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  1. Practices and Perceptions of Animal Contact and Associated Health Outcomes in Pregnant Women and New Mothers

    Full-text: Available

    | Contributor(s):: Hsin-Yi Weng, Kimberly Ankrom

    Companion animals play an important role in our society. However, pregnant women and new mothers might have specific concerns about animal-associated health outcomes because of their altered immune function and posture as well as their newborn babies. The study was conducted to collect baseline...

  2. Effects of guest feeding programs on captive giraffe behavior

    | Contributor(s):: Orban, D. A., Siegford, J. M., Snider, R. J.

    Zoological institutions develop human-animal interaction opportunities for visitors to advance missions of conservation, education, and recreation; however, the animal welfare implications largely have yet to be evaluated. This behavioral study was the first to quantify impacts of guest feeding...

  3. Influences on the avoidance and approach behaviour of dairy goats towards an unfamiliar human - an on-farm study

    | Contributor(s):: Mersmann, D., Schmied-Wagner, C., Nordmann, E., Graml, C., Waiblinger, S.

    The human-animal relationship (HAR) is an important factor for successful animal husbandry and animal welfare. Thus, the HAR is included in on-farm assessments to evaluate overall welfare. For dairy goats, validated tests to assess the HAR are lacking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate...

  4. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  5. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students (n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  6. A randomized cross-over exploratory study of the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college student stress before final exams

    | Contributor(s):: Barker, S. B., Barker, R. T., McCain, N. L., Schubert, C. M.

    This exploratory study investigated the effect of visiting therapy dogs on college-student perceived and physiological stress the week prior to final exams. Students ( n=78) were randomly assigned to order of a therapy-dog intervention and attention-control condition, each 15 minutes long....

  7. An investigation of the Rusbult Investment Model of commitment in relationships with pets

    | Contributor(s):: Baker, Z. G., Petit, W. E., Brown, C. M.

    The present research examines relationships between people and their pets through the lens of the Rusbult Investment Model. The Rusbult Investment Model identifies important antecedents to commitment in a relationship: satisfaction with the relationship, quality of alternatives to the...

  8. A modeling approach for estimating seasonal dietary preferences of goats in a Mediterranean Quercus frainetto-Juniperus oxycedrus woodland

    | Contributor(s):: Manousidis, T., Malesios, C., Kyriazopoulos, A. P., Parissi, Z. M., Abraham, E. M., Abas, Z.

    Goats are characterized as selective feeders due to their specific feeding behavior, thus the study of their seasonal preferences in a Mediterranean oak-juniper ecosystem is of great interest. The current research was conducted in an open oak forest in Megalo Dereio region, northeastern Greece...

  9. Coping strategies in captive capuchin monkeys ( Sapajus spp.)

    | Contributor(s):: Ferreira, R. G., Mendl, M., Wagner, P. G. C., Araujo, T., Nunes, D., Mafra, A. L.

    Studies on diverse species indicate the existence of individual differences in stress coping strategies labelled as 'proactive' and 'reactive'. Identifying taxonomic distribution of such coping strategies is fundamental to evolutionary models and to management of captive animals. Capuchin monkeys...

  10. Degree of synchrony based on individual observations underlines the importance of concurrent access to enrichment materials in finishing pigs

    | Contributor(s):: Zwicker, B., Weber, R., Wechsler, B., Gygax, L.

    Pigs are sociable animals with a strong motivation to explore and forage, and it has been stated that they have a strong motivation to do so synchronously. We examined the synchrony of exploration in groups of finishing pigs when enrichment materials were offered. We used a novel measure of...

  11. The effect of isoflurane anaesthesia and buprenorphine on the mouse grimace scale and behaviour in CBA and DBA/2 mice

    | Contributor(s):: Miller, A., Kitson, G., Skalkoyannis, B., Leach, M.

    Prevention or alleviation of pain in laboratory mice is a fundamental requirement of in vivo research. The mouse grimace scale (MGS) has the potential to be an effective and rapid means of assessing pain and analgesic efficacy in laboratory mice. Preliminary studies have demonstrated its...

  12. Short-term ante-calving handling of dairy heifers in relation to heifers' behaviour and udder health after parturition

    | Contributor(s):: Ivemeyer, S., Pisani, M., Knierim, U.

    The novelty of being handled during milking contributes to peripartum stress in dairy heifers with possibly adverse effects on their well-being and health. The present study investigated (1) heifers' behavioural responses to handling over the course of four standardized handling sessions and (2)...

  13. Evaluation of environmental and intrinsic factors that contribute to stereotypic behavior in captive rhesus macaques ( Macaca mulatta)

    | Contributor(s):: Gottlieb, D. H., Maier, A., Coleman, K.

    Full body repetitive behaviors, known as motor stereotypic behaviors (MSBs), are one of the most commonly seen abnormal behaviors in captive non-human primates, and are frequently used as a behavioral measure of well-being. The main goal of this paper was to examine the role of environmental...

  14. Understanding feeding patterns in growing pigs by modelling growth and motivation

    | Contributor(s):: Boumans, I. J. M. M., Bokkers, E. A. M., Hofstede, G. J., Boer, I. J. M. de

    Feeding is an essential behaviour for body maintenance in pigs and closely related to their growth and productivity performance. Mechanisms underlying feeding behaviour in pigs are still unclear. Understanding these mechanisms can provide valuable insights into the complex interactions among...

  15. Behaviour of pre-pubertal gilts and its relationship to farrowing behaviour in conventional farrowing crates and loose-housed pens

    | Contributor(s):: Ison, S. H., Wood, C. M., Baxter, E. M.

    Individual variation in the reproductive performance of sows has the potential for greater negative impacts in loose-farrowing systems. Therefore, the ability to select gilts that will perform well would be a major advantage. This study investigated the behaviour of gilts during pre-pubertal...

  16. Achieving optimum performance in a loose-housed farrowing system for sows: the effects of space and temperature

    | Contributor(s):: Baxter, E. M., Adeleye, O. O., Jack, M. C., Farish, M., Ison, S. H., Edwards, S. A.

    Piglet survival relies on interactive influences of the sow, her piglets and their environment. There are a number of design challenges in a loose-housed farrowing and lactation system to optimise this dynamic, including achieving farrowing in the desired location (i.e. a protected nest area) and...

  17. Calculating association indices in captive animals: controlling for enclosure size and shape

    | Contributor(s):: Chadwick, C. L., Springate, D. A., Rees, P. A., Armitage, R. P., O'Hara, S. J.

    Indices of association are used to quantify and evaluate social affiliation among animals living in groups. Association models assume that physical proximity is an indication of social affiliation; however, individuals seen associating might simply be together by chance. This problem is...

  18. The effects of social interaction and environmental enrichment on the space use, behaviour and stress of owned housecats facing a novel environment

    | Contributor(s):: Rehnberg, L. K., Robert, K. A., Watson, S. J., Peters, R. A.

    Every day, millions of domestic cats are held temporarily in captive environments, such as boarding catteries and rescue shelters. Being in confinement can potentially invoke high levels of stress for these animals. Therefore, there is a need to develop appropriate strategies to reduce these...

  19. Are we ignoring neutral and negative human-animal relationships in zoos?

    | Contributor(s):: Hosey, G., Melfi, V.

    Human-animal interactions (HAI), which may lead to human-animal relationships (HAR), may be positive, neutral, or negative in nature. Zoo studies show that visitors may be stressful, may have no effect, or may be enriching. There is also evidence that good HARs set up between animals and their...

  20. Comparison of the behaviour of piglets raised in an artificial rearing system or reared by the sow

    | Contributor(s):: Rzezniczek, M., Gygax, L., Wechsler, B., Weber, R.

    Over the last 15 years, rising sow fertility has led to a considerable increase in litter size. As a consequence, the number of live born piglets may outnumber the number of functional teats, and surplus piglets are removed from the sow at the age of 3-6 days and fed with artificial milk. The...