Sorensen, J. T.

    Associations between kicking and stepping behaviour during milking and response to humans, getting up behaviour as well as clinical health status in loose housed dairy cows were investigated. During a 12-month period behavioural and clinical data from 10 commercial Danish dairy herds were...

  16. Respect for animal autonomy in bioethical analysis: the case of Automatic Milking Systems (AMS)

    | Contributor(s):: Millar, K. M.

    An analysis of the ethical impacts of the use of an Automatic Milking System (AMS) is used as a case study to illustrate the use of a form of bioethical analysis in technology assessment. The approach is based on the Ethical Matrix, where 'impacts' are assessed in terms of (lack of)...

  17. Applied animal behaviour science. (Special issue: Suckling)

    | Contributor(s):: Lidfors, L., Svennersten-Sjaunja, K., Redbo, I.

    This supplement contains articles that focus on behavioural and physiological aspects of suckling and/or sucking in ruminants. Abnormal sucking behaviour, particularly cross-sucking and non-nutritive sucking, in calves are presented; and the effects of milk flow and milk volume, the presence of a...

  18. Consistency of side choice in the milking parlour by Holstein-Friesian cows and its relationship with their reactivity and milk yield

    | Contributor(s):: Paranhos da Costa, M. J. R., Broom, D. M.

    Dairy cows often have to choose which of two sides to enter in the milking parlour. Some cows are very consistent in this choice, and it is common to assume that when these cows are more disturbed are being milked in their non-preferred side. Such disturbance might involve significantly poor...

  19. Dairy cow interactions with an automatic milking system starting with 'walk-through' selection

    | Contributor(s):: Stefanowska, J., Tiliopoulos, N. S., Ipema, A. H., Hendriks, M. M. W. B.

    The behaviour of 24 lactating cows was studied in a loose-housed system with access to an automatic milking system (AMS). Access to the AMS was via a passage between the lying and the feeding areas ('walk-through' area) in which the cow was scanned while moving and either allowed into the...

  20. Demonstration and verification of a milking order in dairy sheep and its extent and consistency

    | Contributor(s):: Wasilewski, A.

    The objective of this study was to investigate whether dairy sheep, like cows, organize themselves into a well-defined sequence at entry into the milking parlour and to quantify the extent (i.e., proportion of flock members with a favourite position in the sequence) and consistency of the order...